Introduction The topic that will be discussed is biometry/biostatistics. Biostatistics encompasses a lot of different fields put together. It is important in medicine, pharmacy, agricultural and fishery. It is useful because combines two subjects together(Biology and Mathematic), not only that, it is also used to improve different assortments of analytical methods. Biological Perspective of Biostatistics and It's Foundation Biostatistics is a theory and methodology for the acquisition and use of quantitative evidence in biomedical research (i.e.
According to Wikipedia, Transgenic organisms can be defined as, “an organism that has been genetically altered by adding genes into, and out of, the organism to achieve the desired outcome, this process is called genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is made possible through certain techniques within biotechnology and bioengineering”. More and more organisms, including plants and animals, are being modified today. These processes are justified based on their supposed “endless benefits”, but at what cost? This leaves us with concerns about whether these processes are ethically correct and whether it is appropriate to use these organisms as a means of producing things such as pharmaceuticals.
Lareina Chen Mr. Hayward 9A January 11th, 2017 Genetic Engineering Essay Genetic engineering is a powerful and dangerous technology. Sometimes called genetic modification, genetic engineering is the process of altering the DNA in an organism’s genome. Editing the sequence of nucleotides can sometimes lead to extreme harmful effects on the human race, while on the other hand generates huge benefits for society. While talking about Genetic engineering, it is carried out by CRISPR. CRISPR stands for “clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats.” It can quickly twist most of the genes in any plant or animal.
Kathi E. Hanna, a science and health consultant, states, “Many believe that use of gene transfer at the embryonic stage for enhancement would reach far beyond the limits of acceptable medical intervention” (Hanna). What is genetic engineering? Is it safe? Can it benefit humanity in the future? Genetic engineering is the changing of characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material, or genome.
Genetic Modification Now, what exactly is Genetic Modification? Well, first of all, genetic modification is also well known as Genetic Engineering, it is basically the modification or manipulation of an organism’s genome. Genetic engineering is done by using biotechnology which are technologies that are used to transfer, change or edit the genetic make-up of the cells of an organism. Most of the time, genetic modification is done to enhance the capabilities or attributes of the organism in order for it to achieve a higher level of performance or state. It is also done to insert, delete or even initiate mutation in the genes.
David Lynn (Emory University), which helps the audience to have a good knowledge of the structures and forces during the supramolecular self-assembly process, and understand how the chemical information will be stored and translated into the new molecules in this process. His talk mainly focused on the mutant peptides of Aβ Amyloid protein that is well-known to be responsible for Alzheimer’s disease. By characterizing the properties of self-assembly of different pieces of peptides from Aβ Amyloid protein, he showed that this sequence specificity played an important role in self-assembly of these mutant peptides in vitro. In addition, I think he clearly explained the design of an in vivo genetic assay that is based on the use of the yeast prion, the Sup35 of S. cereviseiae. They studied the mechanism of this supramolecular self-assembly process according to the score able phenotype with this in vivo assay.
Is it because technology is not advanced enough yet? Or is it just because human cloning might be too dangerous? Many scientists are trying to clone humans but is it ever justified? There are a whole lot of debates on this topic, and I am strongly against it. Human cloning is ethically wrong; there are many risks involved, which will lead to detrimental effects on human society.
Genetic engineering is a potentially and powerful very dangerous tool. To alter the succession of nucleotides of the DNA can have extremely ill. Genetic modification should be banded by law as its future is unknown, genetically modified food in unsafe and it is against humans’ rights (unethically). Nobel Prize winning, George Wald Harvard professor and biologist, wrote in 1976: “Recombinant DNA technology [genetic engineering] faces our society with problems unprecedented not only in the history of science, but of life on the Earth.” According to a study, it is 83% risky. In addition, the consequences problems may not appear for many years, which will make huge health problems. “Germline genome alterations are permanent and heritable, so very, very careful consideration needs to be taken in advance of such applications.” (Carroll, 2015).
CRISPR technology can allow us to start selecting our own superpowers. Technology is constantly evolving, and this allows for more advance research and altering of DNA which opens a door of possibilities and opportunities. Genetic engineering is the process of using technology to change the genetic makeup of an organism. Genetic engineering is one of the processes which can be used with CRISPR to modify the genes and DNA. Genetic engineering has three elements that are required for the process to occur: the gene to be transferred, a host cell which the gene can be inserted, and a vector (An organism or chemical used to transport a gene into a new host cell) to allow the transfer.