Obesity as a chronic disease in children
Childhood obesity, which is becoming an epidemic both in developed and the developing countries can be defined as having excess body fat in children. A research conducted on children in age group 5-18 years by Williams et al. (1992) categorized fat children as those containing 25% of fat in boys and 30% for girls. Various techniques such as waist circumference, skin-fold thickness, and BMI have been used extensively in the clinical environment in measuring overweight.
There are many factors that contribute to obesity among children such as; energy intake, individuals genetic background, sedimentary behavior, genetics, metabolism, and lack of physical activities to mention just a few. BMI is (25-40)% inheritable where a child inherits obesity from its parent or great-grandparent. Children with a low basal metabolic rate, which is the body usage of energy for normal resting activities, have a higher possibility of becoming obese. Dietary factors are one of the major causes where children who are fed on fast foods, sugary beverages, and snack foods are at a danger of becoming obese (Baur, Twigg & Magnusson, 2012). Other factors include …show more content…
Other than medical implications, obesity also generates social-emotional problems such as stigmatization, discrimination of the obese children and social marginalization (Moreno, Pigeot & Ahrens, 2011). However, this condition can be curbed if we all focus on its causes. Parents have the obligation of teaching their children about healthy eating, exercising and making the right nutritional choices. The most common treatment for obesity is physical exercise albeit some doctors prescribe some antibiotics to accompany the
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There are 3 causes of why childhood obesity has increased. First, Most foods have high levels of fructose corn syrup. Fructose corn syrup is defined as “High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a sweetener made from corn found in thousands of foods and beverages on grocery store shelves throughout the United States. HFCS is composed of either 42 percent or 55 percent fructose, with the remaining sugars being primarily glucose and higher sugars.
Annotated Bibliography Babey, S.H., Hastert, T.A., Wolstein, J., Diamant, A.L. (2010). Income disparities in obesity trends among California adolescents. American Journal of Public Health (100)11, 2149 2155. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.192641 Childhood obesity has increased to 17% in the last thirty years, causing concern for the health industry as costs increase and preventable diseases become more prevalent. Over 17,000 adolescents were interviewed in the California study between 2001-2007 through the California Health Interview Survey.
Today about one in three children in the United States are obese, and is the number one cause of death in America. Childhood obesity is now more concerning to people than drug abuse and smoking. Obesity not only has disgusting physical effects, it also will have negative changes to a person’s personality. Even though many people are aware of the problems obesity brings, there still has been at least a 50% increase in obese people since 1980. Obesity will cause extreme health problems and possibly death if people don’t change their diets, activity levels, or emotional needs towards food.
A study conducted by the CDC, in 2013, with a sample size group of 1,470 found that 17.8% of Arkansas adolescents were obese. The study also concluded that 15.9% of the 1,470 children were overweight. Overweight and obesity in adolescents can be attributed to many different factor (“Data, Trends, and Maps”). These
The issue is childhood obesity, and it is only accelerating as a percentage of children in both America and all western nations of the world. Childhood Obesity is an issue relevant to all who consider themselves part of American society and it has profound adverse effects economically, physically for those afflicted with the issue, and mentally for those who live an obese childhood or within the family unit of a household with at least one obese child. The scope of the issue is massive and the impact of the consequences dire in many accounts. There is hope to reverse course and change the way of American-western living, and it starts with understanding the size and
Over the past generation obesity has become a major health issue. The term obesity is best describe as someone having a body mass index (BMI) equal to or above the 95th percentile. Within both genders of African American children and adolescent obesity has increased tremendously. Obesity can contribute too many chronic illnesses down the line if left untreated such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, asthma, and type 2 diabetes (Coreil, 2009). Studies have reported that within low income communities 1 out of 3 children are considered as overweight or obese (Ogden et al., 2010).
These health risks are becoming more relevant in recent years as The Childhood Obesity Epidemic becomes greater and more children are being affected by obesity, this can be clearly comprehended by the studies and surveys taken on children in the USA - the number one country for obesity- and New Zealand - the third ranking country for obesity. Studies show, 1/3 young people in USA are overweight or obese as the percentage of obese children 6-11 years old increased from 7% in 1980 to 18% in 2012 while obese 12-19 year olds increased from 5% to 21% over the same
Overall, these childhood obesity treatment efforts are modest and efficient in helping children become more active and having healthier eating habits. These programs have been successful in decreasing childhood obesity; however, more focus could be put on the psychosocial factors of childhood obesity. To combat this issue, an understanding of the psychosocial factors that affect obese children is needed. To evaluate the effectiveness of these intervention programs, the following criteria should be achievable: how accessible is the intervention programs and will the program decrease the psychosocial factors of childhood
Also could be caused by having a eating disorders. It is so easy to get to the fast food restaurants these day like TV showing different things that could catch a kids eye or the parent are too lazy to cook. Most of the time childhood obesity is caused by easy access to food. These day it does not take much to get food because most food places do deliver so people do not have to go get their food. When you watch TV
Both the behavioral and humanistic approach can be used to address the issue of childhood obesity. The behavioral approach can be utilized most by addressing the issue with the children's parents and making changes in their lifestyle and daily habits therefore reflecting back to the child. The humanistic approach could be used by directly working with the children in question and giving them an encouragement and supportive environment. One fundamental concept that relates to the problem of Childhood Obesity is biological. Many obese children are subject to verbal and/or physical abuse from other children which often time leads to eating their problems or depression eating that only adds to the weight gain creating an endless obvious cycle.
Is Child Obesity Hereditary or Parental Negligence? Introduction Child obesity is not merely an issue in the world but it has been seen as an epidemic. The number of overweight and obese children has increased at an alarming rate over the past years, and there is no chance of it slowly down without action being taken. Children suffering from obesity face an increased risk of compromised physical and mental well-being.