Citizenship in Athens and Rome: Which was the Better System? 1. The idea of citizenship, or a status given by a government to its people, emerged in approximately 500 BCE. Citizens were responsible for playing significant roles in the life of the state or nation, but in turn were able to possess and benefit from certain rights. Compared to Athens, the Roman Republic's system of citizenship was better in the fact that it was more generous, although careful, in granting citizenship in which rights made the government much more organized. 2a. The Romans' considerable generosity in granting citizenship was one reason why their system was superior to Athens. 2b. Document A shows how the Roman Republic, unlike Athens, was fairly generous in granting citizenship and the different requirements the nation had for being a citizen. For example, it shows that in Rome, anyone but slaves who fit the requirements could be citizens, while in Athens, no one but free, native-born adult males were granted citizenship. 3a. Although …show more content…
Document C gives examples of how the Romans' citizenship was granted in these "measured amounts". One example was how the Foederati, or people of states with treaty obligations with Rome, were given limited rights for serving in the military. 4a. Unlike in Athens, citizens' rights would not have reduced the level of organization during political events. 4b. Document E explains that the Athenian Assembly, which met 40 times a year to discuss political issues, was open to the general public; all of the 40,000 citizens of Athens were eligible to attend. With so many attendees, the events would have been rather difficult to keep organized. 4c. Document F explains that not all of the Roman Republic's citizens had the right to attend the senate’s meetings. This senate's 300 members inherited their seats from the oldest Roman families. This made the meetings exceptionally less difficult to keep organized than Athens's because of the limited amount of
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Athens and China many appear very different, but I think they are more similar than they appear. In China since it there was a lot of power in the hands of the Emperor some people might expect that the citizens in China had little to do with the government. However like Athens the citizens did take part in the government. China still was supported and involved the people in the government like Athens. Document 2 states “Those who ruled are supported by those who are ruled.”
The Roman Republic, over time, evolved into a government that would help create the U.S. Constitution, which is essential since it gives rights to the people. Although the Roman and the United States governments existed during different times, they are similar since both governments had a massive increase in expenditures after winning their second major war, yet both governments are also different since the Roman Republic and the United States government have different methods of checks and balances like making someone have the majority of votes so they can be elected. The United States and the Roman Republic governments are similar since both governments increased their expenditures after their second major war, this included more military
(Document F) As stated in and reflected in a fresco of the Roman Senate by artist Macari (Document F), the Senate had responsibilities and rights, among others, to control war, make foreign alliances, as well as control of public lands among others. While the Greeks may have had more equal representation, it was only through a quorum that they could conduct business (Document E). Athens also ostracized people who became powerful and were seen as a threat, and it was difficult to fulfill their responsibilities of citizenship (Document
Athenians Democracy Ancient Athens has two documents that discuss democracy. The first one is “Document A: Pericles” and the other one is “Document B: The The Athenian Constitution”. In document A, I found that is truly democratic because your social class is not allowed the interfere with someone 's merit. For example, if you’re poor you’re still able to serve the state or be part of the government. In document A it also states that “you get equal justice.”
As a Roman citizen, your citizenship varied. Some Roman citizens were full citizens, others had limited rights. Examples of citizen rights would be the right to vote, hold government careers, and indulge in business. However, this varied depending on the citizen. The Roman Republic is further demonstrated by the fact that becoming a citizen and enjoying the privileges that go along with it were more of a privilege than a fundamental human right.
In this essay, I would like to answer and discuss the following questions: How did the people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders? How were two city-states similar in their governmental structures and how did they differ with each other? For the Spartans the right to participate and made important decisions from the entire community were only exercised by the adult and legitimate male citizens of Sparta.
Citizenship in Athens & Rome: Which Was a Better System? The Romans left a powerful legacy that impacts our modern-day society. It was founded in 753 BC around the center of the Italian peninsula. They took up 15% of the world’s population by conquering territories in western Asia, southern Europe, and northern Africa.
Evaluation: This source was written by Aristotle in 350 BCE as he was present at the time that democracy was developed it makes this source a primary source making it more reliable. The source provided a detailed explanation of the ancient Greeks democratic processes and development as the source was highly detailed it provides for a more reliable source. The source is translated by Sir Frederic G. Kenyon he is a palaeographer and a biblical and classical scholar this means that the source has been translated by a qualified professionally, thus meaning it is more reliable. This source is useful as it provides insight into the laws and rules of ancient Greece at the time this helped in the understanding of the ancient Greek society and what
Ancient Greece is a land consisting of many city-states, called poleis. Each polis had its own government, set of laws, rulers, and customs. Two of the most famous and influential city-states were Sparta and Athens. Sparta is better than Athens because their army was powerful and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. There are many reasons why Sparta is more superior to Athens.
A way that citizens of Rome showed or different themselves from noncitizens and slaves, was by wearing a piece of cloth called the toga, most wore white but an emperor wore a purple toga to show or symbolize himself as “first citizen.” In Rome Citizenship had varied greatly, some citizens were not allowed to vote or hold/be in a public
The Roman government was a republic and the United States government is a democratic republic. In the Roman republic, there were three branches of government which were very similar to the three branches of the United States democracy. Ancient Rome had two social classes, the plebeian class which was the lower class and the patrician class which was the upper class. Both the ancient Roman republic and the United States democracy have one document that spells out all of the laws of the area. The United States democracy is more democratic than the ancient Roman republic because government positions can be held by a larger variety of people, the Constitution is more accepting, and all United States citizens can vote if they are registered and
What is a good person, and how does one achieve the good life? These were the questions asked by the ancient Greeks. Arete, or excellence, was what the Greeks strove for in everything. In a quest for excellence, the Greeks experimented with new types of politics. Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government.
Based on information provided in Document E all of Athens citizens were eligible to attend The Assembly. Athenians chose their officials and had an executive committee that oversaw the Assembly in contrast to the Roman Senate that passed down through heredity of the oldest Roman families. Athenians had opportunities to speak out and voice their opinion for a better way of life however the Romans did not. In addition, Document C states that in the Roman Republic not all citizens received the same rights or political participation, whereas in Athens all citizens had full rights and political participation. In Rome, citizenship was given out freely but was unfair and in measured amounts.
Every portion of the government directly represented its people - from the Council of 500 to the Ecclesia and the Court and Jury System - and citizens were payed and thus incentivized to participate in the system. They did their best to make an equitable system with the allocation of members through the 10 tribe system, the potential for scrutinization for any member of the government, and the randomization of jury members for trials. The Greeks were a tier above their Roman counterparts when it came to