In the years before Lenin’s death, Stalin wasn’t seen as the heir-apparent to be head of the communist party in the Soviet Union. Stalin wasn’t at all important to the forming of the party or the takeover of the provisional government in October. He was an outsider within the party until he was giving commissioner of nationalities which was Stalin’s first leg up in gaining power over the communist party. Moreover, Stalin was a tactical man who would outsmart and maneuver his enemies by manipulating the public before killing off his opponents to rid himself of opposition. The first example of Stalin successfully overcoming opposition begins with Lenin’s death in 1924 and who will become the head of the party.
He was made Commissar of War. As War Commissar he had to task of making a new Red Army. The tricky part bout that was that he had to make the red army out of the “shambles old Russian army.” His task was as stated in the article “Leon Trotsky”, “prepare them to defend the communist government against the imminent threats of civil war and foreign intervention.” His main goal was to create a small but disciplined competent force. He abandoned the revolutionary ideal of democratization and guerrilla tactics got him much criticism from other communists. Trotsky and Stalin had a disagreement over the defence of the city of Tsaritsyn.
Although these were successes, he may have not taken the correct way of placing them. In my opinion, he seemed very demanding and inconsiderate with his reforms. People may have disagreed with reforms and a revolt or uprising was a possibility for Russia. There were cases of uprisings as well. Sattler stated, "Revolts were dealt with swiftly and with great cruelty, and when Peter demanded reforms nothing was allowed to stand in his way."
It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia. For the United States, they were resisting the
Embedded in Russia’s fecund history was The Bolshevik revolution which unraveled between 1917 and 1928. The revolution bore a plethora of social and political changes, which lead to the emergence of the Soviet Union. An individual of immense Significance during this period of social and governmental turbulence was Leon Trotsky whose ideologies and leadership were pivotal factors in the successful fortification of communism in Soviet Russia during 1917 to 1928. I will be keenly and succinctly assessing the contribution of Leon Trotsky to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and arrive at a measured conclusion whether his contributions were significant or extraneous. Leon Trotsky was a man of vast erudition and possessed keen leadership and organizational skills which greatly aided the accession of the Soviet Union.
To a large extent, I disagree with this statement. Authoritarian and single-party leaders unsuccesfully attempted to use force as a means of rising to power and, once this proved to be unsuccesful, reverted to democratic methods in order establish power. This is evident when looking at how Mussolini established his role as Prime Minister in Italy. Mussolini initially used the “Blackshirts”, members of the paramilitary wing of the Fascist movement, as a means of intimidating people into supporting the Fascist Party. This intimidation and violence, however, was unsuccesful in the initial period of the Fascist movement, as shown by the November 1919 election results, when the Fascists did not win a single seat in the Chamber.
Stalin resisted Trotsky’s policies and the two had a bloody clash over what would be Stalingrad. When the communist forces won the Russian Civil War of 1920, Trotsky focused on economic reconstruction. Most of his ideas were unsuccessful. In the winter of 1920-1921 there was an issue about the future role of trade unions. The crisis came to a head in 1921, and at this point Trotsky sided with Lenin, backing the suppression of open factional activities within the party.
Referring to Russia, Wilson stated “The autocracy that crowned the summit of her political structure, long as it had stood and terrible as was the reality of its power, was not in fact Russian in origin, character, or purpose; and now it has been shaken off and the great, generous Russian people have been added in all their naïve majesty and might to the forces that are fighting for freedom in the world…” (Merrill and Paterson 2010, 32). However, that same Russian revolution that deposed Emperor Nicholas II lasted less than a year and its government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks. This had to be a surprise to Wilson, who ended up sending troops to Russia right after the end of WWI to fight the communists. Certainly, I would have chosen the monarch over what was about to come for the Russian people and the
The depth of its hostility however was not to be anticipated—it was caused by poor diplomacy on both sides, misperceptions, and miscommunications. During World War II, there was a multi polar balance of power with seven major powerful states. After the war, the balance of power structure was left with only two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. It was obvious that neither of these two powers would allow one to dominate Europe over the other. Since both states wanted either economic or territorial expansions, they were bound to come into conflict.
Trotsky’s actions caused him to be arrested, and once again, exiled to Siberia (Leon Trotsky Biography par. 6). Even though important figures in the government did not join ranks with the Bolsheviks, many workers and soldiers began to support the Bolshevik party after the February Revolution when Vladimir Ilich Lenin protested for peace and insisted that Soviets, workers’ councils, should take authority and could improve the country. Months after the February Revolution, in October, the Bolsheviks officially ruled Russia, (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica par. 4).
Keynes ignorance observation in the meetings, the treaty turned out to be a peaceful treaty, rather than creating a warlike enterprise. Mr. Veblen mentions how the 14 point of the treaty was drawn up without care and consideration, because of the neglectfulness to detail, the Bolshevist was not aware of menace of the 14 points. During the time the 14 point was being drawn up the Bolshevist was overturning the Soviet Russia. When the Bolshevist finally figured out the 14 points, they had no choice but to quarrel with the Elder Statesmen. The 14 points states that the Bolshevist will be absentee to the ownership, the present economic and political order will also be absentee as well.
Russian Revolution In 1922, as a result of the Russian Revolution, a new political party emerged: the USSR or the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was the world’s first communist state. Communism was a new political and economic model that was supposed to get rid of class distinction. From the beginning, communism opposed capitalism and capitalist countries like the United States. The Russian Revolution united the socialists against the capitalists, with the USSR, a communist country, siding with the socialists.
“The Federalists saw the economic future in manufacturing, but not political role of “common man.” Little faith in democracy.” “Republicans saw political future of “common man” participating in republic, Faith in the new democracy, but failed to see that farming was not economic future.” (Class notes) Each group had ideas that needed support from one another. Because the two only found division and conflict even in situations of unitedness a division was evident. The tension intensified with the Quasi war between France and boiled over when freedom of speech was made illegal with the Alien and Sedition acts. Which was later condemned by the Virginia and Kentucky
He made this decision also because he knew that if he were to change his mind-set from a capitalist to a socialist one there would be more ways of getting the country back to what it used to be even though many people would not agree. President Roosevelt knew what his modus operandi was and would be in terms of making America, “America” again. He knew that the country, as a whole needed to convert to socialism and bear the minds of socialist temporarily. He had to make Americans see where he was coming from and how his plans would benefit everyone even if there weren’t immediate changes . He would say things such as “only a foolish optimist can deny the dark