There are not enough compelling reasons to make this argument. I believe that Plato believes that people are inherently good and they will do what is morally right and just for society. They will earn their right to power and ensure fairness for all to prevent the tyrants from trying to take control. Plato mentions three main arguments regarding
Mills explains Utilitarianism as achieving life’s goals, it is what everyone wants or seek for. He further explains that utilitarianism promotes the quality of life. Furthermore, utilitarianism is connected to happiness, because we all seek to achieve different goals in life, and those goals are what makes up happy. We all want certain things in life, or want to achieve certain things. Utilitarianism promotes happiness, happiness exclude pain, suffering, struggles, stress, and anything that makes one ‘unhappy’ or ‘sad’.
In “The Allegory of the Cave”, Plato concludes that the ultimate definition of “the Good” is the effort to pursue knowledge and the insight which knowledge can provide the blinded mind. In this paper, I will further analyze his definition of “the Good” and my personal views on this definition given by Plato. Through the metaphor of the cave, this definition of “the Good” covers how experiences give knowledge, how knowledge broadens perspective, and how knowledge gives a more moderate perspective which leads to good actions. I believe that through this process knowledge leads people to “the Good” for they must be able to recognize their behaviors before they can accurately judge their actions. I will provide clear examples of each of these points
“People are as happy as they make up their minds to be.” -Abraham Lincoln Happiness drives every action a person makes. It is the goal everyone seeks some secret key to, expecting an external force to magically unlock eternal joy. However, no secret key to joy exists. While material things provide temporary pleasure or sorrow, nothing in the world can ‘grant’ continual elation. Instead happiness comes from a positive mentality, where a person appreciates their blessings and strives to overcome their challenges.
Many heroes put aside their selfishness to do some good in this world we live in. Normal people can be extraordinary if they never give up, instead, being considerate, brave and determined enough that they leave a mark on others. Firstly, everyday heroes are always considerate of others and never act selfish. In the novel Messenger, the protagonist, Matty sacrifices his own life for the well being of others. When everybody was going to die, Matty,” Gave himself to it willingly” and traded his life for the life of others (Lowry 140).
This conception allows him to isolate two features of what he determines the ‘end goal’ or ‘final purpose’. The first, it being the most perfect or most complete good and the second, that it be self sufficient. This end is not a subjective object of desire. It also cannot be assumed that this human good is something which all humans pursue. Rather, it is what we should pursue and as such provides us with a standard that can normatively evaluate the good of human life.
Everyone has their own idea of what makes life meaningful and what the meaning of life is. Every life should be attempting to be meaningful, because life is the most valuable thing any person could hold, because it is priceless. Sure, money can be used to buy the necessities of life, food, shelter, and medicine and make life more comfortable. It doesn’t matter how much money a person has, they cannot buy more life or another life, making the one they have priceless. In order to take full advantage of this life, they must give it meaning.
Enlightenment itself is a concept that cultures around the world believe in and how people can master this concept. Enlightenment is an elevated understanding of life and learning how one may remove any negativity from their life. Societies view enlightenment as important because it helps people understand any and all forms of negativity never promote happiness and prosperity. One piece of literature that vividly shows this concept is Plato’s, “Allegory of the Cave.” Plato highlights how Socrates converses with Glaucon about how the man who reaches the light at the end of the cave would be free from negativity; the man discovers the truth which leads him to enlightenment. Socrates mentions that “if he called to mind his fellow prisoners and what passed for wisdom in his former dwelling-place, he would surely think himself happy in the change and be sorry for them” (Plato par.
In this “perfect” world, all the needs of the people are met. Everyone is happy, but at what cost? According to the text, in order for such a utopia to exist, certain things must be given up from the individuality that each and every person possesses to the right for people to be unhappy. For people to be controlled, it becomes easier once their identity has been taken away. Take for example the World State’s motto which can be found on the very first page of the text.
Thrasymachus believes justice is the good of another-- doing what is of advantage to the more powerful. This is a revisionary definition because this is a perversion of the word justice as it is typically associated with morality by his peers. Justice is not defined by laws the more powerful have written, but is defined by what is advantageous to the more powerful as in the example of the eulogy therefore excluding obedience as Socrates assumes he means. He offers an implicit conception of where everyone must work towards the good of the most powerful. By defining this as justice there is no need for exercising self advancing interests in order to act just.