10 March 2023
Reflection Paper (Takaki)
In his chapter "A Different Mirror" from Multicultural America, Ronald Takaki highlights the neglected stories of different ethnic groups in American history, arguing that the Eurocentric lens used to present American history erases the contributions and experiences of people of color. To create an inclusive and just society, Takaki emphasizes the significance of acknowledging and celebrating America's multicultural past. He sheds light on the impact of systemic racism on marginalized communities, emphasizing the importance of recognizing the diversity of American history.
Takaki's discussion of the Chinese immigrant experience in America in the late 1800s and early 1900s is one of the specific points that stands out. He explains how they were subjected to racism and discrimination, scapegoated for economic hardships, and excluded from …show more content…
I had always thought of race as a biological construct, but Takaki's argument that whiteness is a social construct created to maintain power and privilege for white people challenged my understanding of race in society. He challenges the previous understanding of race and how it operates in society by explaining how different ethnic groups were considered "non-white" but eventually assimilated into mainstream American society by adopting whiteness. Takaki's exploration of the concept of whiteness is particularly insightful as it reveals how social constructs can be used to oppress and marginalize certain groups. This idea highlights the importance of understanding the ways in which power and privilege operate in society and how they affect different communities. Overall, Takaki's chapter serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of recognizing and celebrating the diversity of America's history and the ongoing struggle for social
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Introduction In Ronald Takaki’s book, A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America, Takaki argues that despite the first slave codes emerged in the 1660’s, de facto slavery had already existed and provides evidence to support this claim. While he provides a range of data, these facts can be categorized in three groups: racial, economic, and historical. These groups served as precursors to what eventually led to slavery codes to be enacted and the beginning of one of the darkest chapters in American History. Racial
The author's emphasis on the effects of race and racial identity on people and their lives is perceptive and thought-provoking, and it offers a helpful framework for more investigation and studies in this field. In addition to highlighting the significance of power and inequality in influencing our experiences and perspectives, the author's use of the symbolic interactionist perspective offers insightful information about how race and racial identity contribute to ongoing injustices and inequalities. Anyone who wants to learn more about the complexity of race and racism should read this book. Tatum also skillfully shows the realities of racial tension and prejudice in America through personal tales and instances. This serves as a potent reminder of the need for ongoing work to create a more just and equitable society.
The fourteenth chapter of Ronald Takaki's A Different Mirror briefly covers American dilemmas during the Second World War. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaiian military governor General Delos Emmons declared: "We must distinguish between loyalty and disloyalty among our people"(Takaki 342). At first, this assured faithful Japanese citizens and aliens of Hawaii that the government would not produce mass concentration camps due to their ethnicity. President Roosevelt eventually settled for the internment of 1,444 Japanese after his original demand for 20,000 following Emmons' argument claiming that "such a removal of Japanese would severely disrupt both the economy and the defense of Hawaii" (Takaki 342). Meanwhile, on the west
In Peggy McIntosh’s’ essay, “White Privileges: The Invisible Knapsack”, she uses numerous diverse rhetorical strategies to persuade and engage her readers attention toward the claims she states about white privilege and racism. The essay points out that males and white people from birth have certain privileges, earned strengths, and unearned power. The author made good use of ethos, pathos, and logos to persuade her readers to understand and accept her claims about white privilege, and these claims she specifically stated, gradually expanded her thesis throughout her essay. McIntosh’s purpose in her essay is to identify the “invisible systems” that we have of male and white privilege in order to educate the public and readers about the masked favoritism or inequality to reestablish it.
Whiteness in America stems from power. White people feel they only have power with domination over black people, and thus without it, it simply comes apart and disappears. “ “White America” is a syndicate arrayed to protect its exclusive power to dominate and control our bodies. Sometimes this power is direct (lynching), and sometimes it is insidious (redlining). But however it appears, the power of domination and exclusion is central to the belief in being white, and without it, “white people” would cease to exist for a want of reasons” (Coates, 42).
In our society, racism is deeply ingrained in America. The U.S. has had a history of oppressive race-based legislation; these include slavery, concentration camps that held Japanese Americans, as well as Native Americans forcibly removed from their ancestral lands. These examples encompass a theory known as the Critical Race Theory (CRT). Following months of appeals for racial equality and anti-racism efforts, a debate over CRT erupted in 2020 about whether the concept should be taught in schools and questions arose about what the theory truly teaches. CRT can help trace racism throughout America’s history and determine how it can affect minorities through cultural perceptions of race.
Oeun Maryta Response paper Music 171 09/25/2015 Chapter 1 A Different Mirror Ronald Takaki When I finished reading the first couple pages from the article "A Different Mirror" by Ronald Takaki, I feel that this particular story relates to my story. I am a new immigrant to this country, U.S, and when I first arrived here in the U.S I felt that I looked different, I even felt that it is really hard for me to fit into this new culture. However, I learned to adapt and view everybody the same, even if we all have different cultures, skin tones, and languages.
Introduction Race is a socially constructed concept that has been used to create and justify inequalities throughout history. The idea of race has been used to create hierarchies, determine social status, and justify discriminatory practices against people who were perceived as being different. The construction of race has been based on a number of factors, including physical appearance, culture, and ancestry. In this essay, I will explore how race has been defined and acted upon historically, using examples such as the thirty-meter telescope in Hawaii, racial segregation in Levittown, the Ozawa Supreme Court case, and the Thind Supreme Court case. I will also discuss how biology has been used in the past to falsely create definitions of race
In this paper, I will be critiquing these articles and films in order to evaluate the purpose of these readings and how they have helped further develop race in America. But most importantly, whether the author has achieved its purpose to inform readers about CRT, whiteness, and racial inequality. First article, I will be analyzing is Critical Race Theory: An Introduction by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic. Both authors explore Critical Race Theory in detail. As I previously mentioned, CRT is one of the most important developments mainly in the legal studies department.
White Privilege: Essay 1 White privilege is a systemic issue that has roots in our history as far back as the creators of our country. Searching back, we see our norms and values created into habits that have been woven into how we view and act around specific groups such as African Americans. This essay is going to explain how the average Caucasian individual experiences white privilege on a day to day basis and the solutions to insure that white privilege will stop and true equality can be handed out. This paper views the latter issues through symbolic interactionism, with supporting sub theories such as; labeling theory, looking glass self, and selective perception.
Fahad Albrahim Response 1: Review/Summary: “Whiteness as property” is an article written by Cheryl Harris, in which she addresses the subject of racial identity and property in the United States. Throughout the article, professor Harris attempts to explain how the concept of whiteness was initiated to become a form of racial identity, which evolved into a property widely protected in American law (page 1713). Harris tackles a number of facts that describe the roots of whiteness as property in American history at the expense of minorities such as Black and American natives (page 1709). Additionally, Harris describes how whiteness as property evolved to become seen as a racial privilege in which the whites gained more benefits, whether
Ronald Takaki a renowned pioneer in the field of ethnic studies has over the years authored numerous books on diversity in American society. As a grandson of Japanese immigrants who became the first black studies professor at UCLA, Takaki for many years has continually tried to bridge cultures and ethnic groups in the United States. In his book “A different mirror: A history of multicultural America”, Takaki addresses the idea of multiculturalism in our society, and also talks about how for many years we have been told to acknowledge the notions that the core principles of our nation uprooted only from one group rather than a contribution from other various cultures as well. The ‘master narrative’ posed by Takaki describes the growing
Throughout history social scientists have been trying to examine the different parameters of race in terms of phenotypic characteristics, and cultural behaviors regarding the different groups that society construct’s. legally judges have had different rulings regarding the categorization of different ethnicities and groups within the United States. Many philosophers such as Kwame Appiah, and Scientists such as Dr. James Watson have had opposing arguments on the topic of race and whether it exists or not. In order to do so we need to examine the different definitions of race, and analyze them in order to see how race is a social construct, where people’s notions of race and their interactions with different races determine the way they perceive
Reader Response of Chapter 2 of A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America by Ronald Takaki In the book, A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America, Ronald Takaki gives an anecdote about how the lives of both the Indians and the Irish were dramatically destroyed and how they were even almost extinct because of the violent and corrupted acts of the English. Moreover, the English expansion led to the “making of an English-American identity based on race” (Takaki 26). Furthermore, the Irish were the first people to be considered as savages. The English felt as if the Irish did not have any respectful manners or obedience to God.