Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
Democracy, a noun that means the society is governed by the people, a system of voting, and majority rules. In ancient Greece, demokratia, otherwise known as democracy can be battered down into demo, and kratia. Demo, meaning the people, and kratia meaning the power or rule. Together it means rule by the people. The purpose of this essay is to prove that ancient Greece wasn’t truly democratic.
For instance Athens was a democracy in which all male citizens over the age of 18 were allowed to vote. On the other hand Sparta was an oligarchy where power was placed in various military leaders. The primary characteristics that made Han china far superior to ancient greece was their civil service exam which lead to the government being lead by educated bureaucrats compared to just people based on their family title. Many people claim that Greece was superior because they allowed for citizen participation in a democracy
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
The government in ancient Athens was governed by a radical democratic system from 508-322 B.C. and was very different in its size and how the system allowed all males to participate in the government. The Peloponnesian War effected their government when the oligarchy party overthrew the democracy and replaced it with the modern regime of the Five Thousand. Athenians spent almost 100 year fighting to restore democracy and defeat the Spartans and their allies the Persians. Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C.
How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? They are similar in the sense that only males were allowed to be a part of politics and that they both had a hierarchy in place that separated the political powers of each group. In both structures the wealthier aristocrats had the most influence in decision making. How did they differ? One major difference is that the Spartan government had two kings that came from separate royal families which tied back to their legendary founders (Agiads and Eurypontids).
He said that he would move the capital from Philadelphia to somewhere in virginia if the smallest state could have equal power. This created the Senate which has two representatives from each of the states. The Constitution created the Executive Branch of government, establishing a figurehead department of the government that was still held accountable to scrutiny from the people. It was crucial to this country that the constitution was created. Without it this country would have been able to succeed into the country it is
When you look at the literal definition of democracy in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, there is a decently large explanation. When looking at this definition and trying to decide whether the Athenian democratic system was truly democratic, one would have to go with the answer no. While it has been stated that Athens is the “cradle of democracy”, and that it was better than any of the other governments in the world, it was still a work in progress. The Athenian democracy, while it did give more power to the people, still left a lot of citizens out. The current American democracy may have steamed from Athens, but they do not really have that much in common.
This seems deceptive because the people of that state vote for their party, not the opposing side. However, as seen multiple times in history, representatives have voted against their party. Although it seems as if the state representatives have the power to manipulate the majority’s vote, it is noted that the people choose their representatives (so the voters receive what they voted for). Through the establishment of the Electoral College, people are allowed to vote for their representatives, candidates have a better understanding of the nation’s needs, and there is more equal representation. It is with these reasons that I support the Electoral College and do not think that it should be modified nor abolished.
Because of British traditions in government, and the distance between the thirteen colonies and Great Britain the colonies started developing democratic features in their government. Some features like equality, voting, and human rights were adopted. The colonial America’s democratic government had some undemocratic features so democracy was a work in progress. Some examples of democratic features, works in progress, and undemocratic things are representative government, unfair voting, and selective human rights. An example of a democratic feature in the government at the time is that they held elections for the representatives in the House of Burgesses.