The Roman empire was a republic that included the votes of the poor as well as the wealthy, and although the poor could never hold political office, the wealthy knew better than to lord their power over the commoners within the empire. It was their ideals and principles on country first and above all that kept the empire bonded together under one nation as opposed to many city-states. The Republic of Rome begin
According to Diffen (n.d), “the Athenian form of electing a government was called limited democracy while the Sparta form was called oligarchy with an inclusion of elements of monarchy”. Therefore with Athenian, their government was chosen through election whereas with the Sparta the government was made up of few individuals with the inclusion of the kings. The kings who ruled Sparta will be there until they die whereas with the Athens, official were elected annually. The Sparta system of government can be described as very exclusive as it was open only to those who had the highest social standing in the Sparta society. On the hand, the Athenian system could be termed democracy due to the fact that it involved good number of citizens.
After this time, with the victory over Carthage, Rome became the dominant power in the Western Mediterranean, while Carthage became a weak city-state without any army or an empire. There was another war which was Third Punic War, the Romans wanted to remind the Carthage that once Carthage was equal to them and how Roman Empire destroyed their army and the city-state. The war the Roman Empire had faced with the Carthaginians was the toughest challenge they had and he fight between the Roman Republic and Cartage was a tough one that took place on land and on sea. The Roman Republic defeated Carthage when the great Carthaginian general Hannibal was counterattacked. Carthage surrendered to Rome after they were completely destroyed this made the Rome become a naval power as it threatened the whole world.
Democracy refers to a government of the people, for the people, and by the people.”(Abraham Lincoln). Democracy emanates from a Greek word Demokratia which translates to the rule of people. In other words, power rests with people in democracy. (Britannica.com). Democracy is a form of governance in which the supreme powers are vested in the hands of people and is exercised by them indirectly or directly through a system of representation usually involving periodic fair elections (http://www.zesn.org.zw/publications/publication_280.pdf).
Patricians defended their position of power by making it illegal for classes to intermarry. In 494 BC, the Plebians threatened to leave Rome in order to force the Patricians to set a small council for the Plebians. Patricians later found out that “The patricians needed the Plebians more than Plebians needing Patricians”. This was due to the ‘Conflict of the orders’ (494 BC to 287 BC), where the Plebians sought political equality with the Patricians. In order to resolve the discrepancies of power and privileges, the ‘Patron-client relationship’ was made in the early Republic.
The main problem Carthage had was that it failed to understand the Roman philosophy of incorporating its citizens from conquered cities, therefore Rome had more loyalty from their citizens than Carthage could hope for. Militarily Carthage was superior to Rome in the fact that the military was run by what I can only assume were professional generals, whereas Rome had its military in the hands of the consuls who were forever changing, so there was no continuity in the higher ranks of the Roman legions.
Democracy has two distinct features namely freedom and equality and these two distinct features are granted to the people of the state thus making it more undependable simply because the mind of a thousand people not thinking altogether is destructive and it will lead to the fall of the state thus he philosophized a political system wherein only a few are chosen and given the chance to rule out above else. This particular person that is given the power to govern the state is the so called Philosopher King. Plato had an insight that if these people that make up the group of the few elite are to rule to state, instead of letting the leaders chosen by the people, they will have better results and yield and create a new and improved state than before. Plato believes that these people are capable of bringing change, a change that the other
If America can keep “a hand on the wheel” so to speak so that they can keep the area peaceful of sorts. Imperialism has been around since Rome world the known world. Rome used imperialism differently than we did. When they conquered a place instead of the people conforming to the roman way of life the romans let the people keep their traditions and way of life only leaving a governor and an army to keep Rome’s interest safe and the people in check. These way of imperialism worked till the fall of Rome.
The problem is that only the patricians can become magistrates. Therefore the law was initially establish at the request of plebeians as they threaten to leave the city and since