This is where the injury to the brain is caused by an alternative condition other than a traumatic injury to the brain itself. Examples of these conditions are in instances where the brain is deprived of oxygen in which cases brain tissue begins to die. It can also be a condition in which the brain tissue is directly attacked. Specific examples would include a stroke, heart attack, drug overdose or severe brain infections such as meningitis, just to mention a few. Finally, the vegetative state can be a as a result of progressive brain damage.
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
Cerebral Palsy is caused by brain injuries or brain malformation that occurs before during or after birth that affects the brain's development. There are many ways to prevent Cerebral Palsy according to which category it falls into. There are three categories, congenital, acquired and genetic predisposition. Congenital cases are the result of brain damage before the child is born and often happens because of birth complications. It can be acquired in multiple ways such as having a stroke or being in a car accident and it may also be the effect of shaken-baby-syndrome, it can also happen because of an infection or condition that slows down the blood flow to the brain.
On the other, the body stays unharmed while it slowly loses the mind, both are equally devastating. These diseases are caused by repetitive concussions & brain trauma. These can be obtained by participating in physical sports that involve being struck on the head. These are the risk that a person must be willing to consider when making decisions to be active in sports. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, known as ALS & most
Studies have been made into why childhood trauma affects the adult life of its victim. But now, researchers have begun to reveal what happens in the brain following this kind of trauma. Trauma can cause lasting changes in the areas of the brain that deal with stress, namely the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal
Non-epileptic Seizures occurs with an injury to the head or an illness. Partial Seizures is a condition that causes repeated seizures. Generalized Seizures takes place on both sides of the brain. Anything that affects the body also may disturb the brain and lead to a seizure. For example, fever, brain defect present at birth, brain infection, stroke,
The posterior lip of the tibia usually fractured, the fragment may be large or small. Also included is an avulsion of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deltoid ligament the Weber type C is characterized by a fibular fracture that is entirely above the level of the tibial plafond. A large or small posterior lip fracture often accompanies this injury, as does medial malleolar avulsion or deltoid ligament ruptured. (19) The Lauge Hansen classification was developed to describe cadaver fracture patterns. The first part of the terminology refers to the foot position when the forces start, and the second refers to the major force that is transmitted to the foot.
Information conveyed through the nervous system moves along networks of cells called neurons. These neurons can only send information one way. Those transmitting to the brain are sensory neurons; those that transmit from the brain are known as motor neurons. The nervous system can suffer from a number of afflictions, including cancer (e.g., brain tumors). Other problems include multiple sclerosis, in which damaged nerves prevent signals from traveling along them, and meningitis, which causes an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
In all of these cases, the brain is taken by the momentum of the MOI (mechanism of injury) and is effectively shaken. This stretches blood vessels and may damage cranial nerves. This is what is commonly referred to as a concussion. Some signs and symptoms of a concussion are identifiable impairment to sight and movement. The person may feel dazed, disoriented,
The severity of a fracture is usually determined by the force that caused the break. The bone may fissure rather than break all the way through, if the breaking point of the bone has been exceeded only slightly. If the force is much more than the breaking point, such as in an automobile crash or a gunshot, the bone may splinter into pieces. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it leads to an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly caused
The cause of a concussion can be from a contact sport, a car accident, or even a kid falling on a playground. A concussion can cause loss of consciousness but most patients that have a consussion do not loose consciousness. A blow to the head, neck, or upper body can cause you brain to hit the walls of the skull violently. All concussions cause injury
This disease breaks down the coating of nerve fibers or axons, those are called Myelin Sheath. This disease also breaks down brain cells, which are imperative for everyday functioning and intelligence. Symptoms of this disease include, developmental mental delay, seizures, stiff limbs, Optic atrophy: wasting of a muscle of the eye, resulting in vision difficulties, deafness, irritability, spasms, and ataxia which is the