There is a basic model that helps create a prognosis on possible substance abuse disorders. This goes from exposure of the substance use, to substance dependence. The basic premise is that cultural and psychological influences the beginning use of substances. As psychological stressors are associated with the substance, then it leads to substance abuse. The biological and psychological influences will lead to substance dependence. Paul and Alex have followed this model, with Alex as the one with the likely prognosis. The basic premise of the model could lead to a lot of questions. What are psychological influences, or stressors? The major psychological influences are positive and negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is when an event increases after a certain behavior. Negative reinforcement is when something unwanted is removed after a behavior. The psychological stressors are connected with biological influences. How can a person determine the biological influences associated with substance abuse leading to dependence? This is noticed by the sensitivity to the substance, and the amount of substance necessary to receive a response. It is also associated with mood disorders or anxiety. …show more content…
There are many factors that influence people on a regular basis, and it is important to understand when it is time to stop. Many people believe that it will not happen to them, but it can easily happen to anyone. In this age college students may have the highest likelihood of crossing the threshold to drug abuse. When a friend first turned twenty-one she was continually at bars, with friends. She also would drink by herself on a regular basis in order to feel relaxed. Her alcohol tolerance became very high, and sometimes she would drink all night without ‘feeling a buzz’. This scared her closest friends, and it was likely that if she had continued on this path she would have become dependent on
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In conclusions, an individual can be addicted to drugs when certain circumstances are developed. Angel’s addiction is probably one of the many people who have dealt with a similar situation. The fact that she was homeless and isolated made her vulnerable to abusing drugs. She becomes an addict from taking crack cocaine because it help her relieve her pain from loneliness, and gives pleasure so she could escape from her bitter reality. Her drug addiction has become so severe that she could not live without it.
HMS 105 Exam 9 question 1 Discuss differences and similarities between the social learning model and the cognitive-behavioral model. Intro Recovery is not an easy process. A person is detoxing from the physical dependence of their substance of choice. Recovery doesn’t end after detox is complete.
This is understandable as often this is when students have moved away from home and have the freedom to do what they want without their parents present. Some high-risk drinking events tend to be more prevalent in young adulthood. For example, homecoming, athletic events, spring break, pregame partying, and graduations have all been associated with excessive drinking among college students. This goes to show how the younger generation is very willing to drink. In 2002 the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse issed a Call to Action to adress drinking on college campuses, based on findings of an expert panel.
By understanding how genetic factors influence drug addiction, clinicians can develop personalized treatment plans that are tailored to individual needs. For instance, some individuals may not respond well to certain medications or therapies due to genetic differences. By identifying these differences and developing personalized treatments, individuals can receive the most effective treatment options that yield the best outcomes. 3. Prevention
My experience with my own family’s history of alcohol and drug addiction, with additional firsthand accounts of people 's stories of their family struggles of addiction, I feel that the Dispositional Model is the best fit with my personal option of people having the disease of alcoholism. Numerous scientific studies reveal that alcohol and drug dependence runs in families. A number of different genetic and biological factors make someone more or less vulnerable to becoming an addict. Even with the addictive nature of drugs and alcohol you have the other factors of the environment, the individual and argent at hand. Although everyone has the potential for addiction some people are more predisposed to addiction than others.
Life is filled with ups and downs, but you need to push through and think of the positive things in your life, rather than focusing on the bad moments. Drinking can come from pressure, you always have the option to say no, but it’s up to you to make the right choice. Like Junior, I also worry about losing someone to drinking. My brother is in high school, and I know that some people start drinking at this very young age. On the weekends I always stay up until he gets home just to make sure he is ok.
ALCOHOLISM How many times have you heard about the consequences of alcoholism? Have you taken them into account? Alcoholism is one of the major problems in society. People don’t take it so seriously but it actually is a disease. The effects of this disease are really serious.
College Students’ Exposure to Alcohol Drinking Drinking alcoholic beverages among college students is widely common nowadays in this generation. Several reasons can be recognized why students drink alcohol. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence Inc, (2016), improving self-confidence, altering own identity (to adapt), curiosity, lack of parental advice, problems of daily living, running away from family dilemma, experiencing academic difficulty and other mental-related problems drive the teenagers to drink alcohol. Considering the reasons stated above, these can be some of the many ways how young people manage with their personal, emotional and social problems that they are experiencing.
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008).