Argumentative Essay On Eugenics

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The use of scientific change such as eugenics has been used throughout society for millennia. While its history is quite dark, such as the use of eugenics during the Holocaust to eradicate those not Aryan, through scientific discovery, another type of eugenics was born. This new wave of eugenics more commonly known as genetic modification (GM) is a wave of eugenics created to focus on decreasing genetic irregularities rather than eliminating minorities. While GM has many benefits such as decreasing the amount of genetic disorders such as certain cancers, the term “eugenics” itself leads to a lot of societal discourse because of the governmental, extremist, and cultural associations of the term.
One reason why the use of eugenics should …show more content…

When these types of movements are not constantly regulated by the government, there have been known to be miscellaneous consequences. In the article it says, “China's flirtation with a national sterilization law in the 1990s faced loud foreign criticism, leading the (American and European) governments to remove "eugenics'' from the name of the proposal and include at least nominal consent ” (Barrett & Kurzman, 2004). Though many governments within the western hemisphere have had much scandal when it comes to eugenics, GM, or other controversial medical practices, it is still helpful for these different nations to overlook and provide criticism if needed before the practice becomes too hostile. Similarly, both Barrett and Kurzman and Dr. Howard Horwitz discusses the importance of government supervision. Unlike Barrett and Kurtzman’s claims, PHD and director of medical education, Howard Horwitz explains that not only should neo-eugenics be used for limiting genetic abnormalities, but also that governments throughout North America and Europe should promote the use of GM. Conflictingly, many feel that those who promote government partnership with eugenicists are looking for the ones in …show more content…

PhD in history of biology, Garland Allen discusses the movement’s underlying bias on which group is who they deem “superior” and who is not. When neo-eugenics movements gained public recognition and support, believers started wanting to use GM practices due to extremist beliefs. Neo-eugenicists claimed that laziness, insubordination, alcoholism, indolence, and irresponsibility were genetic traits existing in greater proportion in non-white than in white populations” (Allen, 1976). These groups used claims like these to persuade those in their communities that there was a reason for being against those who were non-white and why whites contributed more to society than they did. This convinced many that non-whites might as well prevent themselves from reproducing more of their group. GM movements would also use similar claims and biases against those with neurological and physical disadvantages. Professor of Latin American literature, Susan Antibei discusses the encouragement of forced sterilization and discrimination against physically and mentally disabled people. She says, “...Mental and physical properties of bodies become the natural symbols of inferiority via a process of disqualification that seems biological, not cultural—which is why disability discrimination seems to be a medical rather than a social problem” (24–25). This observation

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