Malaysia and Indonesia have a good relation in politics, economy and also in social. This bilateral relation also has some problem especially in territorial dispute and also in cultural war. As we known, Malaysia and Indonesia have similarity in some aspect in culture. Indonesia was claimed Rasa Sayang song and “batik” from Malaysia. They said that, it is their culture heritage.
The two countries share a similar cultural heritage, sharing many of the traditions and elements. However, disagreements over things ranging from culinary dishes to Malaysia 's national anthem has arisen. The strong feelings exist in Indonesia on the protection of the national heritage of the country (Schonhardt, 2009). The rivalry between the two countries began during the Konfrontasi after Malaysia 's independence, when Indonesia and Malaysia were almost in a state of war. Building resentment since then along with the economic success of Malaysia means these feelings are still strong in Indonesia today (Belford, Aubrey, 2009).
Why have Indonesia and Malaysia relations been negative since their independent? The international relation has been changed and shaped in several ways according to foreign affairs. Numerous of conflicted are occurring all over the world and it is impacted from many factors. Indonesia and Malaysia are the two countries that locate in Southeast Asia. They are also the two neighboring nations which share many similar aspects such as history, culture, religion and language.
Malaysia established diplomatic ties with Communist China on May 31, 1974, it was the first Southeast Asian country to do so. Today, Malaysia is a China 's biggest trading partner in the region and millions of Chinese tourist holiday in this country each year and vice versa.
Singapore and its neighbours Malaysia and Indonesia have had many turbulent times despite the short history of Singapore. One such prominent example is Singapore’s merger with Malaysia. This ended up being short-lived and Singapore separated from the peninsula in 1965 due to political and ethnic differences. (Schenk, 2013, 496) This short yet significant merger before Singapore's independence has occasionally casted a shadow over Singapore and Malaysia's bilateral ties. Other examples of events that led to tensions in the region were the konfrantasi by Indonesia between 1963-1966 as well as Singapore's dispute over Pedra Blanca Island in 2010.
After the cause of this politics change, Java grew a whole a lot more of population from around 2 million to 29 million and because of the politics they can regenerate the money that they either lose it or gain it. In 1916, the Netherlands gave the east part of Indies a degree of self-rule. And election party opened in 1918 but power was held by the governor of the Netherlands. The Indonesians who gave an advantage to most from education opportunities presented by the Ethical Period were mostly established by children. The Indonesians received a Western type of education to help them work in further experience and in increasingly large government service.
Post Soeharto Era: Emerging Democracy In this era, democracy is taken place in emerging stage. Immidiately after the transition, several reforms were carried out. Since 1999, Indonesia use the democracy with Presidential System. President in Indonesia is both head of the state and head of the government. All the ministries should give their report directly to the President, as well their feedback for President’s consideration.
And lastly, on a social point of view to bring greater harmony amongst the cultural heritage of all states primarily the malay cultural connections. Brunei did not join Malaysia. In my opinion, Brunei benefited from this action. Brunei was however in some stage was left
1Malaysia values and respects the ethnics identities of each community in Malaysia, and proudly regards them as an asset or advantage. Tun Mahathir Mohammad (4th Prime Minister) a year after the concept’s introduction, Mahathir Mohammad reportedly said he still don’t understand the concept but then he said The 1 Malaysia slogan must be explained in detail to the people of various races living in the country, to provide holistic understanding of the concept. Dato Seri Chua Soi Lek the president of MCA said it is a concept for all Malaysian to think as Malaysians. You can’t deny your own race, this is a stepping stone reduce ethnic
From this it had shown that ASEAN as the main regional association in Southeast Asia had certainly played its role in trying to solve the issue of environment in Southeast Asia. However, there are still areas of which ASEAN had been unable to play its role (PLS REVISE!!!!) and this had affected the international relations in Southeast