Review different biological and psychological treatments for two personality disorders. What treatment approaches are useful for those specific personality disorders? Discuss long-term outcomes for a person with a personality disorder. A personality is a combination characteristics or qualities that form an individual 's distinctive character (McLeod, 2014). A person’s personality is defined by habitual behaviors, with cognitive and emotional patterns that factor into the biological and environmental factors.
3. The symbolic interactionist perspective (mirco level) The symbolic interactionist perspective focuses on sickness as a social construction rather than simply a medical condition. It is concerned with how people develop shared meanings of health and sickness through ongoing interactions. From this perspective, people develop their subjective notions of different sicknesses. In some cases, they might have misconceptions and attach negative labels to certain conditions such as mental disorders or disability, resulting in the creation of stigma.
GAD is psychological impairment that worries patients excessively and interfere with their social functioning. People with anxiety worry about future events, that leads them into feeling physical symptoms as shakiness (Porter, 2015). There are six different type of anxiety, which are the following: generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and panic disorder (Porter, 2015). Some characteristics of this disorder are: excessive worrying, trouble sleeping, hot flashes, nausea, and tension. This leads to some of the challenges they face like, for physical domains people with anxiety can suffer from muscle weakness.
My understanding is that anyone who is stressed can then go on to suffer anxiety, when this is not dealt with the issue can then turn into a phobia. All these issues are very closely linked and this shows that there is a need to find the root cause of it, and how it is affecting the client’s life. 2. Understand how to treat stress, anxiety and phobias using hypnotherapy 2.1 Explain the limitations of hypnotherapeutic treatment for stress, anxieties and phobias The limitations of treatment for stress, anxiety and phobias using hypnotherapy are that they are not a quick fix for someone’s problem. If they are suffering with stress, anxiety or phobias there may be a lot of work involved in getting to the root cause of what is causing these symptoms from the ISE initial sensitising event, and the client needs to be made aware of this.
In The Myth of Mental Illness, Thomas S. Szasz argued that mental illness does not exist. He claimed that mental illness is not a literal “thing” and it is only a metaphor for human problems in their daily lives. Therefore, he believed that mental illness is just a myth. However, Szasz claimed that the definition of mental illness should be changed. He believed that we should look into mental illness from a different perspective.
It is often referred to as ?psychological acupressure?. The blockages are the source of emotional intensity and discomfort. Blockages, in addition to emotionally challenging situations will most lead limiting beliefs and behaviors and inability to live life harmoniously (The Energy Therapy Center). All negative emotions are felt through a disruption of the body?s energy. And physical pain and disease are intricately connected to negative emotions.
As a member of society, one is expected to relate to others in a mutually understandable ways and be able to engage in the day-to-day obligations and roles. However, such expectations exceed the person’s physical as well as psychological capacities that may hinder them from presenting themselves conventionally and to act as they want and have to (GERMOV). Hence, society may see them as differing from norm and can be perceived as being mentally ill as illustrated by Psychiatrist Thomas Szasz in his influential book The Myth of Mental Illness (Perone, 2014). Moreover, from a sociological theorist perspective Talcott Parsons, illness is viewed as form of deviance and described illness from a sociological terms as failing in some way to fulfil
The Transactional Theory of Stress and Coping was developed by American psychologist Richard S. Lazarus. It is used to analyze the complex processes individuals undergo in coping with stressful life experiences. The core assumption of this theory is that coping is a process wherein adaptational outcomes are determined by how individuals appraise stressful experiences, the coping styles that are employed by the individual, and how dispositional and situational factors serve as mediating variables (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Lazarus, 1999). In early traditional approaches, studies have primarily focused on examining the causal relationship between stress and coping. For example, animal experimentations conceptualized stress as a physiological drive that is triggered by negative environmental stimuli.
The stereotypes often make the mentally ill seem like a danger to society which has negative impacts on how they are treated in the real world. Although mental illness is recognized by the government and insurance alike as a medical condition, the general public continues to stigmatize those suffering from mental disorders such as anxiety and depression as merely moody. As there are biological and environmental links to many disorders, people should not treat those suffering with fear or disgust, but instead like any other person. If we were to educate people about mental health we could help to limit the stigma and encourage people suffering to acknowledge it and come forward to help them lead a healthier life. There is a lot of medical evidence to support the existence of mental illness, and this one simple fact should encourage people to look at it differently.
How can a person determine the biological influences associated with substance abuse leading to dependence? This is noticed by the sensitivity to the substance, and the amount of substance necessary to receive a response. It is also associated with mood disorders or anxiety.
This is a trait theory to explain personality. Each dimension of this model is important but I think that neuroticism is the main factor in bipolar. But I believe that each factor can affect the mental state of an individual. People who are high in neuroticism prone to be emotionally unstable. They tend to have difficulty maintaining social relationships, and have problems learning.
An OT may see shock, anxiety, fear on clients with chronic disorders with acute onset. These psychosocial issues are experiences are influenced by person, cultural and social demographics. In some cases, psychosocial issues don’t surface right away after the onset of the illness or disability. In other cases, the onset of the injury or disability cause individuals to feel depression and a change in self-concept. OT’s need to be flexible and knowledge about psychosocial issues so they can create a good client- therapist relationship.
This can range from feeling irritable to shortness of breath. Where anxiety becomes a serious point of contention is when the feelings interfere with a person 's daily living. Sometimes, you will find that anxiety is the result that occurs from post-traumatic stress disorder. For example, if a person experienced a bad car accident. Luckily, you can treat both depression and anxiety using therapy and medication.
Gentile et al. (2013) says that altered personalities are less likely to occur while in the room with the psychiatrist, maybe because there is a decreased level of stress in this setting or alternatively because the psychiatrist is not inquiring about such symptoms; the personalities usually come out during periods of stress due to the fact that it was why the personalities were created to begin with. The article addressed developmental occurrences and how the personalities may have come to be during these certain developmental stages. “Early maltreatment experiences can produce various outcomes; this is a multifactorial process, which will be managed differently by individuals based on many elements … quality and severity of the maltreatment. The age of the individual at the time of the abuse is also a critical component due to the developmental processes that, under other circumstances, would normally occur at that time” (Gentile et al., 2013).