On the outside it would seem the capitalist buys the workers labour with money but in fact this is in appearance only. The worker isn't selling him their labour for money but in fact they are selling the capitalist their labor power. Marx describes this labour power as a commodity which its processor will sell to whatever
In the source, the man contains collectivist ideals, explaining that a laissez-faire economy causes problems within the working class. The profit that comes from the labour of the workers goes towards the capitalist and leaves the workers with little money and bad working conditions. This significant inequality will invoke all of the working members to gather together and cause a revolution. The restructuring will create a government with a socialist ideal, meaning that everyone is set out to do jobs according to their ability and they will be provided for according to their needs. These beliefs align with the philosopher Karl Marx, known as the father of communism who promoted an egalitarianism way of thinking.
Social and economic organization within the capitalist society have shaped power relationships between employees and their employers. Employers control the majority of economic power in society due to the ownership of the means of production along with workers reliance on their wages for subsistence. Unions are essential in regaining some of that lost economic power, and the strength of numbers has led to workers making advancements in wages and working conditions. However, unions success has been countered by capitalists through neoliberal policies that facilitate offshoring and increased competition for workers. The instability of job security has derailed unions mightily, and their dependence on their employers for survival has limited the
The second, is alienation from the product. In Marxist time and in today’s modern world we are involved in an abundance of mass production. In a capitalist system, people are placed in a position where they are responsible in making a minor part of the goods. The goods of work belong to the capitalist and is sold for their profit, whereas the workers gain nothing. Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit.
In his writing, he was focused on the social classes struggles for power with the working class against its capitalistic leaders. Marx founded that the market binds the individual producer to the market from which he consumes, as he is dependent on capital for his survival. The worker thus creates a surplus value for the upper class he labors for, helping large-scale industries dominate the market, and creating a larger gap in income inequality, inevitably leading to conflict. With this, Marx took a materialist approach in his philosophy, where he viewed society to be ever changing, and systematically developed in favor of the most dominant productive
He also criticizes the capitalists in European economics. These people collect factories and raw materials for production, pay their laborers wages to produce goods, and as a result produce a profit due to good calculations. Although he says this is the rational thing to do to make more money, it is exploiting lower class laborers. Labor becomes an object, a type of commodity, instead of something people do. Consequently, laborers become an object and lose their humanity.
Karl Marx’s goal in developing this theory on alienation was to help people come to terms with inequality and losing themselves while working. He specifically focused on capitalism and how capitalism forces people to experience a loss of meaning in life. He wanted people to understand that “the worker becomes a slave of his object…” (p. 43). He believed in false consciousness, which is “the inability of the proletariat to see the situation they are in vis-à-vis the bourgeoisie” (Karl Marx PowerPoint). He wanted to educate people for their own sake on how to breakthrough the inequality and save themselves from capitalism.
Without private property, workers or laborers would not also exist. What does alienation means? Alienation is a condition of workers in a capitalist economy, resulting from a lack of identity with the products of their labor and a sense of being controlled or exploited or simply being estranged of oneself. According to Fall (2007), to be alienated from something is to lack wholehearted identification with it and instead to regard it as strange or alien and perhaps as an obstacle in one 's way or as menacing to oneself. Private property ownership arises and as it arises owners seek workers to grow and earn profit.
"What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable" (Marx, 1848). Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels famous work ‘ The communist manifesto’ is on of the most influential doctrines on the theory of Marxism. Marxism, as concluded from Marx and Engels is a conflict theory, which means that it believes that society is based on inequality and unequal distribution of power and wealth. The Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and employs that to the critique and analyse the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change.
In "Commodity Fetishism" , Marx argues that real social relations within a Capitalist Society are garbed under the presence of commodities. Commodities form an intrinsic and vital part of the capitalist society than the human labor. Marx explains that human labor gives value to the product but it appears as if the value results from the nature of the products. Within the capitalist society, value is attached to the commodity itself and no attention is paid towards the labor doled out to produce that commodity. Through his analysis, Marx explains that how a worker feels alienated from the commodity that she produces.