Chapter 8: What’s Next?? Police corruption isn’t a nuance of media induced concerns. Instead it is a major issue in police departments across the world. Police corruption is a major waste of resources, financial resources, creates a modern day mockery of law enforcement in general and undermines the foundations on which police/security is designed to employ. Why?
A number of countries, specifically developing countries, face institutional problems in the process of revenue generation, thus resulting in many of those countries being unable to generate a sufficient amount of revenue from taxation. The corruption in tax administration is one of those main problems. Corruption compromises the government’s ability to collect taxes, thus reducing the tax revenue collected. . ( Tanzi & Davoodi 1997).
Since ‘‘Aid is an essential source of funding for Nauru’s development’’ (Anon., 2014) .Corruption and regional perceptions of corruption in Nauru has been damaging to the country’s reputation and has created obstacles to local and foreign direct investment, economic growth and will eventually mislead the development and upliftment of the people. Public money is for government services and projects. However, corruption and bad management consume into the nation’s wealth, directing money away from projects and the very people most dependent on government for support. Countless studies around the world (Mauro (1995), Tanzi and Dawoodi (1997), Ehrlich and Lui (1999)…) show how corruption can disturb investment, restrict trade, reduce economic growth and affect government expenditure. There are also studies that show the relationship between corruption in certain countries to increasing levels of poverty and income inequality.
(Coronel, 2004) said that corruption worsens income equity and poverty where instead of helping the poor and the needy, the government or the governmental institutions to be specific seek to largely contribute to services which is not even used and is not that relevant or is used by the people. Corruption also is said to damage the legitimacy and democracy of the government where citizens become suspicious towards the intentions of the authority. As (Johnston, 1997) stated, corruption begets bad politics, and bad politics begets further corruption; where politics and corruption as viewed nowadays are intertwined. Corruption is said to endanger public order and safety, where the laws are being bent and the people are not regulating the forces of the government which leads to massive riots and slow decline of governmental
When an official of a government or business is acting dishonestly, we say that this person is corrupt. When things are not going on their regular track, it means there is something going in a wrong way and we called it corruption. Corruption is a serious problem in many countries around the world especially in the Middle East. The key point for the problems in most of the countries is corruption. There are several different kinds of corrupt practices, including bribes, kickbacks, nepotism, and embezzlement.
It makes democracy weak and ineffective in promoting the basic democratic principles of equality, justice and fraternity. Corruption degrades the quality of services and also ruins the life of the common man. India claims to be the largest democratic country in the world but at the same time corruption stands as a most crucial issue here. Secrecy in the functioning of government provides fertile ground for breeding corruption in the working of the public authorities (MM Ansari, 2008: 4). A study shows, India ranked 85th among 175 countries in 2014 (timesofindia.com, Dec 3, 2014).
As Rose Ackerman assumes, “Demands for greater transparency and integrity in government often become more insistent as per capita income rises” . It necessarily follows that corrupters are strongly motivated to restrain the economic growth of underdeveloped or developing countries in order to be able to pursue their illegitimate activity. Hence, corruption, apart from being arguably morally unacceptable, actually prevents from the gradual advancement of economics. It seems likely that those disadvantaged countries affected by corruption will never start enhancing their trading capabilities until they get rid of corruption itself and they appear to be constantly trapped into a regressive
Corruption is a universal curse around the world and all nations suffer to some degree from the devastating effects of corruption. Corruption impedes economic development by creating inefficiencies that significantly reduce a country’s welfare. There are various definitions regarding corruption ,the most frequently used by social scientist is Nye’s, that corruption is: “…behavior which deviates from the normal duties of a public role because of private-regarding (family, close private clique), financial or status gains; or violates rules against the exercise of certain types of private-regarding influence. This includes such behavior as bribery, nepotism patronage, fraud, embezzlement.” The Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, (2000) define the Corruption as: (a) dishonest or illegal behavior, especially of people in authority (b) the act or effect of making somebody change from moral to immoral standards of behavior. According to this definition, the corruption includes three important elements, morality, behavior, and authority [Seldadyo and Haan, 2006].
As we have already discussed corruption is not constrained to any particular sector, corruption has many dimensions related to economic, political, social, administration effects. Corruption has been a factor for weakening nations, hindering development, raised poverty, etc. Corruption generates economic distortions because the public money is diverted to capital projects where corruption is more. Otherwise this can be allotted for the welfare programs which help in developing a nation. High corruption also results in poor quality of resources which reduces the productivity.
The point here is that Politician’s use the resource of the nation for personal interest and this results the mass worsens its poverty situation. Because of this reason, this corrupt practice leads serious shortage of basic needs to provide for the people. Corruption results terrible things for the mass such as; it generates social unrest; restrains economic development, and hinders the establishment of democratic government and strong financial institutions that needed for stability and growth (Arthur,