The United States in the years right before the Civil War was in chaos as it tried to find ways to keep the country together. Slavery induced this, with the South supporting it while the North made it illegal in their territories. This caused opposing viewpoints in Congress. Luckily, there was a balance of free and slave states in the country, so each party had an equal say on topics. As a result, admitting new states was difficult. Southerners did not want Northerners to have more representatives, and vice versa. Then, in 1820, the Missouri Compromise allowed two states to join the nation, preserving the balance of slave holding and free states. This eased the congressional debate on slavery, until the topic of admitting four free states was introduced. Now, Southerners felt that soon they would be outnumbered, so they threatened to secede. In hopes of keeping the country together, Henry Clay devised the Compromise of 1850. This plan settled …show more content…
Soon, fighting broke out between the two groups, causing Kansas to be called “Bleeding Kansas”. This American mayhem skyrocketed when Chief Justice Roger B. Taney said that Congress had no power to regulate the slavery. The inevitable happened two years later when John Brown, a fervent abolitionist, decided to harm slave supporters. This contributed to the South’s want to secede. The election of Lincoln as president made matters worse as he was an abolitionist. At this point, the southern states believed that they could no longer remain in the Union. They decided to leave and form the Confederate States of America. In this “country”, the government was supposed to have less power than the states and support slavery. At that time, Southerners were annoyed at how the North treated them, so when Union troops set foot on Fort Sumter, a military base that the Confederacy supposedly owned, shots let loose. This was the the first battle of the Civil
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From perfection to imperfection, the United States started a union with 13 states; approximately twenty three years later the union began falling apart. Disagreements, lies and frustration started tearing the lands apart leading to war. Texans fought in the Civil War because of the conflict of slavery, the love for Texas and state rights. The Civil War was the bloodiest in American history with a death count of around 620,000 human lives. Texans fought in the Civil War because of slavery.
Both sections were to be able to decide on the issue of slavery based upon popular sovereignty, and the Missouri Compromise would be gotten rid of. This act was passed some years later under the administration of President Franklin Pierce. In an attempt to end the spread of slavery, anti-slavery northerners formed the Republican Party in direct opposition of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Moreover, uprisings began in Kansas and pro and anti-slavery forces began acting against each other. In 1856 pro-slavery men attacked Lawrence, Kansas.
In 1819, Missouri wanted to join the union as a free state. This upset the Confederacy because it set off the balance between the free and slave states. In order to keep behaviors civil, Congress made a two-part compromise, which allowed Missouri to join as a free state, but Maine also got added in as a free state. The United States had 22 states at the
The North, which were anti-slavery, argued that Congress had the power to prohibit slavery in the new state. Meanwhile, the South,which were pro-slavery, believed that states, rather than the government, should have the right to decide whether they wanted slavery or not therefore they argued that the State of Missouri had the right to decide whether they wanted to be a slave state or not and that it should not be up to the Congress to decide. In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, Congress passed the Missouri Compromise which allowed Missouri to be a slave state and allowed Maine into the Union as a free state to resolve crisis, which a member of Congress, Henry Clay, offered. The history surrounding the nineteenth century led to the establishment of the Missouri
Underlying issues of slavery in American society at the time is what made adding these new states from the territories become problematic. Specifically, the state of missouri wanted to be admitted into the union as a slave state. However, many of the northerners in the union saw this as a threat to the current balance/ratio of slave to free states. Luckily, around the same time, Maine wished to be brought into the union as well. Due to this, the Missouri compromise was drawn up, allowing Missouri to enter as a slave state and Maine as free, keeping the balance in the Senate in check once again.
“It is good that war is so horrible or, we might grow to like it”-Robert E, Lee. Lee is saying that Texans didn’t want to go to war, but their willing to do it for their state’s rights. Events that lead up to the war was when Abraham Lincoln got elected because he was anti-slavery President, and he wanted to end slavery in the united states. Texans fought in The Civil War, to protect states rights, Texas secession, and slavery.
Isabel Prinzi Mr. Falgiano AP U.S. History, Per 8, Pre Civil War DBQ 17 January 2023 To truly achieve compromise, the parties involved must be willing to sacrifice a part of their beliefs and values. There are times when finding a middle ground cannot be achieved, leading to prolonged frustration and stalemate. The Civil War brought to light an issue that had been stalking the land since the founding fathers signed the documents that celebrated the fact that all men were created equal and were endowed by their Creator. Long before the Civil War took place, the North and South were at odds.
Clearly, many were against this idea, and when Zachary Taylor took over he felt that if the new territories reached statehood, then the slavery issue would somehow be resolved. Popular Sovereignty and letting states choose for themselves on whether or not they wanted to enter as free or slave states left the south at a huge disadvantage. Considering that also Washing D.C opposed slavery and the south was outnumbered in congress, the south would be greatly outnumbered causing sectionalism between the north. Because of the rising tension between the north and south, Henry Clay composed The Compromise of 1850 which would allow California to be entered as a free state which tipped the the balance of free and slave states. While his compromise
While the Union’s argument may have been the side that most people would agree with, they were not right in their actions. John Brown, an abolitionist, hated slavery and his fury boiled over into intense violence. After the Sacking of Lawrence, when the south attacked a northern hotel, John Brown retaliated with the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre where he murdered five pro-slavery advocates. Brown later invaded the south and started arming slaves with weaponry to revolt against their owners. In the end, the slaves were re-captured and Brown was
Venturing into the woods, smoke everywhere, bombs flying over your heads, people around you being shot down one by another. This was just the beginning of the Civil War, the harshest war in American history, especially for the Texans. It all started because Abraham Lincoln was elected president, and didn’t want slaves. But, why did the Texans fight? They wanted to keep slavery, protect states’ rights, and overall, for the love of their state, Texas.
Figures such as William Lloyd Garrison and John Brown played a large role in strengthening the abolitionist movement. Garrison was a white abolitionist who wrote The Liberator, which held the message of emancipation of slaves. John Brown was an abolitionist who took matters into physical hands and started what was soon to be called Bleeding Kansas when he took a few of his followers and killed five men to send a message. These two men were few of many who helped stir support and cultivate power for the movement to get slavery abolished. Southerners presumed true that the Northerners were teaching the kids to hate the Southerner’s kids, which had started disagreement at a young age.
Slavery was the dominating reality of all Southern life, especially aspects of life relating to the economy and politics. From the years 1840 to 1860 slavery had a great impact on economics and politics because it played such a critical role. Slaveholders only included a very small amount of the population in the South. About one-fourth of the population in the South owned slaves.
Northern States held a commanding majority in the House of representatives and there was an equal division between the slave and free states which enabled the South to maintain a veto power in the Senate. Henry Clay, the “Great Compromiser” created six proposals that would offer concession, one to the North and open to the South. The bill admitted California as a free state , at the price of a stronger fugitive slave law, created territories of Utah and New Mexico, and allowed popular sovereignty when it came time for each to write its constitution. Most importantly, the compromise abolished the slave trade but not slavery itself arguing it was immoral to buy and sell humans. The sectional forces would soon gather strength and lead to the ultimate disunion.
This issue was discussed in several governmental assemblies/meetings, but since it has such a big role in America’s economy, no one has done much about it. There has been many debates on whether states should be admitted as free or slave states. The government attempted to solve these conflicts by putting in place the Compromise of 1850, The Missouri Compromise, and the Kansas Nebraska Act. These acts did not fulfill to their potential and the country lead to splitting up. The seceding (southern) states joined together to form the Confederate States of America.
The two out four questions that I choose are to 1.) Discuss the causes of the civil war. Cite as many facts as possible to back up your analysis. And answer 2.) If the enduring vision of America is embodied in the Declaration of Independence's statements about equality and universal rights to justice, liberty, and self-fulfillment, how much progress toward those ideals had blacks and women made by 1877?