The government is a majorly corrupt, which has led to great instability in the country. The first area that has suffered greatly from this lack of transparency is economic growth. In Somalia, many strong and influential businesses monopolize the market, through varied corrupt strategies, such as political power, embezzlement, and bribery. Surprisingly, Somalia has laws to protect against these crimes, but they fail to be strictly enforced. Researchers also found that “Somalia’s provisional constitution criminalizes severe forms of corruption [...]; however implementation is non-existent” (Gan Integrity, 2016).
Politicians conduct unethical practices, management has a high lack of repercussions for their actions, and fear amongst the working class. South Africa’s labors laws largely follow that of the United Kingdom. Value added tax (VAT) is included for business initiated in South Africa. Tax rates and policies in South Africa fall in the middle of the scale, this is largely related to the major projects undertaken by the government to increase education and standard of living. Some other taxes to consider in South Africa: Stamp duty Customs and excise
One of such endogenous factors is corruption. Today, most African nation-states have been independent for forty years. Unfortunately, at forty, many of these nation-states have made either minimal progress or stagnated, in terms of socioeconomic growth and development. Despite the fact that the continent’s problems are multifaceted, corruption, particularly in countries where it has become an integral part of the social fabric, is a major handicap to their development efforts. Corruption may be defined simply as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain .
However, South Africa have a high cost and low performance system in which students are paying for more than what they are receiving. There are minimal proper teachers scattered and the rest are unqualified. A lack of classroom discipline is also a major issue in South Africa due to insuffiecient classroom equipments and access to appropriate books. All of this has lead to a colossal destruction and amongst the reputation of education is South Africa packaged with negative and concerning perspectives of the teaching craft. South Africa is losing a warning amount of teachers per year with the statistic of 23, 000 teachers and replacement couting from 3,000 to
Topmost is to uphold zero corruption in all structures of government. There must be very high level of discipline and hard work. State institutions, which are mandated to enforce the rule of law must work, but not “seem” to be working. That is the day Prof. PLO Lumumba looks forward to: The day when Africa will say with one accord “Corruption, where is thy Sting?” Nevertheless, the biggest question remains: will that end the Dark Continent’s paradox – rich and yet poor? Yes, Africa is now re-processed, re-packaged, and uniquely re-labeled as Afrika with a zero corruption index.
Nevertheless, it is disturbing to note that the prevailing state of corrupt practices in Nigeria suggests that corruption itself is more institutionalised than the anti-graft agencies established to curb it. Corruption has continued to grow unabated in the face of high impunity, with previous governments making no attempt to prosecute perpetrators of
Singapore placed fifth in the least corrupt country in the world; placed first in Southeast Asia. “Financial greed is much under control not only because of effective anti-corruption measures but also because the PAP, both under Lee and Goh, and aided by Singapore’s economic prosperity, has been able to do what many governments could not: reward ministers and other political appointees well, including offering lucrative salaries and other perks and incentives (Mutalib, 2000)”. In contrast to those countries that have high corruption rates, Singapore is encouraging civil servants to stay in the administration and prevent from performing corrupt practices (Quah, 1988). Though there would also be exceptions, some leaders faced few corruption charges such as Teh Cheang Wan (Minister for National Development) and Phey Yew Kok (NTUC president). Nevertheless, the Singapore government has maintained a clean, corruption-free image.
What are the challenges of e-government implementation to reduce the level of bureaucratic corruption in Indonesia ? Many developing countries are racing to fight corruption over this last decade, as corruption brings many negative impacts worldwide, such as discouraging investment, decreasing quality life of citizens, poor public services, and damaging social cultural life. Kauffman et al (as cited in Mistry and Jalal, 2012) argue that there are three main causes of corruption. These causes are lack of accountability and transparency, too much discretionary powers of bureaucrats and the monopoly power of civil servants. Thus, these need to be confined by building good governance and accountability in all of public service area.
There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive. Although getting an education is a law in South Africa many children do not get this privilege as they cannot afford to go to school (overpopulation) or live far from a school, and some do not get a good education. This therefore leads to the lack of education, which leaves more people without skills and knowledge. The environmental issues are the lack of soil (land), bodies of water (water), forests and air (atmosphere). The over use of natural resources lead to shortages of food, clean water,
Destination Analysis Tourism is an important revenue generator in South Africa . It contributes approximately 9% to South Africa’s Gross Domestic Product and creates thousands of job opportunities . South Africa has beautiful landscapes, bush veld expeditions and a warm and sunny climate which attracts tourists from all over the world . Tourism is a major source of foreign income/exchange which contributes to economic growth . South Africa is well populated by a diverse group of people and cultures in which there is 11 official languages spoken in South Africa .