It was sprayed with an ethanol solution containing 10% sulfuric acid, and heated at an infra-red drier until obvious color came up, as shown in Fig.2 (B.ab). Simultaneously, the amount of silver nitrate in the impact of isolative effect was investigated with the sample procedure, as shown in Fig.2
3.7 Homogeneous Catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol To investigate the redox catalytic activities of the synthesized AuNPs using the olibanum gum, we selected a well-known catalytic reaction the transformation of 4-NP to 4-AP by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as a model reaction and the reaction was monitored using UV–visible spectroscopy. The absorption peak of 4-NP undergo red shift from 317 nm to 400 nm immediately after addition of NaBH4, corresponding change in the colour of the solution from yellow to intense yellow was observed due to the formation of 4-nitrophenolate ions under alkaline conditions. This peak at 400nm remained unaltered for many days in the absence of AuNPs. This indicates the inability of NaBH4 itself to reduce directly
Selection of wavelength A UV spectrum of drotaverine hydrochloride, ethamsylate, tranexamic acid in water was noted by scanning the solution in the range of 200-400nm. drotaverine hydrochloride, ethamsylate, tranexamic acid was showing significant absorption at 220nm. thus that was selected as wavelength for analysis. Preparation of standard stock solution The standard stock solutions 100mg/ml each of drotaverine hydrochloride, ethamsylate, tranexamic acid was prepared than solution having concentration in range of 80-250µg/ml were prepared by diluting stock solution with mobile phase. Preparation of sample
The increase of the catalyst molar ratio to 0.05 and 0.10 mmol caused improvement in the rate of 1,2-cyclooctene oxidation with higher conversion compared to the catalytic amount 0.02 mmol of the VO-complexes. Unfortunately, the chemoselectivity was reduced by increasing the amount of the catalyst VO-complexes to be 65,
From the data obtained in Tables 1-3, we were able to plot multiple graphs using excel. These graphs give a better representation of the data as seen in Figures 1-9. It can be seen that each figure shows a slight increase in CO2 production, which signifies a possible change in metabolic rate. Figures 4 and 7 show a relatively large change between the control and fox urine. The changes in slope between theses two are 0.0267 for Figure 4’s slopes and 0.0192 for Figure 7’s slopes.
Metal chelating activity Briefly, 2 mM FeCl2 was added to different concentrations of test sample and reaction was initiated by the addition of 5 mM ferrozine. The mixture was vigorously shaken and left to stand at room temperature for 10 min. Absorbance was measured at 562 nm after 10 min.8 % Inhibition = [(AB - AA)/AB] x 100, where AB, absorption of blank sample, AA, absorption of test sample. 2.6. Antibacterial
The voltammetric measurement has been performed by transferring the oxidized TMB solution to the 96X carbon electrode. Thus, linear sweep voltammetry were measured by sweeping the potential from +6.00 to -2.00 mV. The calibration curve couldn 't be plotted with the obtained voltammograms, therefore, the cocaine-benzoylecgonine antibody concentration has been raised to 0.05 µg/ml (10 fold more) and the tracer dilution ratio to 1:10000. That leads to increase the absorbance (OD) detected by ELISA to 4. The obtained voltammograms were investigated and the calibration curve was plotted.
Absorption was read by spectrophotometer at wave length (510CHOL) and (505TG). 6. After this we applied the following equation Result = ×CON. standard Extraction of tissue The extract one gram of fat tissue using n hexane, resolve to dissolve tissue homogenizer homogeneity by adding 1 ml of the same solution to become a 3: 1 and continued homogeneity of the sample to become a solution homogeneity. The solution homogeneity expelled, by centrifugation for 10 min.
Commercial TiO2 P25 was obtained from Evonik. Ultrapure water (18MΩ.cm-1) was used throughout the whole experiments. 2.2. Synthesis of photocatalysts The TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by the sol-gel method described below: 3.9 ml of TiCl4 was slowly added into 10 milliliter of absolute ethanol in reaction vesel, this reaction performed under fume hood at 0°C with vigorous stirring due to exothermic reaction,the high volatilityof TiCl4and also therelease of hydrogen chloride. Then, water was added dropwise during the mixing process.
The L*, a* and b* values was calculated for determination of the colour of capsicum. L* is the luminance of lightness component, which ranges from 0 to 100, and a* (from green to red) and b* (from blue to yellow) are the two chromatic components, which ranges from -120 to +120. These ‘L, a, b’ values were used to calculate the required L*,a* and b* values by using formulas given bellow. L* = Lightness/250×100 - - -