Cardiac arrest is a sudden deficiency of heart function due to which it suddenly ceases to beat and thus stops the action of pumping blood. For this reason the body tissues and those of the brain, in particular, will no longer be perfused by blood and oxygen resulting in loss of consciousness and, without an appropriate and rapid intervention, death within minutes.
Have you ever heard someone talk about “The Blue Baby Syndrome” and wondered what that meant. The correct terminology for this condition is cyanosis in infants and children here you will find out what the condition is and how you can detect it on time. What causes this mischief of an illness and what can be done to resolve it? The history of the first people that made all the difference and how they have made it a curable condition. Also how technology and time have made this procedure much tranquil.
Pediatric interventional cardiology is a passion and a dream which I hope one day to realize. During my first pediatric residency training, I realized the depth of my interest in cardiology. I found pleasure and interest in all the pediatric cardiology rotations; however, cardiac catheterization, despite the limited sophistication with which it was performed, captivated me. As there were no training opportunities available back home and few interventional procedures can be done due to lack of experience in congenital interventional cardiology. Therefore, I decided to pursue a second pediatric residency training in the USA to allow me the opportunity for further training in pediatric cardiology and eventually congenital cardiac intervention.
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a very important and difficult surgery for diseased aortic valve. This surgery happened instead of aortic valve replacement when the diagnosis for the heart disease is aortic stenosis. TAVI is an invasive procedure to aortic valve. In this invasive surgery a new valve that is a stainless steel tube with biological materials of cows, is inserted through a balloon catheter to the heart. This procedure can be done with local or general anaesthetic. This new valve insertion can be done with two common ways. Firstly is the transfemoral, which means through the femoral artery or second common way is the transapical way that is through a small cut to the left side to the chest. (1) This aortic stenosis lead to flow blood out of the heart and this disease is common to adults over 65 years old. The common symptoms of this disease can breathlessness, or chest pain, exercise restriction or collapse. (2)
In this paper I will talk about congenital heart defect (CHD). This is also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease. It is a problem in the structure of the heart. I will tell you how it is acquired, signs, symptoms, medications to help it, and about lab test done to keep track of it.
Ectopia Cordis is a rare condition in which the heart is located partially or completely outside of the thoracic cavity. Often, it is associated with pentalogy of Carntrell, which is a rare thoraco-abdominal disruption or a defect in the abdominal wall. This condition is categorized into five types: cervical, abdominal, thoracocervical, thoracoabdominal, and thoracic. Ectopia cordis is extremely uncommon as it only occurs in 1:126,000 births. The prognosis for this condition is poor and depends on the severity of the condition. The infants affected by ectopia cordis are usually stillborn. Surgical correction is often attempted, although infants are often stillborn or die within days after birth.
Tissue or Mechanical, when choosing heart valve for replacement should age of a patient play a role in the selection? Before giving my opinion, about if the age of a patient play a role in selection of a valve replacement, I will first discuss the different between Tissue and Mechanical valves.
Trisomy 18 is a common autosomal trisomy syndrome. It is due to either full or partial presence of an extra copy of chromosome 18. Its prevalence correlates positively with advanced maternal age. Affected infants usually exhibit a variable pattern of anomalies including growth restriction, marked psychomotor and cognitive disability and an array of physical findings including characteristic craniofacial features, clenched fists with overriding fingers, small fingernails, underdeveloped thumbs, short sternum and heart and kidney anomalies. The majority of these infants die within the first year of life; only 5% to 10% of them survive longer. Their death is primarily due to cardio-respiratory failure.
Barlow Syndrome, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Floppy Valve Syndrome, and Myxomatous Mitral Valve are just some of the names that Barlow Syndrome goes by. Barlow syndrome is when the valve between your heart 's left upper chamber (left atrium) and the left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close properly causing the heart to work extra hard. Major causes are mutation in the DCH1 gene. This gene helps organize how cells are patterned into tissue. Harvard Medical School found it located on chromosome 11 but other sources have found it on 16 and 13 along with 11. Many people with Barlow Syndrome may also have other genetic mutations, disease, or syndromes like Marfans Syndrome, Graves Disease, ect. But the majority of the people with Barlow Syndrome have inherited it from previous family members. Not to mention symptoms caused by this are fatigue, chest pain, difficulty breathing, dizziness or lightheadedness, racing or irregular heartbeat. This is the essentials to know about Barlow Syndrome and what the syndrome does in the body.
The treatment of Eisenmenger syndrome is based off of specific symptoms of each patient and can vary. Patients are encouraged to seek help from a cardiologist, Doctors that specializes in the treatment of lung diseases, and a hematologist. Patients that have developed Eisenmenger syndrome are also recommended to take medications to help with symptoms, water retention, and iron supplements if they suffer from anemia, these would need to be monitored
Throughout the centuries, advancement in the medical procedures has definitely elevated. In the ancient times, there was no proper education given to an individual that would qualify them as legal doctors. Many thought that when someone got heavily sick, it was a punishment sent by god. For years, people believed this myth and never really tried to discover the issue that was decaying that individual’s body. Some did not know the anatomy of the human body so opening the body and trying to remove the wound would be impossible. Then some individuals took it upon their hands to dissect the body such as Leonardo da Vinci. He took his greatest skill and began to draw of what he saw inside the human body. It was not until the 19th century when successful