In today’s society, substance abuse is a serious issue that has many explanations as to why it occurs. Peer pressure, boredom, rebellion, etc., are all common examples of why a person uses drugs and alcohol but there is more depth to it. Individuals will often get blamed or judged on the actions they perform and do not usually think of society itself as a factor. There are relatively stable patterns of social relations that contribute to the values and decisions of humans. Three levels of social structures that surround and permeate us are macrostructures, microstructures, and patriarchy. The three main theories that are most relevant to substance abuse are functionalism, social-conflict, and symbolic-interactionism which only focus on micro …show more content…
Functionalism is usually analyzed as macrostructure which includes things like school systems and economic factors that can have an influence on substance abuse. From a functionalist perspective, someone can be using drugs and alcohol abusively based on issues in their social life. Society has this norm where people are required to work to be able to live comfortably independently. There are people who balance work and school which becomes stressful but they are required to work for financial support and they need education for a better future so they are forced to do it. With these heavy responsibilities, a person seeks leisure during their time off. A student in university for example has the weekend off work, after writing all their midterms attends a party where drugs and alcohol are available, easily accessible, and consumed because of factors like social acceptance or to fit in and to avoid the feeling of being an outcast while everyone else is under the influence. They reflect on the stressful week they just had with work and school so they seek alternative routes to happiness and try to cope with their stress and problems by temporarily being in a different state of mind because society projects that partying and substance abuse brings happiness. Later on it becomes a regret once addiction takes its roll. The problem with drugs and alcohol is that for many people it is acceptable. For many years, …show more content…
Those with the highest social standards financially, culturally or just socially in general are perceived as the most powerful and influential. Most crime shown in the media consists of minority groups which sometimes illegal substances are a factor. An example of a social-conflict theory influence on substance abuse is in the work force that includes the bourgeoisie versus the lower class proletariats. In the 19th century, there was a cultural hegemony in the work force between the white bourgeoisie and the minority proletariats. Lots of alcohol and tobacco were consumed by these white capitalists and today is socially acceptable. Today, there is not much difference; the whites are CEO’s and the minorities, usually immigrants with no chance of being more than proletariats, are the working class who are making their fair incomes, but their main task in the end of the day is to create the dream for the CEO’s. Many of these minority proletariats work long hours, contemplating their life, go home to their lower class neighbourhoods after a long day of work where these illegal substances are more likely available so they use them to cope with stress, while the capitalists are out legally drinking and having fun on their expensive vacations. Karl Marx, a famous social-conflict theorist believed that the only solution for an ideal
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Many people think being lonely and depression it's okay for them to drink and use drugs but in reality it's just making them worse cause then they will become addicted to drugs and drinking just doing that just makes their whole life miserable. For example,Loneliness or depression can result in using alcohol or drugs to deal with those feelings. Turning to the “comfort” of alcohol or drugs becomes a way of coping with feeling alone, unloved, rejected, and confused – it’s a way to numb that pain). Instead of people trying to help them they will just treat them like trash and will not even try to help
The World Wide Problems of Addiction: Genetics vs. Environmental Factors or Both Chasen L. Edge Georgia Military College PSYC 200 – Introduction to Psychology The World Wide Problems of Addiction: Genetics vs. Environmental Factors or Both Why do we need to know the exact cause of addictions? Are they genetically related? Are they environmentally related or a combination of both? The answers to the questions would certainly contribute in seeking help and controlling the addiction.
Drug abuse can result from other social problems in society like poverty and inequality. Functionalists believe that a certain amount of drug use actually helps society function as a whole for both drug users and the criminal justice system. Drug use is a reaction to
Society has left an invisible impact on how we perceive the college lifestyle as a whole. This ranges from the belief that all students are sleep deprived from staying up too late to finish their homework. Also the sociological acceptance that college is the place to party and drink every single weekend. Theirs a sociological point of view and how society has played a key part in underage drinking being accepted in college towns. Not just limited to the effects of alcohol on a student’s wellbeing; also, the short term and long term conditions that can arise from binge drinking.
The legalization of drugs has been at the center of interminable debate. Drugs have widely been perceived as a dominant threat to the moral fabric of society. Drug use has been attributed as the source responsible for a myriad of key issues. For instance, it is believed that drugs have exacerbated the already weak status of mental health in the United States in which some individuals suffering from mental illness administer illicit substances such as heroin or cocaine in an attempt to self-medicate. Moreover, drugs are blamed for turning auspicious members of the community into worthless degenerates.
There are many factors that influence people on a regular basis, and it is important to understand when it is time to stop. Many people believe that it will not happen to them, but it can easily happen to anyone. In this age college students may have the highest likelihood of crossing the threshold to drug abuse. When a friend first turned twenty-one she was continually at bars, with friends. She also would drink by herself on a regular basis in order to feel relaxed.
The term substance abuse is predominately used to signify an unhealthy and devitalizing obsession on a mind-altering chemical substance. In addition, it is most often used to refer to illegal drugs as well as legal, regulated substances such as prescription medications and alcohol. Drug abuse is usually considered a punishable offence by many countries and is also regarded as being personally and socially detrimental. Three major sociological paradigms including functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism delve in to the world of addiction as well as the controversies that surround this social issue.
Substance abuse, also known as Drug abuse, is very prevalent in many countries. A drug is any substance that modifies the body’s normal functioning. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a drug as any substance or product that modifies the behavior of a person for the benefit of the recipient. Substance abuse, on the other hand, is the drug use other than for the intended purpose in a manner that damages the physical functioning of the body. Substance abuse is a rampant problem in the United States.
Literature Review Substance Use Disorder Defined According to the American Psychological Association, the definitional boundaries of what addiction is has changed multiple times over the years. Addiction was relabeled dependence in 1964 by the World Health Organization, as it thought that the word addiction closely linked to opiate use. A few years ago, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was released and combined the diagnostic categories for substance abuse and substance dependence (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). These diagnoses have replaced the term with substance use disorders.
Measurements demonstrate that drug abuse is a developing issue among teenagers. Drugs should be forbidden all over the world because for teenagers it destroys their social life. On the other hand, many teenagers believe that it should remain because it helps them to cover from painful memories in their past. Despite the many causes and effects of drug abuse, two of the main causes are Lack of parent to child communication and low self-esteem and two of the main effects are Health problems and Behavioral problems.
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008).
One of the factors that cause crime in our society is the abuse of drugs and alcohol. They alter natural chemicals that a brain produces to help people think, feel, and make decisions. The consumption of these chemicals can affect a person both now and in the future because of the of the crimes that they