During that time the Indian policy was secondary to the Civil War. One of the consequences of the Civil War was that during that time the United States couldn’t spend a lot of their time focusing on the Native Americans. Also in the 1860s, the Whites were still settling onto the Great Plains. In 1858 the Colorado Gold Rush had begun. A lot of Euro-American miners were coming into the Indian Territory to mine or settle.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall agreed that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct society but not that it was a foreign nation. In 1838 and 1839, as a major speciality of Andrew Jackson 's Indian evacuation strategy, the Cherokee country was compelled to surrender its properties east of the Mississippi River and to relocated to a territory in show day Oklahoma. The Cherokee individuals tabbed this excursion the "Trail of Tears," as a result of its overwhelming impacts. The verbal confrontation on the bill was longed and unpleasant, for the subject of Indian evacuation touched upon various extremely intense subject matters: the established inquiry of states ' rights versus government privileges, Christian
Although the natives lead different lives than the stereotypical Christian American citizen, it does not give the United States government the right to strip them of their homeland and resources. The aborigines have a vast set of lore that many of are unaware of. It is wrong of Jackson to assume that one must be Christian in order to be civilized. Jackson claims that the natives, upon settling westward, will have access to countless benefits provided by the government. However, disregarding the natives’ religion, culture, and way of life does exactly the opposite.
Initially, the removal was intended for the purchase of the land of the willing tribes, but it turned into forcibly removing these people from their homes. The Cherokee tribe even took action against the government, taking the removal to the court systems. Cherokee tribe vs. Georgia, went all the way to the supreme court who ruled in favor of the Indians; however, the state of georgia ignored the court ruling and went forward with the removal. Another tribe, the seminoles, tried resisting through guerrilla warfare, but unfortunately failed. The removal lead to one of the most remembered events in American history, The Trail of Tears.
When the Europeans began colonizing the New World, they had a problematic relationship with the Native Americans. The Europeans sought to control a land that the Natives inhabited all their lives. They came and decided to take whatever they wanted regardless of how it affected the Native Americans. They legislated several laws, such as the Indian Removal Act, to establish their authority. The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans.
But, eventually, in the year 1830, things got really bad, the US Gov’t passed the Indian Removal Act and in Georgia the white men held a lottery to give away the Indians’ land. John Ross tried to use diplomacy to have the Cherokee’s rights to the land recognized. He went to the Supreme Court and won against the US Gov’t. The Court agreed that the Cherokees had rights to the land, but the president would not back down. Then in 1835, a few renegade Cherokees wrote up a false treaty and gave it to Congress.
After the Civil War ended, westward expansion became a focal point in America’s growth as a country. The idea of “Manifest Destiny” became popular, this was the idea that America had a God given right to expand West. There were many people of different ethnicity’s that wanted to move West because they believed that they would have new opportunities, or a new beginning. There was said to be free land that people could use to farm. Unfortunately, not everything was easy and there were people already living out West.
Georgia was first on the list to seize and to do so the president gave the Cherokees a “choice”. They either moved west to new lands, which were called Indian Territory, where their independence would be respected or they would have to live under Georgia laws, meaning many of their human rights such as voting would be taken away from them. This decision was completely unfair to the tribe since the region was home to them and the new lands were unfamiliar and not at all valuable to them. Jackson soon passed the bill, forcing the Cherokees to march from their homelands all the way west to a portion of the Louisiana Purchase. This march was known as the Trail of Tears where thousands of Cherokees passed away on the journey.
During Jackson’s presidency the American settlers disobeyed the law and went onto the Indians land. This then made the Natives and the U.S. Government have a hostile relationship. This hostile tension led to the Indian Removal Act. So, the act was passed and it led to the journey of the Trail of Tears. The many sources and perspectives regarding the Indian Removal act and the Trail of Tears help the readers understand the whole story of the event because you get the good and bad side of the removal.
The cultural differences and control over resources between Native Americans and Americans led to a long journey of Native Americans relocating west due to their land being illegally confiscated from them. The overgrowing population of Americans was the cause of the unjust and inhumane treatment of Native Americans in order for them rapidly expand their culture. Still, Native Americans continued to protect their common title of their land and preserve their existence until thousands of them were forced to move west because Americans didn’t follow through with their agreements, taking away their nation and their spirits. “Both congress and the states were eager to make the lands of western tribes available to American citizens, but none had