A man by the name Yegor Letov once said “I am a communist. Communism is when a person overcomes his personal self and turns into more than just 'me'.” (Yegor Letov Quotes). Mr. Letov believed in a society based on communism, which would create similarity between each member of this society. Any choices made would no longer be about ‘yourself’ as he said, but instead would be replaced with the concept to always think as ‘we’. In the book Anthem, the society uses this same concept of ‘we’, but more to an extreme.
Stalin did not fulfil Marx’s envisionment. Stalin drove the citizens of the USSR into the ground and somewhat enslaved everyone. While both had a passion to make communism work, Stalin went down the wrong path in order to make it work. In the readings of Marx, Lenin, and Stalin, I was able to learn a great deal of knowledge about each of their
By relating the story of the labourer in relation to the flagrant exploitation he undergoes, Marx manages to have his message on revolution resonate with many of his readers at that current time. The Manifesto begins by addressing the issue of class antagonism, in its preface, where ‘all history has been a history of class struggles, of struggles between exploited and exploiting, between dominated and dominating classes at various stages of social development’[ Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto, ed. by Jeffrey C. Isaac, (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012).]. J. Elster in ‘An introduction to Karl Marx’ confirms this notion of the ‘contrast and the conflict between the haves and the have nots, the idle rich and the working poor, are constant themes of history. [ J. Elster, An Introduction to Karl Marx, (Cambridge, 1986), chapter 5, p.79.]
Historian George F. Kennan maintains that the ideology and circumstances of the Soviet Union were accountable for the political nature of this communist state. Kennan discusses a distinct pattern of thought and concepts to describe the Soviet Union 's position on capitalism and motivation for their conduct. Kennan understands Russian History to be a significant influence in the nature of the Soviet Union 's conduct and discusses a clear hostility towards capitalism. Capitalism was perceived as a destructive and unjust ideology. It exploited the working class, failed to produce adequate resources and created uneven economic and social distributions.
The Communist Manifesto from the get-go begins with establishing a clear quote "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich (2014-06-06) Kindle Edition. This quote clearly refers to one main issue that will become clear through out the book, and that is how strong and alive class antagonism was, which simply refers to the division of people. Marx also describes class antagonism as “a group of persons sharing the same relationship to the means of production.” When attempting to oust understand Marx’s stance on communism it is important to understand why he believed that their was so much division and why he believed that anyone in society should have the right to become accomplished in anything one wishes. There for I believe that communism as Marx describes it is not necessarily ideal, but he does make certain points questionable and he helps understand what type of society we are living in and how communism can change a society as a whole.
The Communist Manifesto had begin by announcing that, “A spectre is haunting Europe the spectre of Communism.”All of the Europeans had a power of having allied themselves against the Communism, frequently demonizing its ideas.Therefore, the Communists have assembled in London and written this Manifesto in order to make public their views, aims and tendencies, and to dispel the maliciously implanted misconceptions.The Manifesto then shows how the modern bourgeoisie is the product of several revolution in the mode of production and of the exchange. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx inspires revolution through the use of the equality and social structures. There are many types of Communist Manifesto that had an impact on the Fascism but one of them is equality.The Communist Manifesto inspires the revolution the government did not give the people their rights like the higher-class level.” All that we went to do away with is the miserable character of this appropriation, under which the labourer lives merely to increase capital.” And is allowed to live only in so far as the interest of the ruling class requires it.” The other thing that had the Communist Manifesto inspires the revolution is social structures and family structures.The
The proletariat class are able to over through the bourgeoisie class, but we are not sure if anything has really changed. Karl Marx had the idea that the proletariat class are alienated and being repressed. These ideas are themes that continue throughout the book series, in particular the last book, The Deathly
He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism. Out of this revolution, an egalitarian communist society will develop. For Marx, the egalitarian ideal rest upon the principle “from each according to his ability; to each according to his needs” (Marx & Engels,1972:388, orig. 1848). In an egalitarian communist society, the state is the owner of the means of productions and divide the resources fairly between all citizens.
George Orwell’s depiction of Boxer in his novel, Animal Farm, fits precisely into Marx and Engels’ negative critique of capitalism by representing a strong symbol for the proletariat class and succumbing to the powerful demands of the capitalists. Marx and Engels look at capitalism with seriously negative opinions. They regard the system as extremely unsuitable, and are deeply concerned with getting rid of it. In a capitalist society, capitalists own and control the main resources of production - machinery, factories, mines, capital, etc. The modern working classes, or proletariats, own only their labor.
From the above, we can see the essential role played by the capitalist society and its relation to the theory of Marxist aesthetics under the discussion of Marxism. To develop a further understanding in the art history related to Marxism, the materialist art history should also not to be missed out in the context of Marxist aesthetics. From the point of view of Marx and Engels, they believed that the forms of society is the most hostile to art when the society is developed into industrial capitalism in a full way, while the division of material labor and mental labor may have to go through the point of extremeness. (Klingender, 1943) The art history of materialism has focused on the production modes of art, in the other words, the labor of
Mao wanted to add his own twist to communism by introducing mass mobilization of the labor force with the goal of improving industrial and agricultural production (BBC). This had the exact opposite effect because it created a decline of output and, therefore, led to poor harvests and starvation (BBC). His careless dictatorship resulted from steering away from the true objective of communism. Marx’s idea of communism was meant to be positive by expressing concerns for the working classes, yet practice of it became oppressive under the leadership of early communist leaders such Stalin and Mao