In Lincoln 's inaugural speech he said "This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their 'constitutional ' right of amending it or they are 'revolutionary ' right to dismember or overthrow it"(Abraham Lincoln 's First Inaugural Address). The 12th of April 1861, the Civil War began. There were many conflicts between the two sides. Many believe it was a fight for the rights and freedom of slaves, so what was the main cause of the Civil War was the issue of states rights and the preservation of the Union than rather than the issue of slavery.
Violence erupted while the second election was taking place. Lawrence, Kansas was looted and burned by pro-slavery settlers. In response, John Brown and his anti-slavery followers captured and brutally hacked five pro-slavery men to death. Again, the pro-slavery settlers won and anti-slavery settlers charged them with fraud a second time. At the end of the third election, anti-slavery settlers outnumbered the pro-slavery settlers and Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state.
“The war that ensued started at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, and lasted four years”(Confederate.., pg1). The North and South were quite different, so during the Civil war, each side had advantages politically, socially, economically, and demographically. One of the Advantages the North had was Political. The South seceded from the Union because they feared the end to slavery, so when they left the union they had no government. After all of the states seceded, they announced the creation of the Confederate States of America.
The Unions territory was the Northern states but there were some Southerners that fought with the Union. The Union was comprised of 20 free states that fought with them in pursuit of their beliefs. The Confederacy was led by President Jefferson Davis and Vice-President Alexander H. Stephens (“The First Battle of Manassas” 3 of 4). Even though the war was basically over slavery the Southern states had slaves to fight with them because they felt like the North was attacking their homeland too. The Confederacy was never recognized as a country even though they had 11 states on their side with the same beliefs and goals.
Later Texas would go on to join the South and the Confederacy. Texas played a major part in the Civil War and The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 caused a big stir not only to the Southern border states, but also to Texas. Texas was pretty much a slave state so the election of Abraham Lincoln brought belief to the Texans that slavery might get abolished. At the time, Texas and all the Southern states were still
Most Free-States colonists were antislavery but also anti-black; the Browns however believed in complete equality for black and were firm to fight for it. This period of political conflict over the matter of slavery is known as bleeding Kansas. Moreover, on May 21, 1856, ruffians robbed the new anti-slavery Town of Lawrence. When the news of the incident of Lawrence reached Brown’s station the Pottawatomie Rifle, which consisted of thirty-four men departed for the surround town but when they finally arrived it was too late. Furthermore, another mayor event that happened in in the capital building was the attack of the abolitionist Charles Sumner after denounced the “slave power” of committing “the rape of a virgin Territory” (94).
Many black people were killed in the rebellion. 55 African americans died during the rebel ( history.com). Close to 200 black people were killed in mobs(history.com). 16 other slaves were hung with Nat Turner after he was discovered ( history.com ). Many of the black people did not die in vain because they were standing up for what they believed in.
Numerous Americans, as well as at the time Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, opposed the war and questioned whether the fight began on American soil and was provoked by Polk’s men. After Congress overwhelmingly permitted the declaration of war on May 13, the United States entered the war at odds on their views. Democrats most favoured the quarrel while most Whigs thought that Polk’s intentions were irrational land grabbing. The focal problem that existed was whether Polk had the right to unilaterally declare that a state of war existed. This problem endured well into the conflict taking place.
Civil war was one of the bloodiest and destructive wars in American history. It was defined as the war between the states. This war brought many positive and negative changes to America which resulted in many consequences. When Abraham Lincoln became the first republican president who was against the concept of slavery, many southern states separated and formed a new nation. Abraham’s promise was that he would not allow the United States to be broken down to small, squabbling countries.
The Importance of the Civil War The Civil War was important for many different reasons. It was the start of the end of slavery and it would help to preserve the union. The war started when the north and south had been fighting and arguing over politics and laws. Each wanted something different. Before the Civil War Officially began Lincoln was elected president of the United States.
The issues that eventually led to the secession of the southern states had been brewing for a considerable amount of time. Most people want to say that the reason for the war was slavery, while yes that was an issue it don’t start the war and wasn’t brought up into a little ways in to the war. One of the biggest issues that truly led to the states seceding was the debate over States’ rights. There had been a debate for years on if the federal government had the right to pass laws reversed laws already in place at state level, going far back as 1798. Although most people claim that the southerners were trying to break up the union, It was more of a case of the south trying to stand up to the federal government and saying that the laws that they pass within the state do matter.