Karl Marx And Frederick Engels: The Communist Manifesto

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Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. When it was published in 1848 it had little influence, but later became one of the most read documents in the world. It is within the Manifesto that we can see the ideas that shaped history. These ideas were new and different. The three main ideas from it that i will discuss are: The struggles of class, The abolishment of private property and Alienation.

-Struggle with Class
"The history of all hitherto societies has been the history of class struggles", this is the famous opening to Marx's Communist Manifesto. He goes on to describe the past and existing classes of society and the system of hierarchy.
A system of higher
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He felt previous revolutions, e.g. The revolution that swept Europe in 1848 had only substituted one tyrant for another.And as stated in the Communist Manifesto, “The modern bourgeois society has not done away with the struggle of classes, it has formed new classes and new struggles in place of old ones”. (Manifesto, 1848). Marx however felt a complete change was in order. He was in favour of having elections and votes for power, whereas the bourgeois only took power for themselves. (Manifesto, Study guide, 2006). Marx's idea of a revolution can be seen as extreme and demanding but something this extreme and demanding was needed in order to change society.

As I understand Marx wasn't against communism but he felt it could only be in place in countries that are highly industrialised, This is why the first communism revolutions occurred in countries such as China and Russia (Manifesto, Study guide, 2006). Marx's idea of socialism was he's way of abolishing classes indefinitely. And no classes would prove beneficial to the majority of people, especially the lower class.

-Abolishment of Private
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Marx states that a common source of alienation can come from wage labour and capital. In the Communist Manifesto Marx explains how “as labour becomes more unsatisfying, more repulsive, competition increases and wages decrease”, causing the workers to feel less appreciated and undervalued (Communist manifesto study guide).

Marx claims that under bourgeois rule, proletariats experience alienation from birth onwards. The working class are only seen as machines being used and exploited for labour. All individuality is lost and maximum potential is not achieved. Differences between age and gender are no longer distinguished in the society for the working class. I completely agree with Marx here, if I was treated this way I too would feel like nothing less then an animal or a machine, with no speciality or importance. It was this feeling of alienation that spurred on the lower classes to
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