A Discourse Community in Mean Girls What is a discourse community? According to “The Concept of Discourse Community,” it’s a “discourse operates within conversations defined by communities, be they academic disciplines or social groups.” In other words, it is a group that has goals or a purpose and use communication to achieve that goal. In the movie Mean Girls there are many examples of discourse communities but I’m going to focus specifically on The Plastics.
One of Tatum’s points in her essay “Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria” is understanding racial identity development. As black children are growing up, they start to experience things other white kids do not. As little girls start to grow up, they start to compare themselves to other girls, particularly white girls. Tatum states that, “When their White friends start to date, they do not. The issues of emerging sexuality and societal messages about who is sexually desirable leave young black women in a very devalued position” (378).
Ruby went to a all white school because Judge J. Skelly Wright ordered schools to integrate. Black children had to take a test and the top five scores were asked to integrate. In the 1960, six-year-old Ruby Bridges changed America by walking up the steps of a white only school to gain an education. To survive this experience, Ruby had to rise above the prejudice, face her fears, and find the strength in her faith. Ruby overcame abundance of prejudice.
Introduction Many people are or have become ignorant to the fact that racism still exists. They see racism on the news, hear about racism on the radio and from their families and friends, yet still don’t accept the fact that African Americans are still being held back from prospering by our very own American government. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander elaborates on the still very existing discrimination of colored people, especially of African Americans. She proves to us that the idea of “slavery” is being kept alive but in a new way till this very day.
In the PBS documentary A Class Divided third grade teacher Jane Elliot tried an experiment to let a class of her third graders experience discrimination. For Jane Elliot’s third grade class in a small town in Iowa discrimination was unheard of because there was only white Christians living in the town. She separated her class based on eye color, so one day she made the kids with blue eyes be superior and the kids with brown eyes be inferior. She did multiple test to see if the way they were treated changed the way they learned. The next day she switched it, so the kids with blue eyes were now inferior and the kids with brown eyes were superior.
This African American high school had none of that. Instead of new books, they had books with pages ripped out. The things that Adkin High School did have resulted in poor learning. The Adkin High School Walkout helped students get what they needed to learn by the students deciding to walk out of the school.
Prejudices and, more specifically, racial prejudices have been a plague on society for an extensive amount of time. Most believe that the worst of racial prejudices are in the past and that society has moved past them; however, Brent Staples argues that society is nowhere near past these prejudices. Staples argues this through his great use of rhetorical strategies to implement credibility and emotion into his essay. The first strategy that Staples uses to convey his message is his use of credibility to appeal to his audience.
If it weren't for these prejudice thoughts, many people would be together united as one fighting to better one another. As Brent states in “Black Men and Public Space,” “the hatred he feels for blacks makes itself known to him through a variety of avenues - one being his discomfort with that ‘special brand of paranoid touchiness’ to which he says blacks are prone.” (514). Due to this fear of one another, it has brought much tension among many. This discrimination has been going on for many years and is what makes the United States divided.
African Americans in the early part of our history were treated extremely poorly and faced a lot of public neglect. Lynchings, public violence, and harassment haunted many colored people of that time. The Ku Klux Klan were behind most of these acts of injustice. From these events, as we progressed through history, different groups, social movements, and acts of integrity helped shape African American’s futures for the better. Within this paper I will be hitting on some key moments that impacted how colored people lived and are viewed from then to now.
This includes racism, slavery, and diseases. A lot of the racism against Native Americans is still a present day issue, along with non-white immigrants. Slavery existed before the Age of Exploration and American slaves were treated just as bad. It made slavery more accessible and easy to do. This is one of the reasons why there is still racism against Native Americans; Europeans were taught through generations that racism is okay.
Slavery is over therefore how can racism still exist? This has been a question posed countlessly in discussions about race. What has proven most difficult is adequately demonstrating how racism continues to thrive and how forms of oppression have manifested. Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow, argues that slavery has not vanished; it instead has taken new forms that allowed it to flourish in modern society. These forms include mass incarceration and perpetuation of racist policies and societal attitudes that are disguised as color-blindness that ultimately allow the system of oppression to continue.
It is important to recognize that race is still a major factor in people’s life chances, though, so Bonilla-Silva gives some strategies to use to fight color-blind racism’s erasure of race. The author first calls on the blacks and their allies to start a new civil rights movement that calls out the new form of racism. Second, antiracist whites need to be encouraged to start challenging color-blindness when they see it happening within their race. This step also includes persuading working class whites to join the movement. Third, researchers and activists need to provide counter-ideological arguments to each of color-blind racism’s frames.