However, the Greek democracy was a caliber above its counterpart. Every portion of the government directly represented its people - from the Council of 500 to the Ecclesia and the Court and Jury System - and citizens were payed and thus incentivized to participate in the system. They did their best to make an equitable system with the allocation of members through the 10 tribe system, the potential for scrutinization for any member of the government, and the randomization of jury members for trials. The Greeks were a tier above their Roman counterparts when it came to
Chapter One: Ideas that Shape American Politics 1. There are three forms of equality (social, political, and economic), define each. Which is most important in our modern democracy? Social equality refers to all individuals enjoying the same status in the society. Political equality means all citizens having the same political rights and opportunities.
Within itself, it consisted of 60-80 million people. Rome had a better system than Athens because of their process of citizenship, their citizens’ contributions society, and amazing government system. Unlike Athens, the Roman Republic granted citizenship for all free native-born adults and children. Document A shows us that Athens only accepted free, native-born adult males as citizens. Some may argue that they were more protective,
The Cabinet contains the heads of the fifteen major departments of government. These departments carry out the day to day administrative roles of the federal government. They give the President advice about important matters. Then he has the power to either agree and sign legislation into law or veto the bill. The executive branch dates back to the 18th century.
The patricians in the beginning of Roman government were the higher class. After the fall of kings ruling the government and then Rome deciding to going to a republic form of government, this upper class of men ruled the Roman government and people. Patricians were usually rich and wealthy individuals that came from a long line of wealthy families. Most patricians lived in the Roman walls, this was very common for wealthy patricians and the poorer citizens lived in the country side. These patricians controlled and highly influenced the direction of laws.
Each state is given the same amount of electors, as they are members of congress. Each elector must cast one vote for President and one vote for Vice President. In order to win the electoral college, and be nominated as President of the United States, the candidate must gain 270 of the 538 electoral votes. In an instance where no candidate receives the 270 votes needed, the House of Representatives
The Electoral College is a system, not a spot. The building up fathers developed it. The inspiration driving the Electoral College is to be a tradeoff between choice of the president by the vote of Congress and the surely understood vote of the all inclusive community The Electoral College system contains the decision of the voters, the meeting of the voters where they vote for President and Vice President, and the numbering of the constituent votes by Congress (Jerry Fresia February 28, 2006). The Electoral College includes 538 voters. A greater part of 270 constituent votes is required to pick the President.
The legislative branch consists of the two houses of Congress that have been decided upon by the Great Compromise (the House of Representatives and the Senate). Joint together as one system, Congress has the powers to create laws, declare war, override veto, and impeach the president. Secondly, the executive branch—consisting of the president, vice president, and the Cabinet—has the power to carry out laws (approve), negotiate foreign treaties—such as alliances—, and can grant pardons for federal offers. Finally, the judicial branch, or the Supreme Court Justices can interpret laws, declare laws unconstitutional, and declare the president unconstitutional. Having three branches of government helps keep the government in check, and it prevents one branch becoming more powerful than the other branches.
The Roman government had many bodies, The Senate was a body which had 300 members, the senate was a political institution in the ancient Roman Republic. It was not an elected body, but one whose members were appointed by the consuls, and later by the censors. Various popular assemblies in which all citizens voted on laws and elected officials. Officials were called magistrates, who put the law into practice, governed in the name of the senate and people, and acted as priests. The point when the most recent ruler was taken out by two magistrates known as consuls.
The Roman Empire did. The reasons are, citizenships in Rome were varied, everyone was treated equally, and those who gain too much power weren’t exiled out of their country. Varied Citizenship: Document A/E • Freed slaves could be citizens • Female and male children were citizens • Both male and female were citizens Document A tells you the gender and social classes that can be a citizen in Rome or Athens. Rome allowed almost everyone to be a citizen while Athens only allowed men. In Document E it shows that only males are going to vote and explains the process of how it works.
Three Branches of Government The legislative branch can check governing parties and override presidential vetoes with a two thirds vote, investigate the executive branch, ratify treaties, and the ability to impeach. The legislative branch has full control over the executive branches spending and funding. The Senate has the ability to approve presidential appointments and approve treaties. The legislative branch checks the judicial branch by creating lower courts, the ability to impeach judges, and the Senate appoints all judges. The Speaker of the House is a very powerful position coming right after the Vice President in line to be the president.
Like the Romans consuls, the president of the United States has the power to veto decisions. Rome had two consuls that would be the equivalent to our one president. Though our president serves for four years and the consuls served for one year, they were both chief executives of the government and commander-in-chief of the army. The Roman Senate consisted of three hundred members
He appoints ambassadors, federal judges, cabinet members, and officers in the armed forces. The president has the power to negotiate treaties, meets with ambassadors, and form executive agreements. He has the power to request the opinions of the heads of executive departments. The Constitution requires the president to inform congress on the state of the union. The president of the United States also has the power to give pardons, fill vacancies in the Senate, and call both chambers of Congress together for a meeting.
The main impacts were the development of government, influencing languages, and city-planning. The United States used some of the practices Ancient Rome used with government and laws. The Romans used jury trials in court just like we use today in court. The saying “innocent until proven guilty” also came form Ancient Rome practices just like we use today in our criminal justice program. The idea of the senate came from the Romans.
The Congress of the Republic has 158 members, elected for a four-year term, partially in departmental constituencies and partially by nationwide proportional representation. The Constitutional Court is court that only interprets the law in matters that affect the country 's constitution. It is composed of five judges, elected for concurrent five-year terms each with a supplant, each serving one year as president of the Court. One is elected by Congress, one elected by the Supreme Court of Justice, one is appointed by the President, one is elected by Superior Council of the University of Guatemala, and one by the Bar Association. The Supreme Court of Justices of Guatemala is the highest court and it comprises thirteen members, who serve concurrent four-year terms.