In the late 1800s, Europe was scrambling to conquer vast amounts of land. Imperialism had swept the continent by storm, with many countries vying for pieces of Africa and Asia to control. From 1880 to 1900, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy fought for African possessions and by 1900, nearly the whole continent had been split and placed under European rule. There was plenty of motivation for Europeans to conquer the world, and while some supported it, others didn’t. Most people in Europe at this time held ethnocentric views toward the “uncivilized” cultures in the world. Martial Henry Merlin believed that Europe was entitled to occupy territories in Africa to “civilize” them. (Doc. 6) His speech was given to justify the colonization of Africa. Most Europeans in this time would agree that it was a virtue for a “fully developed race” to develop countries full of “backward peoples who are plunged …show more content…
Rooted in American exceptionalism, the idea that the United States is different from other countries due to its mission to spread liberty and democracy, America acquired territories like the Philippines. Many Americans accepted the ideology of the white man’s burden; an important factor in the decision to rule, rather than liberate the Philippines after the country was taken from Spain after the Spanish-American War. One of America’s notable examples of American imperialism was the annexation of Hawaii in 1898 which became a state later in 1959. Imperialism greatly effected many nations throughout the late 1800s and 1900s. As countries fought for more power and influence, it became one of the main reasons for WWI in the early 1900s. Many countries during this time period scrambled to grab as much land as they could to conquer it for their own benefit, at the expense of their country’s people and the exploitation of the uncivilized, leaving few to reap the benefits of the ever-expanding
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Imperialism, as an irrevocable phenomenon, facilitated the expansionism, conflicting interests, intense nationalism, and seething competition that enveloped the European continent at the beginning of the 20th century. Characteristic of the movement, imperialism fostered policies of colonial expansion and conquest, exemplified by the evidence of Source B. The German imperialistic career, beginning after the events of the Franco-German War in 1884, swallowed almost a million square miles and governed an additional 14 million people; the French Empire, after a revival of ‘the old colonial spirit’ conquered an area of over 3.5 million square miles and brought under its protection over 37 million indigenous peoples of these colonies; Italian, Russian,
Europeans invaded Africa and not only forced themselves upon the native people but forced western ideology and white power, showing how this colonization is consistently based on the assumption of "the rightness and necessity of subjugation and assimilating other peoples to the European world view” (26). Mills then discusses how the colonialization of Africa was merely a part of the 85% European domination of the world, and Europeans are primarily whites. Thus whites oppressed and force millions of people to be
America's imperialistic tendencies reaches it’s peak in the late 19th century where things like cultural superiority, militarism, and the drive for markets all culminated in this time period. These imperialistic motives had the U.S dipping its hands into nations like Cuba, Philippines, Hawaii, and more. The effects of imperialism on these countries range from assimilation to revamped governments. The following documents all are evidence of what led America into the pursuit of imperialism. Militarism was another huge factor in the pursuit in imperialism.
Throughout the 20th century the United States would soon develop into a superpower, for example events like the Berlin Airlift which consisted of supplies being brought from America to berlin promoted democracy. Although this is just one event that shows that the the United States is a promoter of freedom throughout the world during the 20th century, they are also different events that occured to provide evidence that the united states is as well a defender and promoter in and out of the state. The United States developed into the promoter and defender of democracy throughout the 20th century by American Imperialism, promote world peace, and enforcing equality among citizens. America imperialism is just one piece that illustrates the promotion
The social reaction to expansionism continued throughout both movements because the opposing sides of each argument disagreed on completely different topics. Many during the time of Imperialism believed America was destined to expand due to the believed superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race (Doc 1), and was justified in expanding due to the fact that America would spread democracy and that they were required to expand because it was the “White Man’s Burden” (Doc 1-POV). This is also true for Manifest Destiny, which was built on the idea that God ordained the western hemisphere for Americans.
Many Europeans did not treat the Africans well. Many colonists started colonizing in the New World for three main reasons: God, Gold, and Glory. Colonists met Native Americans there and wanted the Native Americans to work for the them, which led to bad treatment of the Native Americans and also led to slavery. The Industrial Revolution soon started and people needed more natural resources for all the resources being produced. During the 19th Century, many Boers made colonies, land controlled by another country, on the land lended to them by Africans; soon afterward the colonizers started deceiving the African.
Before the 20th century the United States was an isolationist nation but around the late 19th century America decided to convert into an imperialist power. They had numerous reasons to shift into being an imperialist nation. America didn’t want to begin imperializing to settle and live in the nations they were taking over, they already had America for that reason, they wanted to adopt these nations for what they had to offer, which was many things. America saw an opportunity to improving their nation and took it. Even if there were many causes for America to imperialize, three of them stood out the most.
Many Americans thought occupying foreign countries, like the Philippines after the Spanish American War, was a bad idea because it contradicts the American values of equality found in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. (Doc D) However, a majority of America sided with people like Senator Albert J. Beveridge who believed people were chosen by God to expand into China and the Philippines to open more Asian markets. (Doc E) This was a continuation of past expansionism because acquiring land for money Manifest Destiny have been motives for expansionism for
Imperialism was a controversial idea that a nation can extend its power outward through means of diplomatic or military force. This often results in a shift of power from one major force currently in control to another. The people of that nation under control conflict may also experience wars, rebellions, or cultural destruction. Looking at some of these events, we see some positives and negatives of imperialistic action taken by the United States, and how it affected the nations imperialized by the United States. For starters, let’s look at Hawaii’s annexation.
Examining the history of colonial expansions, one can discern a rough but generally applicable pattern for the revolutionary subversion of non-Western societies. “Subversion began at the apex, with the defeat, humiliation, or overthrow of traditional rulers” (Reilly, 2000, p. 623; von Sivers, Desnoyers, & Stow, 2012). This was of vital assurance of law and order. With it went continuity of tradition, not only of governance but for all other social institutions, even consuming the subtle customs regulating the human psyche.(Reilly, 2000)Thus ended not only political, but also cultural determination. A new world emerged.
Colonialism and Imperialism affected our world both positively and negatively. On one hand, Imperialism has often been linked with racial segregation, manipulation, and hardship. On the other, it has been said that many colonial powers contributed much in terms of schools, roads, railways, and much more. Whether this time period was constructive or harmful, it has played a large part in shaping our lives today. European Imperialism started long before the 1800’s.
Throughout Africa’s history of colonial rule, Westerners were successful in forcefully taking away the land from native Africans. The land was attached to their culture, pride, and in the end, their self-worth. Identity drives pride and the courage of an individual or a community. Western monarchies and 20th century governments drove away that sense of identify that diminished their sense of pride. Countries and their populations through out Africa made significant efforts to regain that communal solidarity.
And lastly the desire for a new frontier to settle in order to maintain America’s identity and prosperity. All three of the examples: economically, politically/military, and culturally can simply explain why and how America became an imperialist nation in the late
Along with that, European powers also saw themselves as saviors who were helping modernize non-white people who were not as modern as everyone else. Document 4 affirms these ideologies by stating that Britons were the superior race and when they control more land the world becomes a better place (Document 4). This is a form of racial superiority that made it seem to Europeans that their society was higher class and more advanced than anyone else. The Europeans might have had more technological advances than the natives but that doesn’t make them better or worse than a certain group of people. This thinking supported Europeans to force their beliefs and culture on said people in order to “modernize” or “civilize” natives which led to centuries of culture being suppressed or lost.
European superiority was thenceforward conceived to be a historical victory. ‘Primitiveness’ or racial inferiority was no longer thought permanent or unchangeable, but just the result of lacking behind in history. Progress was to be achieved by being socialized in the values of liberal European modernity. Racially inferior groups could ultimately achieve a higher level of humanity through education and by being assimilated in the European standard. The white colonizers were assumed to be the agents of history where-as the black colonized for historicist simply lacked agency due to underdevelopment (Gold-berg,