Executive order 12333 issued by President Ronald Reagan, found in the U.S. National Archives, stated that “timely and accurate information about the activities, capabilities, plans, and intentions of foreign powers, organizations, and persons and their agents, is essential to the national security of the United States. All reasonable and lawful means must be used to ensure that the United States will receive the best intelligence available.” The rationale behind the executive order was to ensure that the United States, through the operation of the NSA and within reasonable legal bounds, have power to keep the nation’s interests protected from harmful foreign and domestic intrusions and attacks. The executive order clearly stipulated that the collection of such information must be conducted within legal bounds and reasonable means, therefore reinforcing the core notion of compliance to the law, and that no one person or agency had the power to act beyond it. Though it is true that, under the program, the government is able to acquire a large volume of business records containing telephony metadata, but according to the Justice Department, it is consistent with the governing Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court orders, which authorizes the program to use and analyze the information only under highly restricted circumstances.
The successful execution of the concepts found in Expeditionary Force 21 (EF21) reside in the ability of the Marine Corps to candidly assess the current state of the operating forces and operational needs while planning to future requirements. Shifting our focus towards the next fight will require, not an overhaul, but the refinement of how the service organizes to fight and operate with joint, and multinational, partners. This is rooted in the understanding that the Marine Corps must adjust its forward deployed posture in order to support the ability to respond across the range of military operations. Deciding where and when to deploy and how to organize in preparation for future challenges, while critical, will solely exist as an intellectual
Critical Infrastructure Protection [Name of Writer] [Name of Institution] Critical Infrastructure Protection 1. Interpret the Department of Homeland Security‘s mission, operations and responsibilities. The department of homeland security is responsible for ensuring a secure and safe homeland against acts of terrorism. The key elements of the department’s mission include: • Security • Resilience • Customs and Exchange
As citizens of this great nation, “we, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility,” must not only accept our duties and responsibilities but also we must carry out these duties and responsibilities on a daily basis no matter the kryptonite we face as challenges. I think Theodore Roosevelt said it best concerning the importance of maintaining active super citizenship, “The first requisite of a good citizen in this republic of ours is that he shall be able and willing to pull his own weight.” As American citizens, we do have great power and great responsibility to uphold, to represent, and to defend our nation’s constitution by maintaining and displaying active citizenship. What does it mean to be an active
Federalism is about maintaining territorial differences within an overarching political system. Its principles reflect this orientation. Federalism seeks to provide the benefits of unity without sacrificing the advantages of local autonomy, community choice and diversity within a nation. It allows different governments to offer different policy mixes or types of services to match local needs and preferences. Australia has adapted cooperative federalism that highlights the intersection between the two reform dynamics – substantial policy reform and reforming the institutional structures of federalism – that has presented the greatest opportunity to improve the operation of the country’s federation.
In accomplishing this mission, prevention is the first imperative of justice. Crime prevention, however, is a multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, and integrated endeavour. The term National Security must be viewed in its broadest context in that it is more than just dealing with military threats. It must be viewed as safety from chronic threats and protection from sudden disruptions in the patterns of daily life.
To take the socio-economic life within the peacebuilding context; the western model which characterized by democracy, human rights, free markets, development, a vibrant civil society, and multilateralism. And the western donor led seeks to successfully immunize countries against uprisings by ensuring control over the economic, political, and military spheres through development aid, supporting sympathetic elites, and military assistance. In fact, peacebuilding policies and practices which have assisted in securing the population and
The political system of Guam needs to be addressed. Will the United States grant Guam statehood? The American military presence in Guam is fundamental in ensuring that the United States maintains a strong foothold in the Pacific theater of operations. The deployment of the THAAD missile system is essential for the protection of the United States’ military assets. Guam’s economy is highly influenced by the American military presence and tourism.
When the role of the state is to attain power to remain an influential figure in burgeoning international relations, it is essential for Yoshiaki to seize control of Japan away from the illegitimate ruler Nobunaga. By applying Social Constructivism, we can understand that Yoshiki 's actions are not only important for maintaining state security, but also paramount for maintaining the belief that Japan is a competent state. Yoshikai must control, or at least attempt to control, Japan in order for the country to appear stable. With powerful opposing factions, like Nobunaga, the credibility of Japan would languish. Similarly, when we consider Liberalism, we can see that the rise of a powerful military force under Nobunaga would lead smaller independent states to seek to collaborate in an attempt to prevent the spread of the Oda clan, and to ultimately protect their own
There is a basic need to look at the assurances and vulnerabilities of the local and world vitality circumstances, and to detail a viable and practical way for the army bases ' vitality future. The military should promptly start to consider the short and long haul issues required in creating continuing vitality approaches and answers for its establishments. To manage its main goal and guarantee its capacity to venture and bolster the strengths, the military must protect itself from the financial and calculated vitality related issues coming in the close to mid future. This requires a move to cutting edge, secure, and proficient vitality frameworks, and to building innovations that are protected and natural well disposed. These free market activity side difficulties require astute arranging and execution, and coordinated arrangements.
The Federal Law Enforcement Agency (FLEA) is a national security and law enforcement agency that uses, collects, and shares intelligence with a mission to protect the American People and uphold the Constitution of the United Sates. This report was prepared by the Southern Independent Consultants, Inc. (SIC), Fayetteville, Georgia, and provides a perspective on the FLEA current/existing organizational strategies, stressed test against the Law Scenarios to 2030. The Law Scenarios to 2030 is based on the premise that prospective thinking is not only desirable, but also necessary in order to ensure that laws and legal systems do not become obsolete, ineffective or unjust. The Law
Since September 11, 2001, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was made as an immediate reaction to the assaults on that day. The divisions mission is to avert terrorism and upgrade security, oversee U.S. outskirts, managing movement laws, securing the internet, and guaranteeing debacle versatility. To encourage these missions, DHS has organizations, office, and dictorates that consider a far reaching and versatile division to battle fear, react to acts in an opportune way, and ensure the U.S. against all demonstrations of dread. There are investigation 's of the organizations that encourage these goals and how they bolster the aggregate DHS lawful mission.
The rule of law is reflected as a core principle of our nation and vital to ordered liberty. To rightly govern the American rule of law it is essential to acknowledge the continuity between the American Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. The United States of America “government” is framed by these two important documents. The principles of the Declaration of Independence constitute the foundation of the government based on the universal equality of all human beings, and the U.S. Constitution founds the political process that is to be followed by the elected officials in governing the people. One cannot be without the other; both are essential for a stable government.