the idea of representative government began to take root in some city states, specifically Athens. Athenian reformers moved toward democracy, rule by the people. In Athens citizens participated directly in political decision making. However there were limitations on citizenship to ensure that only the most rational people were able to vote. Through the construction of democracy in Athens, equality of all citizens became greater, and the city would become the top democracy of all the democracies.
Well, first of all the Spartans made decisions by their power. The Spartans were constantly in battle. They obviously took advantage of the Helots and made them their slaves. They were in control and had a higher power in Sparta. The Athenians were democratic.
The Renaissance, a period of intellectual, political, and artistic rebirth, may have left women behind. The “Renaissance man” is the idea a well-rounded individual who is the best version of himself. This concept of humanism also encourages this ideal “Renaissance man” to be an active member of his community. Document D: Women And The Renaissance by Anthony Esler explains that the division between “the ‘domestic sphere’ of women and the ‘pubic sphere’ of men” originates in Athens. Ancient Greece was the perfect model of society in the eyes of Renaissance thinkers, which explains why the idea of “civic humanism” in the Renaissance only applies to men.
“Our form of government does not enter into rivalry with the institutions of others. Our government does not copy our neighbors ', but is an example to them. It is true that we are called a democracy, for the administration is in the hands of the many and not of the few,” stated Pericles when describing the government that he had shaped. Pericles believed in involving all of the population in government decisions, leading to a time of prosperity. In the Age of Pericles, from 491 BCE to his death in 429 BCE, Athens thrived.
One major difference is that the Spartan government had two kings that came from separate royal families which tied back to their legendary founders (Agiads and Eurypontids). The government of Athens had no king. It is also worth noting that all Spartan male citizens were soldiers and equally shared right of fighting for Sparta unlike in Athens were there were male citizens who were land owners among other non-military wealthy Athenians. The also differ in that Athens was a very democratic society which also produced a lot of philosophers unlike Sparta that produced well trained soldiers and ruled by military dictatorship as opposed to the popular myth of Spartans being equal (socially and
Since the tribune had so much power he could easily change the course of someone's future. Casca seems like a decent man, and he most likely did his job very well. They were charged with the task of taking care of the people and their rights while also obeying the government, so they were the mediator. I would say this was a less desirable job because of how hard it must have
Many of his accomplishments did occur before obtaining the title of Supreme Ruler. He did this by winning the support of the people and the senate. Even when elected counsel he continued his actions to win over the populous. This intern led to his approval to gain the name Augustus, meaning revered, by the senate. With all his accomplishments of peaceful and a united empire as counsel, he was appointed Life Ruler of Rome.
As well as that Alexander was a military genius, who unlike many other kings and emperors he “...did not set out to rampage and ravage foreign cities "to demonstrate his ability to reign"...” rather he took on different foreign customs and traditions, which is what made his empire so successful unlike many empires before him. On top of this he respected the countries and cities of which he conquered and always letting the people have a say in politics. Alexander increased trade and communication between the East and and West and various other areas, as well as revealing Greek culture to the world. It can be said that the people of Greek finally thought they had a place in the world. He is an important figure also because his legacy lives on even today, he transformed cities, cultures, people and art.
“War songs were their only music, and their literary education was light.” (Source 1) Additionally, literature such as the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer taught young men about the heroic ideal and striving for arête, which means determination for excellence. Education benefitted the people, because it allowed them to be successful in art and war, and it also created unification in terms of all classes having at least a basic education. In addition it helped to create a strong economy and
In addition to the Kings, Gerousia and Assembly were the ephorate, the panel of five magistrates handling the administrative aspects of Sparta. Three social classes were also created. Helots remained at the bottom of the ladder and were identified by wearing “distinctive garments.” The Periokoi were the next up from the bottom, and were considered free Greeks supervised by Spartans and were expected to serve militarily if needed. Male Spartans, the full citizens known as homoioi while a demographically small group comprised the ruling
They claim their economy is built to lift up all Americans, not just aid those at the top. The Democratic Party puts great emphasis on job creation, equal pay, education, health care, and clean energy. They believe on strict regulations on the
Imagine a world that, as a woman, your sole purpose in life was to satisfy a husband that was chosen for you by your parents! During the Golden Age (ca. 500s-300s BCE) of ancient Athens this was the harsh reality. Political leaders claimed they had held the members of their society to a higher standard of democracy, equality, and fairness. In reality it was the exact opposite the Athens used military forces to gain power over neutral island nations, the women and children were not equal to the men, and they had and used slaves.
Citizenship is a status given by a government to some or all of its people. Being a citizen means not only meeting certain responsibilities, but also enjoying certain rights. In the U.S. today, many of our governmental institutions are based on concepts of the Ancient World. Citizenship in the United States resembles the concepts of citizenship in both Ancient Athens and Ancient Rome. Ancient Athens believed that participating in government and making the city-state work was a part of being a good citizen.