Anti-Catholicism in America “If Jesus had been killed twenty years ago, Catholic school children would be wearing little electric chairs around their necks instead of crosses”. (Lenny Bruce) In today’s modern society, religion is not look upon fondly. One religion seems to be in the media more often being criticized, Catholicism. Politicians get criticized for their “Catholic agenda” and the breaking story is diocese protecting pedophile, homosexual priests. This combined makes people think, why does everyone seem to target Catholicism and why are they allowed to get away with it. Especially in this time where everything has to be “politically correct”. The Anti-Catholic prejudice started in Europe with the Protestant Reformation,continued …show more content…
In 1850, only 5% of the American population was Catholic, they were the clear minority in the country. By 1906, 17% of the population in America was Catholic. In 1845 the Irish Potato Famine started, the lack of food caused many Irish to immigrate to America. With them, they brought their own culture and traditions, many of which were based on their faith, Catholicism. Many Americans were afraid that the influx of Catholics coming to the United States would grant the Pope more control over them. This reminded them too much of a king so they were worried about being controlled. To stop from Catholics from having too much sway in America, Americans started treating the them as less than people. Jenkins used the comparison of the prejudice in the 19th century to the prejudice against blacks in the 1960’s and 1970’s. This comparison makes it really easy for people in modern times to understand what it was like to be Catholic back in the 19th century. Catholics were treated as less than people. The Irish, and Catholics in general, were growing at a too fast of rate to many Americans. They were afraid that the Catholics would get in the way of building their Christian America. The strong anti-Catholic prejudice continued in America very many years but toned down a bit as prejudice towards blacks grew. Anti-Catholicism was still present but got pushed onto the back burner for a …show more content…
No matter how unbiased an article seems, there is usually a hidden bias if a person would look closely enough. The Catholic Church seems to be a favorite subject in current media. Between priest sex scandals, controversial political views and secrets that the Vatican is keeping from the rest of the world. Probably the most challenging and difficult topic for Catholic has to do with the priest sex scandals. The sex scandals have cast a harsh light on the Church and is probably what the Catholic Church is in the media the most for. It seems like at least twice a month there is an article or news story about a breaking sex scandal involving a Catholic priest. While it is a horrible thing that happened to the victims, the media seems to take averse pleasure in bringing up the Catholic Church every time there is a scandal involving a priest, yet when a scandal involves a pastor from a Christian faith, they say that he is just a sick individual. Articles and stories like this make it seem like every Catholic priest and even all Catholics are sick. Nowadays, it is one of the first things that people question a Catholic
The government in England had significant control over their people in many areas, one of these areas being religion. The major religion in England during that time period was Roman Catholic. The Catholics and Protestants often times would try to ban each other’s religion. The people of the Protestant faith in order to get away from the Roman Catholic Church, migrated to America; since one of the drawing factors was the chance to practice their religious beliefs freely.
a) By the 1600s, most of North America wasn 't claimed by the Europeans i) There were three European powers established in the Americas (1) Spain established Santa Fe in 1610, France established Quebec in 1608, and Britain established Jamestown, Virginia in 1607 b) Britain didn 't make an effort to explore the Americans in 1500s against the Spanish empire i) When King Henry VIII broke from the Roman Catholic Church in 1530s, tensions arose which brought the English Protestant reformation. It was Catholics versus Protestants (1) Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1558 which caused England to become Protestants and a rivalry against the Spaniards who were Catholic ii) Ireland wanted to be
During the 16th through the 17th century, The Reformation impacted many American colonists. The movement of The Reformation led to changes in the church. There were many events, which have changed the views of the colonist. The changes in the church showed people that if the church is changed, then every aspect of life could also be changed. The movement led to changes in politics, race and gender.
1 A) From a historical perspective, the United States was a Christian nation from 1600 to around 1940’s despite efforts to enforce the notion that the state is separate from the church. The main reason for this was due to the characteristics of the Puritans which included being strict and religious. The Puritans were persecuted from Britain for going against the church of England and declaring a divine intervention for their faith known as “Errand in the wilderness”. During the Great Awakening from 1730’s to the 1740’s there was a call for the state to get rid of religious hierarchy and place a more egalitarian system in its place.
Americans had rarely accepted outsiders as equals, and that was the case with immigrants coming to the U.S in the 1840s to the 1920s. A time in America where immigrants were not considered inferior to native white Americans did not exist. The hatred of anything non-American, especially with the coming of World War I in 1914, would only cause more Americans to despise immigrants. Part of this was rooted simply in racism, which existed towards groups other than African Americans, but much of it was simply that Americans considered themselves the chosen people while everyone else was below them. Thus, despite immigrants being accepted into America, those immigrants were still treated far worse than white citizens between the 1840s and 1920s, for the prejudice against them was obvious even in the laws created.
While most studies and theories are concerned with the differences between religion and culture, Bellah (1967) spent a lot of time examining the similarities of religion specifically in America. While Rousseau is credited as the one who coined the term “civil religion”, Bellah provided an in-depth study (2007:167). Based in presidential inaugurations, he continuously recites that people in authority often cite a generalized god, one that does not belong to any set religion (Bellah 1967). He goes on to explain that in America, there are “certain common elements of religious orientation that the great majority of Americans share” (Bellah 1967:166). This is important to understand in the sociology of religion because it shows how cultures and ideas can combine to create something the majority of society agrees on, even if it’s something as strongly held as
Religion in Western civilization has undoubtedly played a pivotal role in shaping and developing Western society. Regardless of the form of religion, such as polytheism or monotheism, people in ancient societies believed in a God or Gods. This belief in a higher power was an important part of human progression and expansion. Religion was the backbone of Western civilization and has always been a very important foundation of culture, schooling, philosophy, art, and social interaction. Before Judaism and Christianity, philosophers such as Aristotle ponder the thought of a higher power and in his book Metaphysics wrote about eternal motion was an unmoved mover.
St. Patrick arrived and brought Christianity. 1541Britain 's King Henry VIII was announced King of Ireland. He disagreed with the Catholic religion. Britain 's King James I sent many English farmers to Ireland to take the lands owned by Catholic farmers, mostly in the north of Ireland. 1692 New laws were set that didn’t allow Catholics to vote, own lands or practice their religion.
This was due to the mounting Protestant fear of Catholics changing the current social structures (Billington 362), as Protestants only believed that the Catholics would change American society for worse. Morse felt that all the new Catholics in America would remain loyal to the papacy, and that this would interfere with the republican system that America was built on (Henretta 310). As historian Ray A. Billington notes, it was also believed that Protestants would attempt to destroy Catholic churches in the West, making them susceptible to danger (Billington 371). The Irish spread their Catholic religion as they moved westward, and faced some opposition from fearful
The Great Awakening additionally inspired believers to follow their own beliefs despite what the church believes. Lastly, the Great Awakening challenged the right of civil authority to get involved in all matters of religion (7). Colonies were also created with religion in mind. For example, Maryland was created by Cecilius Calvert as a safe place for Catholics in 1634. Then in 1649, the Catholic leadership passed a religious toleration law.
Differences in religion and beliefs could be witnessed across Europe. For example, the Spanish were Catholics, where most of the northern countries were Protestant, and between them was the Holy Roman Empire. This was a place of conflict due to it containing both Protestant and Catholic kingdoms (Source 1). One important political event which occurred was the creation of the Church of England. King Henry VIII removed Catholic church power and introduced such bills as the Submission of the Clergy in 1532 and Act of Supremacy in 1534.
Over the past few years, anyone can tell you that religious importance in our country has become less, and less vital. Recent events like the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, and the attacks on Paris, France, have made the freedom of religion harder and harder to come by. Having the free practice of religion has proved difficult. Christianity has suffered from these issues as the general acceptance of the religion has declined substantially in the few decades. A recent poll there was a sense of discrimination for the Islamic religion, as they have been responsible for the attacks, 8/10 Americans believe Christianity should be practiced freely, while only a mere 6/10 Americans think the Muslims should practice freely (Source #3).
Believe it or not, religion, which is “the service and worship of God or the supernatural” (Webster) is far more common than the average Joe notices on the surface. A large amount of people wouldn’t see religious aspects in their everyday life except for those they practice and even then, most are limited to a single day if even that. With the proper lens it is possible to gaze deeper into everyday occurrences and see factors such as subliminal meanings and blatant themes that have religious values to accompanying them. This theme of religion in popular culture can be seen popular aspects of everyday life. Many religious institutions see media within popular culture as an avenue to communicate to the mass their message and/or vision.
The movie Spotlight, recounts the true events that occurred in Boston and were brought to light back in 2002. The movie talks about the massive cover-up scheme by the catholic church to conceals the fact that several priests were abusing and had abused hundreds of kids without any action from the Archdiocese. In this paper I will summarize the movie, discuss the type of victims shown in the movie, asses the risk level of the victims, and lastly relate the different theories of victimization and how each relates to the movie. The movie follows a group of journalists working at the Boston Globe, who are known as the spotlight team.