The Roman government was a republic and the United States government is a democratic republic. In the Roman republic, there were three branches of government which were very similar to the three branches of the United States democracy. Ancient Rome had two social classes, the plebeian class which was the lower class and the patrician class which was the upper class. Both the ancient Roman republic and the United States democracy have one document that spells out all of the laws of the area. The United States democracy is more democratic than the ancient Roman republic because government positions can be held by a larger variety of people, the Constitution is more accepting, and all United States citizens can vote if they are registered and …show more content…
The United States judicial branch consists of Supreme Court Justices, appointed by the President, that serve for life and decide if laws are constitutional or if people broke the law. The Roman judicial branch consisted of Praetors, appointed by the assemblies, that served for one year that tried to ensure justice to all people. (The Ancient Roman Republic Government) The executive branch of the United States is led by a President, elected from the people by the people, who leads, at most, for two four year terms and approves laws and leads the army. The executive branch of the Roman republic consisted of two Consuls, elected from the Senate by the Assemblies, that served for one year at a time and they led the army and made big decisions.(Political Structure…) The legislative branch of the United States includes the House of Representatives and the Senate, whose members are elected by the people by the people, and their job is to work together to draft laws. The legislative branch of the Roman republic consisted of the Assemblies whose members were plebeians and sometimes patricians who joined and whose job was to make decisions on laws being passed to the Consuls.(Political Structure…) In the legislative branch there was also the Senate whose members were patricians and whose job was to help make laws. In Rome, someone …show more content…
In the United States, all people in government positions have been voted into office by all United States citizens, not just the wealthy like in ancient Rome. Also, the Constitution is not against women and non-citizens like the Twelve Tables. Citizens in the United States have more rights than some of the citizens in ancient Rome, hence the United States government is more democratic than the ancient Roman
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This guards against tyranny because neither of the governments can gain powers over the nation or the people. Since, the Legislative branch is the one that makes the laws, the Executive branch carries out the laws (enforces), and the Judicial branch
The Athenians established a direct democracy where the people voted directly on the matter at hand.” (Ancient Greek Democracy, History.com) “The Romans then created their own type of democracy, where the citizens elected leaders to represent the people’s opinion.” (Crabill, Ancient Rome) While neither the Athenian nor the Roman democracies were perfect by any means, they both
Ancient Rome DBQ Many people argue that the culture of the Ancient Romans reflect that of the United States today. While there have been many advancements over the course of the years, a few basic principles still apply and can be seen in the United States today. Although there a few key differences that can be seen between the two cultures, it is important that one focuses on similarities to see how the United States has developed as a whole. Roman culture was similar to what the United States is today by the form of government and types of entertainment.
The United States has a democratic government, which means our citizens get to help choose how our country works. The Constitution is setup to include citizens in the law making and voting process and preventing the US from turning into a tryannical government. Three ways we do thi s is by using Federalism, Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances. Federalism is a system our country uses to make sure power doesn’t stay in one area (Doc A). This method gives specific responsibilities to Central Government and each state.
This method of separation is known as “checks and balances” referring to the three branches of government the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The legislative branch is supposed to be the stronger one. It consists of the Congress divided in two chambers: a House of Representatives and a Senate. The members of the House of Representatives are elected by the people and have the responsibility of encouraging popular consent and the Senate is elected by the state legislatures. The executive branch consists of the president, who has the power to receive international ambassadors, negotiate treaties with acceptance of the Senate, and appoint major personnel.
When you look at the literal definition of democracy in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, there is a decently large explanation. When looking at this definition and trying to decide whether the Athenian democratic system was truly democratic, one would have to go with the answer no. While it has been stated that Athens is the “cradle of democracy”, and that it was better than any of the other governments in the world, it was still a work in progress. The Athenian democracy, while it did give more power to the people, still left a lot of citizens out. The current American democracy may have steamed from Athens, but they do not really have that much in common.
At the time of the founding of the United States almost all other political systems in the world were authoritarian governments in which rulers fully controlled the government. It was because of oppression by England’s monarchy that the Americans protested for a government that gave the power back to the people. It was then that the Framers of the constitution established a republic. When writing the constitution the framers established a republic not a democracy, however today many people say we have a representative democracy.
These were the Legislative branch, the Executive branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Legislative branch is headed by Congress. This includes the Senate and the House of Representatives. Their main duty it so compose the laws.
Although one of their best ideas was known as the type of government they established what is now known as the republic, and since then it has been copied by other places, the united states uses and has similarity to roman republic. The U.S government is based partly on the model of Rome’s. the parts and similarity’s that we still use today are things like citizenship, legal code, legislative branch /senate, and others. The republic all started when the romans finally overthrew the Etruscan conquerors they had around (509 B.C.E) once they were free the romans came up or established the republic, a government were the citizens picked a representative to rule on their behalf. The concept of Citizenship in Rome was that males of ages 15 or older, that came from original tribes or places of Rome became citizens.
I believe that ancient Athens was not a true democracy. In a democracy all of the people are able to vote, and have a choice on who runs their city. In ancient Athens only the men were able to vote. Their government was Demokratia, and this excluded the women, the children, the metics, and the slaves. Even though their government was ran by the people themselves, only the men in the city could vote.
“The accumulation of all powers… in the same hands, whether one, a few, or many… may be justly pronounced the very definition of tyranny. ”-James Madison. Fifty-five delegates, from the thirteen states, met in Philadelphia in May of 1787 to discuss and revise the Articles of Confederation. The chief executive and the representatives worked to create a frame for what is now our Constitution. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in four ways; Federalism that creates a State and Federal government, Separation of Powers that gives equal power to the three branches, Checks and Balances that create balance in the three branches by checking each other and being checked and the Small States vs the Big States ensures an equal voice for all states no matter what their size.
The Romans had a system of indirect democracy where the people had the power to vote for representatives who would advocate for them on the state level. The Greeks had a government in which the people directly were involved in the governmental and legislative process. In addition, both systems were flawed in their representation of their people in their respective governments through neglecting a large portion of their population. Both societies did well to create term lengths to decrease the likelihood of corruption and abuse of power through creating accountability. However, the Greek democracy was a caliber above its counterpart.
Democracy in Ancient Rome Ancient Rome is often portrayed as a highly democratic society for the ancient world. After all, the United States’ government is modeled after some parts of the Roman’s structure of government. But,was Rome as democratic as is is commonly thought to be? Contrary to what people may think Rome’s democracy wasn't exactly so democratic for all of its citizens. One example of Rome’s confusing concept of democracy can be found in The Histories, which was written by the Greek historian Polybius in 119 BCE.
We have created a system of government in America based on some of the parts of each government. The Roman government was republican, in which the citizens elected their officials to represent them in the government. The Roman Republic officials had only a limited amount of power. In order for them to remain in power, they had to preserve their support from the Centuriate Assembly while using the power of veto to keep the other oponent from gaining too much power. Their citizenship was much more restricted.