Heart failure is a condition in which the heart has trouble pumping blood because it has become weak or stiff. This means the heart does not pump blood efficiently for the body to work well. For some people with heart failure, fluid may back up into the lungs and there may be swelling (edema) in the lower legs. Heart failure is usually a long-term (chronic) condition. It is important for you to take good care of yourself and follow your health care provider 's treatment plan.
Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic.
This is also referred to as Congestive heart failure. it is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficient amount of blood to meet the metabolic requirement of the tissue for oxygen. It can also result from structural cardiac abnormalities which impair the ability of the ventricle to fill or eject blood. The heart is weakened and cannot pump enough blood as strongly as before this implies that less oxygen is reaching the organs and muscles which can cause tiredness or shortness of breath.
Cardio vascular diseases (CVDs) are diseases of the heart and blood vessels. CVDs also constitute a major chronic disease, which is a leading cause of death not only in India but all over the world. There are many forms of cardio vascular diseases and many of them are interrelated. Some of the diseases are:
This concept is taken from Block 4, Module 6 which is entitled as ‘Assessment of respiratory system’. The respiratory system comprises of different organs used in respiration. Respiration involves inhalation and exchange of oxygen and carbondioxide between living organisms and the environment. The organs of respiration include; the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, 2 bronchi, bronchioles, 2 lungs and muscles of breathing (the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm).
In hospitals, doctors use many devices to help them cure their patients from various health problems. These are called Medical Devices. Medical devices help doctors do many things, ranging from diagnostics, therapy, to life support. Medical devices that are used to diagnose a patient are very important as they can help the doctor to understand and thus cure the patient’s problem. Medical devices that help with diagnostics can be as simple as a thermometer or can be as complex as an ultrasound scan. This report will be about a class III medical device, the pulmonary artery catheter. See Figure 1.
The above ECG figure in left shows ST-T wave abnormalities which is the indication of left ventricular hypertrophy where as the ECG figure in the right shows the normal echocardiogram having normal sinus rhythm at a rate of 75 beats/min, PR interval of 0.14 sec, a QRS interval of 0.10 sec, and a QRS axis of approx. 75°.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in Australia and also the world, it affects 1.4 million Australians a year. In 2013 13% of all deaths were caused by coronary heart disease. In 2012 7.4 million people died as a result of heart disease.
Pulmonary edema is a common condition seen in the hospital by respiratory care practitioners. It is important for respiratory care practitioners to have an understanding of the condition itself, along with the skill set to quickly recognize pulmonary edema. It is also important for respiratory care practitioners to stay current on the most effective treatment options available for patients with pulmonary edema.
Keywords: Congenital, heart disease, cyanosis, oxygenated blood, deoxygenated blood, structural defects, systemic circulation, pulmonary circulation, Mottling, Pallor, Pulmonary Rales
A hemopneumothorax is a pneumothorax with bleeding in the pleural space (Coker, Aehlert and Vroman, 2011). The mechanism of injury for a hemopneumothorax is usually due to penetrating trauma. The open wound then allows for air to seep into the pleural space which then develops into a pneumothorax. The hemothorax is caused by the build-up of blood in the pleural cavity as a product of the bleeding originating from damaged blood vessels, lung and chest wall components or injury to the heart and great vessels. Hemopneumothorax usually presents with dyspnea, tachypnea and tachycardia. In more severe cases patients often suffer from hypovolemia due to massive blood loss into the pleural cavity or due to the increased severity of the pneumothorax
Coronary heart disease is a very serious illness. It runs on my grandfather’s side of the family. Many of his family members have it, including my grandfather. Hopefully with this article I can inform people about his disease.
All of the organs in the body maintain homeostasis. The circulatory system consisting of the heart and vessels is of vital importance. The heart pumps blood and other nutrients through the vessels to all of the other organs in the body. The heart, vessels, lungs all work together to maintain homeostasis. With out the circulatory system, no other organ could survive.
Coronary artery disease develops when your coronary arteries — the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients — become damaged or diseased. It is a result of plaque buildup in your coronary arteries -- a condition called atherosclerosis -- that leads to blockages. The arteries, which start out smooth and elastic, become narrow and rigid, restricting blood flow to the heart. The heart becomes starved of oxygen and the vital nutrients it needs to pump properly.
The heart is an organ of muscles. It’s necessary to pump blood throughout the body. The heart has four chambers: two atria (left and right) and two ventricles (left and right). The two atria chambers are located at the top of the heart; whereas, the two ventricles are located at the bottom of the heart. The chambers help blood flow smoothly through the heart. The atria chambers are the receiving chambers. Their objective is to receive blood returning to the heart. The blood flow into the atria from the veins and fill the ventricles. The ventricles are the discharged chambers. This is how the blood is pumped out of the heart. When the chambers contract, the blood goes out of the heart and into circulation. Circulation is the movement of fluids
There are many factors that contribute to the patient’s long and short-term prognosis. Lifestyle modifications is the number one factor influencing the prognosis of a patient. If a patient follows the medication regimen prescribed, adheres to the recommended diet, quits smoking, and begins an exercise program their short and long term are good. When a patient does not adhere to the recommendations complications are likely to reoccur.
Heart is at the center of the circulatory system as it continuously pumps blood through various organs of the body, which in turn provides the much needed oxygen to keep them functioning well. The size of the heart is usually the same as the size as one’s fist. This mechanical organ has 4 chambers and is supplied by a complex array of blood vessels that bring blood to and from the heart. Heart failure is a term to describe the condition where the heart cannot do it’s work or does not manage its workload properly.
Congenital heart disease is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and the veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.
An atrioventricular septal defect is a condition that results in a defect located in the middle of the heart. The condition takes place when a hole forms between the heart 's atrium and ventricular chambers. This defect causes complications and makes it difficult for the mitral valve to regulate blood flow in the heart. The deregulation of blood flow affects the lungs by allowing extra blood to flow into the organs. The heart then has to overwork itself in order to pump this extra blood out of the lungs and will cause the heart muscle to enlarge, leading to high blood pressure and even heart failure if left untreated. Atrioventricular septal defect is
Mitral valve insufficiency is a heart defect, when the mitral valve is unable to pump out the blood from the heart. Mitral insufficiency is the most common form of all valvular disorders. Every sixtieth patient with heart disease has mitral valve insufficiency. Usually people with insufficient mitral valve also develop the mitral narrowing, which is a narrowing process of the right atrioventricular orifice.