Explain Two Alternative Frameworks For Understanding Mental Distress

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• Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or panic, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person's response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
• Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders
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• These classifications do not account for people who have ‘atypical’ symptoms or those that do not clearly follow the ‘script.
• Critics claim that categorical systems reduce humans to one-dimensional sources of data rather than encouraging practitioners to treat the whole person.
• Critics also see these systems as tools for social control – giving mental health professionals control over people’s lives.

3. Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress.
These are:
a) Biological: The parts of the model are made up with: The functioning of an individual’s body The individual’s biological history – DNA, Bloodline, genetic The chemical balance and processes of an individual’s brain. b) Psychological:
This part of the model is made up with: The cognitive functions and behaviours Disorders of thinking and reasoning i.e. self-control Perception and Motivation.

4. Explain how mental ill health may be indicated through an individual’s emotions, thinking and behaviour.
Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviours. Signs and symptoms
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