Some of the most common illnesses are malaria, typhoid, tuberculosis, intestinal parasites, and sexually transmitted diseases. On the other hand, environmental surroundings can also become the cause of death. For example, in Mongolia the infectious disease rate is not nearly as high as the injuries which occur from the surrounding
Among the many things spread and shared in the Columbian Exchange, the trading of diseases is perhaps the most significant. The natives of the Americas had never experienced the serious diseases that European explorers carried over to the New World. From smallpox to influenza and malaria to cholera, Native American populations were drastically decreased due to their poor immunity. Between the numerous amounts of European diseases, though, measles was the most remarkable in that its effects were both widespread and enduring. Measles, also known as rubeola, is a respiratory infection caused by the measles virus.
“Plague in Central America,” by Arana Xajila, in the years of 1519-1560 talks about a deadly plague that derives from Europe to Mesoamerica (Central America) and spreads throughout Central America. This plague had spread to the people of Central America when their tribe, Cakchiquels, were fighting against the Spaniards. The Spaniards that were fighting in the tribe had passed on this deadly plague to the Cakchiquels tribe who then passed it on to others in Central America. This plague can be known as the influenza (flu). This deadly virus was spreading rapidly and soon everyone in Central America were affected.
Diseases only found in the European world, such as smallpox, spread to the Americas due to people migrating with these diseases. Since natives did not have diseases like these, they were easily killed off by them. These diseases ended up killing 90 percent of the population native to America. The large number of deaths allowed the conquistadors to greatly outnumber indigenous people and easily capture the now weak tribes. Some may point out that the American diseases must have also affected the Europeans.
Once an individual acquired the infection, within thirty hours, most would be dead. But, could something like this actually benefit Americans and their society? Most people would say that 675,000 deaths never improves a country, but in America’s
Malaria is one of the most common infectious diseases prevalent worldwide and can be transmitted by bite of female Anopheles mosquitoes. Nigeria is the country with the largest malaria problem, it is known to kill 300,000 people each year - and 97% of the people living in Nigeria are at risk of catching the disease. (photos.state.gov) Nigeria being an under developed country, with inadequate health care system, diseases like Malaria would affect the economy of the country greatly. As Nigeria is a tropical country, with high humidity and off and on rainfall, makes the environment a conducive for the mosquitoes.
Unvaccinated Amish missionaries who traveled to the Philippines brought measles back to Ohio in May 2014, resulting in 155 infected people as of June 5, 2014. There were 9,149 confirmed and 31,508 suspected cases of measles in the Philippines between Jan. 1 and May 20, 2013. In 2004, there were 37 cases of measles in the United States; in 2014, by May 30, there were 16 measles outbreaks in the United States resulting in at least 334 cases in 18 states. UNICEF reported that, globally, 453,000 children die from rotavirus, 476,000 die from pneumococcus (the virus that causes pneumonia, meningitis, and blood infections), 199,000 die from Hib (a virus that causes pneumonia and meningitis), 195,000 die from pertussis (whooping cough), 118,000 die from the measles, and 60,000 die from tetanus each year, all vaccine-preventable
The Colonisation of Latin America had a major negative impact on these indigenous people as the arrival in Latin America collided with 12,000 years of isolation from Eurasia which imposed many diseases on the natives. The natives were unable to fight of these diseases as they did not have the immune system for these types of sickness nor the appropriate medicine so many of them died as a result. These diseases included small pox, measles and influenza, bubonic plagues, cholera and tropical
Many more spanish ships came introducing many new diseases and animals. Within a short period of time only ten percent of the native population was still alive. This sharp decrease in the native population was due to old world diseases like Smallpox, Measles, Malaria,Yellow fever, Influenza, and Chickenpox. The spanish
The UN peacekeepers had contracted the disease from an earlier mission in Nepal, and the epidemic was caused when a sanitation system at their base leaked contaminated fecal matter into a Haitian river. Due to the devastation of the earthquake, and Haiti’s poor plumbing facilities, the disease quickly spread, infecting more than half a million people. The epidemic caused reconstruction efforts in Haiti to halt and resulted in distrust toward the UN, who refused to compensate the victims.