This was vital for the idea of Greek identity as “this notion of community was fundamental to the polis and was the very badge of Greekness” (A History of Western Society 68). Furthermore, the political structure of poleis established various forms of government where certain ones were favored more than the other or were best for the people.
These couple of weeks I have done research on ancient Greece and I have realized it has an impact on my everyday lifestyle. One of the most important impacts Ancient Greece has brought to the people is democracy. That may seem a little odd right? Let me explain now many of you may know the word democracy comes from two greek words “demos” meaning the people, and “kratia” meaning power of authority. Democracy is so important because it provides a form of government that gives power to the people.
Both Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson like many of the founding fathers of America share a ideology concerning independence and freedom in general. Although the two were notably talented writers, the difference in their arguments was their respective deliveries, writing styles, and their timing. Personally, I agree more with the way Thomas Paine chose to present his point of view. Common sense, for example, was a significant eye-opener for many Americans. One of the only reasons it made such huge impact was because it was written in a style that was easy to understand for the average American.
Many of the most famous ancient philosophers and philosophical ideals originated from Greece. In his paper, The Ancient Greeks, Part One: The Pre-Socratics, Dr. C. George Boeree explains different aspects of ancient Greek philosophy. Firstly, he explains several of the reasons as to why philosophy became so prominent in Greece compared to other nations during the same time period. Next, Dr. Boeree defines some of the basic subcategories and subsections of philosophy, mainly metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics. Lasly, he lists many major philosophers and their ideas that still stand the test of time.
Plato (c.428 – 348 B.C.) is a well-known Greek philosopher and mathematician from the Socratic period that had an immense impact on modern democratic theory. Plato’s political implications contained the pathologies of the democratic public sphere. Through Plato’s encounters and views on politics, he provided foundational ideas and insights on deliberative theory. According to Chambers (2009) his belief was that the strongest objection to rhetoric is not that appeals to passion over reason, but that it is nomological rather than dialogical (p.324).
Greek mythology can be viewed as a mirror to the ancient Greek civilization. Ancient Greek myths and legends often reflected how the Greeks saw themselves. Myths were used by Greeks to make justifications of every existing aspect of earth as well as their own society. In myths, Greek gods & heroes often represented key aspects of the human civilization. From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society.
Two pieces from this time period, Plato’s Republic and Cicero’s Laws, focus on the knowledge needed in order to govern well and live the best kind of life. After analyzing both pieces, it can be concluded that knowledge of intellect and philosophical intuition, not necessarily just laws themselves, is needed in order to govern efficiently and achieve the most ideal type of life. Plato believes that in order to govern well,
The essential characteristic of the Roman civilization was practicality: What would work in a given situation? While the Greeks had been thinkers and philosophers, the Romans were doers. The Greeks built philosophies, and the Romans built roads. The Roman society of the early years was a
Many philosophers, notably Aristotle (384-322 BC), produced a list of things that comprise quality of life writing specifically about “the good life” and “living well” and how public policy can help to foster it. In his work, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle explained that eudaimonia means “doing and living well” and he used this term in the context of the highest human good. His treatise also examined the character traits that human beings need in order to live their lives in the best way. Another philosopher Epicurus created ethical theory of hedonism. He identified the eudaemonic life as the life of pleasure where eudaimonia is a more or less continuous experience of pleasure, just as freedom from pain and
This is mostly because I am writing the paper based off this book. This source gives me the direct quotes that go exactly with my topic. I have no reason to suspect that this source is biased in any way. This is the most reliable source because this is the source I’m writing about. This source was very helpful to me.