Some near eastern civilizations may consist of Egypt, Mesopotamia (Sumer, Babylon, etc. ), and Minoan civilizations. The most similar civilization to Greece is Rome. As I earlier said, the people of Greece were very connected to the Greek gods and goddesses. This helped Greece thrive due to the motivation of the “spirits”.
Ancient Greece is renowned for its development in architecture and government, and for its surviving advancements in literature. For example, the Iliad and the Odyssey are considered staples in modern literary education. In comparison, the art and architecture, also, revive the understanding of Greek’s achievements, as well as, recount the styles and techniques of the time period. The documents and arts left behind a detailed account of Greek culture, such as the religion and myths. Ancient Greece was a prosperous time, filled with accounts of philosophers and their stories, of god’s and their affairs, and of art and its legacy.
The Apollo at Delphi and Zeus at Olympia, two major cult centers, were pilgrimage sites renowned throughout the Greek world, with activities and monuments intimately linked with all Greek cities, near and far. These two sites have noticeable similarities and differences that make them unique to the early classical period. Delphi is situated on steeply sloping ground at the foot of two south-facing cliffs. Located on Delphi was the sanctuary of Apollo. The ancient holy sanctuary was a large rectangular site crammed with buildings and monuments.
She was thus also called "Argeia". The epithets "perfect", "balanced" and "wedded" were used to describe her because she was considered the protector of marriage and the marital bond. Homer depicts Hera in her dual capacity as the most important female deity, but also the official spouse of the father of the gods. The ancient Greeks believed that Athena was miraculously born out of the head of Zeus. She was first worshipped in the palaces of the Achaean rulers in the Pre-Hellenistic period.
Greeks has a significant influence on the Western Art nowadays, especially the great study human body sculptures. In fact, Greeks borrowed many ideas from Egypt and Mesopotamia which help them develop distinct artistic and architectural identity, and made many phenomenon art pieces and architecture. Therefore, people found some similarity in art pieces and sculpture. For instance, let compare two phenomenon sculptures from ancient Egyptian and Greek. The first sculpture is Portrait statue of Mentuemhet from Karnak Egypt (26th Dynasty, ca 660-650 BCE).
Many people looked to the Greek philosophers as their knowledge was well respected and their culture so influential. Some similarities can be seen between The Birth of Venus by Botticelli and Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles. Even though one is a painting and one a sculpture you can clearly see the influence of Greek and Roman art on the piece by Botticelli. The Birth of Venus was completed by Botticelli around 1485. It is said to be one of his most well-known artworks.
According to Lilian Usvat, ‘The Parthenon was built to extremely precise dimensions according to the mathematical ratios of sacred geometry 1.618 to 1. The golden ratio proportions that appear at the height of the roof support beam and in the decorative rectangular sections that run horizontally across it.” (para.1) The golden ratio technique has shown how the proportion of the Parthenon is affected. In conclusion the Parthenon is an incredible temple found in Athens Greece. Which, has been around for a while. It has great technique through its structure, repetition, and
Greek sculptural evolution concluded with the Hellenistic period, which ranged from 323 BCE to 31 BCE, ending with the Roman conquest of the Greeks. Throughout these periods, it is evident the exponential growth of the Greeks mastering figurative sculpture. During the first period, the Archaic, one can notice how much more rigid and stylized the sculptures are and the unmistakable archaic smile. A sculpture
Many ancient civilizations revolved around certain ideas or in this case mythologies. The two most well-known ancient civilizations are the Greek and Roman Empires. Greek Mythology was the collection of stories about gods in the natural world. These stories became the foundation for Roman Mythology 1000 years later. When Roman Mythology was formed the stories did not occur in the natural world, but rather in the city of Rome itself.
Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece are very well known for their impact on Architecture and design, both are well respected because of the contribution they in the world of design. However, many Roman techniques and structure are much more thought of when looking at ancient architecture. How were monumental architectural structures such as the basilica, aqueducts, amphitheatre, influenced by ancient Greece? Such influence can be clearly seen in following : Columns, Temples and Basilicas , Theaters, and Materials used. Most of these Roman structures and techniques sparked with Greek influences and became a roaring fire.