Thus, even elite families were concerned with producing a male offspring that would then bring honour to the family by participating in the examinations. In fact, it was not even necessary to pass the examinations to be a respected member of society. There were candidates who continuously failed one exam after another and later became writers, physicians or teachers to young sons of privileged families (1, p. 95; 3, p. 289). Overall, it can be said that becoming classically educated had become a certiﬁcation of one’s status and was valued more than genealogy. Though imperial civil service was abolished in 1904, the lifelong learning habit still manifests itself in Chinese culture.
Nonetheless, the electoral college should be abolished because citizens’ votes should all count equally all states should get the same attention from presidential candidates, and everyone’s voice should be heard. The electoral college system ultimately fails the citizens of bigger states because their votes don’t count as much as those in smaller states. How? Well, as previously mentioned, there’s 538 electors who are distributes
Despite the obvious lack of democratic institutions and political system, the CCP has long been portraying itself as the representative of the “fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people (最广大人民群众的根本利益)”1. The idea behind such a statement is a legitimacy based on support of the masses. This populist nature of the regime was highly visible during the Mao period, when the Party claimed to have built a better society for the majority of the population and increased its popularity particularly through ideological control and mass mobilization. And the pursuit of popular support, with facts or propaganda, remains a basis for the rule of the CCP until today. A. A Legitimacy Based on the Claim of Building a Better World
First, Buddhism destroyed the Five Confucian Relationships which had helped maintain political, economic and social order in China. Additionally, many people in the Chinese community did not feel a connection with the Buddha, originated from India due to the difference in cultural backgrounds which represented their identity. Finally, the relationship of Confucius and Heaven was tarnished by Buddha; Confucius was the only one who knew how to lead his community in the most beneficial way because he had the ability of connecting with them through their culture. In 845, Tang Emperor Wu, declared Buddhism as harmful and destructive by changing Chinese beliefs and values which represented their culture and the governing structure which had led China to be one of the leading, powerful empires (Doc 7.) Tang Emperor Wu, the ruler of the most influential empire, is calling for Confucius followers to strengthen their devotion to their values and beliefs linking Confucianism with their identity; Chinese culture.
When most people think of ancient China and India, very few similarities come to mind. China is thought of as Asia, while India is the Middle East. However, there are a few key ideas that are needed for a successful society, which is shared between both societies. Ancient China and India are located right next to each other, allowing them to share the most characteristics, specifically in trade, class system, and religion.
Shang culture heavily impacted ancient China in its culture that eventually altered into modern days’ China. One of the biggest impacts was the invention of the written language. There is some debate over where it originated, but some archeological evidence suggests that it was derived from the hieroglyphics that were
Kanno (2008) argues that Japanese education provides unequal access to bilingualism. While addictive English-Japanese bilingualism is fostered among children of privileged families who attend international schools, minority children in public elementary schools receive remedial education in order to acquire basic academic skills and qualifications. For them, ‘bilingualism is eliminated as a luxury that they cannot afford’ and consequently, ‘Japanese monolingualism is the outcome, if not the intended goal’ of minority education (p.178). This is evident in the case of young returnees from China who accepted the priority of learning Japanese over maintaining Chinese because Japanese proficiency was necessary to fully participate in Japanese society (Tomozawa,
It was called The Common School Period because education transformed from a completely private, costly thing to a luxury that was available to the common masses. With public education, social class separation was not as extreme as it had been in the past, but still continued to occur in some areas. The people in the lower classes originally gained minimal instruction, such as learning how to read and write, calculate, and receive religious instruction, while the upper classes were more entitled to pursuing a higher education in secondary schools and even continue their schooling at the university level. Though some social class separation still lingered, education was made mostly to fit common standards. In 1837, Horace Mann, one of the great education reformers, created grade levels, common standards to reach those said grade levels, and mandatory attendance.
Xuanzang should be known as one of the world's great heroes. His travels are legendary. He brought true Buddhism to China. His own book provides a unique record of the history and culture of his time. Yet he is unknown to most of us and even to most Chinese.
It all started when i thought about the 40 hours needed to complete high school. So I decided to go to the place I learned mandarin. When I went to do my volunteer I was surprised to see that all we did was watch the halls and run errands that the teachers requested. One of the pro of the job was oddly easy but it was very boring.
In fact, Laozi fled into nature to prove that his thoughts in the book Tao Te Ching could possibly be successful. Laozi 's teachers also made its way into the Chinese culture, as he was considered a believable person among China in comparison to Confucius. (Interaction and Social) 9.Constantine: In the fourth century CE, the Emperor Constantine of Rome became Christian. This was a very controversial move, because the other emperors preceding him did not like Christianity and their rejection of multiple gods or a divine emperor. This move was effective because eventually, Christianity found more and more support throughout the empire even though it took time through some societies.
Religions of the Han and Yuan Dynasties The Religion of the Han and Yuan Dynasties were Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. The religions of these dynasties affected the government and society greatly. During the Han Dynasty the major religion was Confucianism. Buddhism and Daoism were the main religions in the Yuan Dynasty. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism all affected the Chinese government.
In 246 BCE Prince Zheng ascended to the Qin throne and lead the dynasty to vanquish all enemies and unite China under one ruler, himself, "The First Emperor," for the first time in history. It's debatable whether Emperor Zheng was one of the greats, but he wanted to be as he expressed good morals according to Confucian standards by climbing up five mountains, also known as his, "expeditions." At every mountaintop, Zheng carved his accomplishments on stone and left it there for the world to see. This act supported not only his dynasty, but the Confucianism teachings which believed the role of all great rulers was to lead their subjects in ritual. Heacily influenced by legalist teachings, Emperor Zheng also demonstrated more control over his subjects than previous
The Yuan dynasty was a vast portion of the extensive Mongol empire, mostly residing in China. It was created by Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan. It lasted from 1271 AD to 1368 AD. The Mongol empire became the Yuan Dynasty. The territory stretched across all of modern day China.
Around 1200 B.C.E, Dynasties chose their rulers or emperors by a system called the Mandate of Heaven. Mandate of heaven was a belief that a higher power like the Gods, would select their ruler. The first Chinese ruler to claim his throne came directly from heaven. This is a belief that was built off of chinese traditions of worshiping their ancestors. If the chosen Emperor fails to be kind and rule by the moral standards of the Gods, natural disasters and rebellions would happen and he would eventually be overthrown.