Whip and Cage Circuses use whip and cage to train animals like lions and bears, force them to perform for audiences. It appears that columnist for the Boston Globe, Jeff Jacoby, is in favor of using the same combination for criminals. He published an essay named “Bring Back Flogging” on the op-ed page of Boston Globe on February 20. 1997. The essay held a serious discussion of the prison system of the United States, identify it as a costly, insecure and useless. Then he suggest we should replace the system with a method that we used centuries ago-flogging, or at least at it to the list of penalties. Jacoby pointed out facts such as in many states, in order to ease the pressure of prison-building, “nearly all convicted felons …show more content…
Statistic is more accurate when it comes to show the level. For example, 1 bottle of soda might be “a few” for soda lovers, but it might be “too much” and unacceptable for the ones who want a healthy life or just hate the feeling of hiccups. Jacoby used statistics to support his argument, and let audiences get convinced after they get the numbers and start to feel the same way Jacoby feels. For example, when he discussed how jail is costly, he mentioned the price with the statistic. “Meanwhile, the price of keeping criminals in cages is appalling-a common estimate is 30,000 per inmate per year.” That is way better than “Meanwhile, the price of keeping criminals in cages is extremely high.” After realizing their tax collector which is government, is paying for this, readers may start to feel the distance between them and the problem is not that far after all. Jacoby is not trying to discuss a question about “those criminals”, but “our society” which “those criminals” are a part of it. Another example would be when he mentioned the high risk for criminals get raped in jail, he wrote “The Globe reported in 1994 that more than two hundred thousand prison inmates are raped each year, usually to the indifference of the guards.” Novels, movies and TV shows love to mention rape when they discuss jail. This is a mark, even something to joke about. Of course, they don’t have women in there, what else can they do? Maybe they are having fun, no need to worry! However, by showing the number- 200,000, Jacoby is sending his message that this is no laughing matter. The situation is not just a myth, it is a real problem and a lot of people are suffering from it. Statistics are not only evidence of the research that author did for this essay, but also a link for readers to start listen to him. If a reader saw the numbers and agreed that it is as critical as the author wrote, that would at least
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Jeff Jacoby’s “Bring Back Flogging” is a very interesting piece of writing. Jacoby clearly states his thesis because it is his title. He uses techniques which are evidence, assumptions and quotes from credible authorities. Jacoby has persuaded me to agree that flogging should be brought back in certain cases.
First of all, Las Casas uses statistics as a rhetorical feature. To illustrate, Las Casas uses statistics when describing what occurs on the islands of Puerto Rico and Jamaica. In the letter it says, “fewer than two hundred survive on each of the two islands, all the others perished” (26). Before using statistics, Las Casas states that there were over six hundred thousand natives living on the islands. When individuals read the statistics, they become aware that an amplitude of natives died.
In this way, the reader will understand that McGray is not merely an ordinary citizen, but an expert credible to discuss the topic of American isolationism. Using statistics in the first paragraph is an effective strategy because it has a scientific character that shows how knowledgeable about the subject the author is, encouraging the audience to agree with his
Jacoby supports his thesis by giving the reader various reasons such as: The criminal justice system imprisons us for everything serious or not serious. If they flog us it they will prevent more prisoners in prison, in our prisons,prisoners are released early and continue to make crimes, it’s more costly to keep the prisoners in cages, prisoners learn to be better prisoners from other inmates and prisons are full and overcrowded. The evidence that Jacoby uses to support his reasons is by using facts, statistics and logical examples. For example, when Jacoby states that, “Imprisonment has become our penalty of choice for almost every offense in the criminal code.” He uses this as factual example reinforces it with another logical example like, “ Commit murder; go to prison.
Steele also uses statistics in his writing to gain credibility with his audience to show how the issue has changed by giving truthful statistical facts. Steele does this when he writes “By the 1970s more
A statistic is quantitative or statistical evidence such as graphs, tables, or number. Yep Schwertner is really putting forth effort to win over his argument and show that this is a huge problem that should be solved. Schwertner informs that “since 2003, tuition and fees at Texas public universities have more than doubled” and that tuition “has increased an outstanding 222 percent” (Par 7). Schwertner uses this statistic to back up his testament that the Texas legislature made a huge mistake in letting public universities in setting their own rates. Since then student loans have increased over 200 percent which is basically like paying for almost three students.
Many people, before reading this article, might not have been aware of the rapid increase of incarceration rates and the overcrowding issue. This appeals to the reader’s sense of logic by stating that the vast majority of them are nonviolent because it shows them that that is where the overcrowding issue resides. This gets the readers thinking that alternative ways of dealing with nonviolent offenders might be necessary to solving the issue in the criminal justice system. Zuckerman makes the reader understand that reforming the prison system is a reasonable solution to the many problems generated by non-violent offenders being imprisoned. Not only does the author make the reader aware of the issue, but he provides a logical solution for it.
Prison reform has been an ongoing topic in the history of America, and has gone through many changes in America's past. Mixed feelings have been persevered on the status of implementing these prison reform programs, with little getting done, and whether it is the right thing to do to help those who have committed a crime. Many criminal justice experts have viewed imprisonment as a way to improve oneself and maintain that people in prison come out changed for the better (encyclopedia.com, 2007). In the colonial days, American prisons were utilized to brutally punish individuals, creating a gruesome experience for the prisoners in an attempt to make them rectify their behavior and fear a return to prison (encyclopedia.com, 2007). This practice may have worked 200 years ago, but as the world has grown more complex, time has proven that fear alone does not prevent recidivism.
He uses statistics to make his article logical, while projecting given evidence to his point. She gives statistics like when she states “Seventy thousand students eventually took part” (Gladwell, 2010, paragraph 6) and uses scholarly references. Scholarly references are a type of reference written by professionals who are experts on the field. She gives scholarly references such as Stanford Sociologist Doug McAdam (Gladwell, 2010, paragraph 12), sociologist Mark Granovetter (Gladwell, 2010, paragraph 16), he uses these sociologist because he wants to give to her article an objective view even though he does not accomplish this.
In “Bring Back Flogging,” Jeff Jacoby argues that the need of bringing back flogging is an excellent way of punishment for modern society. Jacoby also states how crime has gotten out of hand over the past few decades, which has lead for the government to establish more prisons to lock up more criminals. Jacoby gives three arguments in defense to his position: first, he expresses how flogging is cheaper; second, people who go into trial do not get sentenced anyway or takes a long time; third, inmates in prisons will
Should Public Humiliation Be Used As A Punishment For Crime? In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses public humiliation to shame a puritan women named Hester Prynne for her sin of adultery. To punish her for her sin, the puritan officials of the community force her to wear a scarlet letter “A” upon her chest to publicly shame her and so that everyone in the community can mock her for her sin. Public humiliation is still used by people and by the government in some ways as a punishment.
In Adam Gopnik 's piece “Caging of America,” he discusses one of the United States biggest moral conflicts: prison. Gopniks central thesis states that prison itself is a cruel and unjust punishment. He states that the life of a prisoner is as bad as it gets- they wake up in a cell and only go outside for an hour to exercise. They live out their sentences in a solid and confined box, where their only interaction is with themselves. Gopnik implies that the general populace is hypocritical to the fact that prison is a cruelty in itself.
developed—the first institution in which men were both “confined and set to labor in order to learn the habits of industry” (LeBaron, 2012, p.331). Although prisons had been designed to enforce and promote punishment, retribution and deterrence, they have also fallen into the conceptual belief that they were in many instances, nothing more than a sweat shop for the socially-undesired. At this point in history, there was very little reform and an immense lack of regulation for prisons or for the proper way they should be ran. Finances. In modern-day calculations, prison labor has been rather beneficial to the U.S. government, bringing in an average of 1.6 billion dollars in 1997.