Due to building tension between the abolitionists and the pro-slavery parties Kansas turned into a very violent place. In May of 1856, a pro-slavery mob reeked havoc on the town of Lawrence, stealing property, demolishing buildings, and even setting the governor’s home on fire. Two days after the attack on Lawrence, a man named John Brown set out for vengeance.
Countless citizens in the 1840s and 1850s, feeling a sense of mission, believed that Almighty God had “manifestly’’ destined the American people for a hemispheric career. They would spread their uplifting and ennobling democratic institutions over at least the entire continent. Land greed and ideals—“empire’’ and “liberty’’—were thus conveniently conjoined. 14. What political party cost Henry Clay the popular vote in the state of New York, & what is ironic about Polk’s election in 1844 regarding this party’s position on Texas?
Not surprisingly powerful people and governments still try to dictate where people can and cannot settle. This is evident in the case of the Texas Mexico border. After the United States acquired a large swath of land from France in the Louisiana Purchase, the Mexican government encouraged thousands of citizens to settle in north Mexico. The thinking was that this would create a buffer zone in the event that the United States would try to settle in the region. However, this backfired as the settlers, in what is now Texas, declared independence in 1836.
When President James K. Polk arrived in office in 1845, his ideal was determined to acquire the additional territory from Mexico. Polk believed that obtaining the lightly inhabited Mexican land that stretched from Texas to California was vital to the future of the United States. After the trouble that occurred while trying to buy the land from Mexico, Polk ordered American troops under Zachary Taylor to march to the Rio Grande River. When fighting erupted, Polk, claiming that Mexico fired first, went to congress to declare war on Mexico. Numerous Americans, as well as at the time Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, opposed the war and questioned whether the fight began on American soil and was provoked by Polk’s men.
After a year of independence from Mexico, Texas approached the United States about the possibility of being admitted to the Union as a slave-state. Fearing the wrath of Mexico and not wanting to disrupt the balance in the Senate, America declined Texas’ offer. Although, during the election of 1844 James K. Polk ran on a platform that embraced American territorial expansionism. Polk won the election and six days before he took office, the U.S. Congress approved the annexation of Texas. But, before Texas was an American state, there was tension amongst Texans and .
The cartoon states that the events that happened in Kansas were forced. Pro-slavery settlers poured into Kansas to sway the votes in their favor, turning Kansas into a slave-state. The cartoon shows Democrats pushing slavery into the anti-slavery Kansas citizen. Behind them lays the violence that Bleeding Kansas brought. The Southern newspaper editorials treated John Brown’s raid as if he is trying to undo the natural fabrics of American society.
The annexation of Texas occurred in the early 1800’s. American colonists were expanding into the Northern sector of the Rio Grande, which developed the need for Texas to become a part of the United States. In the South, the people supported the drive toward the annexation of Texas, but the Northerners opposed this idea. Texas was another slave state and the nature of their society did not appear appealing to the North. Therefore, William Ellery Channing wrote a letter to the Senator of Texas, Henry Clay in 1837.
Slave owners brought slaves even though it was Slave-free land. In 1846,North of the Rio Grande,Captain Seth Thornton and his 70 soldiers were attacked by a larger mexican force.Annexation: expand border to include something. The Mexican President, James Polk believed in Manifest destiny, meaning, it was God’s plan to spread the border across the Pacific (Rodent 317). A hundred years later United States did expand over time.Most people who didn’t believe in God underestimated God’s plan.Polk knew that God had a plan for the border. Polk wanted to annex Texas and California meaning he wanted to include those two states.
Justified is defined as having, done for, or marked by a good or legitimate reason. Texas won its independence in 1836. America’s wars are often very controversial. The United States was justified in going to war with Mexico because of three main reasons: Americans were killed, Texas was already annexed, and Manifest Destiny allows it. In 1836 Texas declared its independence.
However, many claim these acts of violence are a civil wars. These tension were caused by political, economic, and oppression from northern Sudanese over the southern Sudanese. The United States denounced the civil war, and declared that a genocide was currently taking place in Darfur. However, little was done. The Sudan government continued equipping nomadic Arab tribesmen encouraging them to raid non-Arab tribes and shelters.
Most Free-States colonists were antislavery but also anti-black; the Browns however believed in complete equality for black and were firm to fight for it. This period of political conflict over the matter of slavery is known as bleeding Kansas. Moreover, on May 21, 1856, ruffians robbed the new anti-slavery Town of Lawrence. When the news of the incident of Lawrence reached Brown’s station the Pottawatomie Rifle, which consisted of thirty-four men departed for the surround town but when they finally arrived it was too late. Furthermore, another mayor event that happened in in the capital building was the attack of the abolitionist Charles Sumner after denounced the “slave power” of committing “the rape of a virgin Territory” (94).
Violence erupted while the second election was taking place. Lawrence, Kansas was looted and burned by pro-slavery settlers. In response, John Brown and his anti-slavery followers captured and brutally hacked five pro-slavery men to death. Again, the pro-slavery settlers won and anti-slavery settlers charged them with fraud a second time. At the end of the third election, anti-slavery settlers outnumbered the pro-slavery settlers and Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state.
Due to the uprising, the Janjaweed continued to make their ways through different towns and villages to help make their regime stronger. According to Brenden Koener (2005), the Janjaweed would “inhabited by members of the African tribes from which the rebel armies draw their strength—the Zaghawa, Masalit, and Fur tribes.” The Sudan government support the Janjaweed group in killing black Africans that are predominantly largest in the Darfur region. The group have killed more than 30,000 people in the first year of the war. The government helping a group like the Janjaweed to terrorize the people is disgusting and has gotten many attentions around the world. The United Nations heard of the action that is being done to the people and stated that the action is inhuman.