President Wilson shared his vision of a peacekeeping alliance between nations. He tried to shift the goals of alliances from supporting in war to helping to keep peace. Some European powers, however, were still bitter and didn’t feel like making peace, especially not with Germany, which was seen as the main aggressor in WWI. Also, Russia with its new communist government was not a favored treaty partner for western powers. The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated.
As mentioned in ‘War, the American State, and Politics since 1898’, with regards to the Korean War being distinct to the Cold War, “the U.S. Army’s integration … had a galvanizing influence on the extension of new rights for a marginalized minority group that served honorably in an armed conflict”. The Korean War was also seen as an internal conflict as it began with Kim and Rhee. There were plans to unite Korea during the Moscow Conference. Rhee strongly opposed but Kim was in favor as he had the support of USSR. The subsequent forming of 2 separate governments of different ideology within the same country was indication of a civil war.
One of the main causes that had started the cold war was Europe , Britain and the Usa believed that some areas of europe were falling under communist control .Even though the two countries never really declared war on each other they did fight indirectly. The Cold War was a long time of fighting between some of the Western side of the country and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west side was led by the United States and the Eastern side was led by the Soviet Union. It started in 1945 and ended in 1989 . The Cold War had started just after World War II had ended in 1945 .
immediately intervened in the beginning of the Korean War. This is mainly because the capitalist country was extremely afraid of communism spreading around the world, particularly Asia, and would do anything to stop it. The events following the U.S. joining the war created a tension between the country and the Soviet Union, which will later lead to the “Cold War”, because of the U.S.’ plans on stopping the spreading of communism throughout different parts of the globe. The whole conflict between the two countries was caused mainly caused by communism and one’s desire of dominating the whole world. Due to the U.S. worrying about the Soviets’ plans on spreading communism, they centered their foreign policy on the containment of communism, both home and abroad.
The Arduous Struggle Against Communism The Cold War was not the stereotypical war, instead, it involved many different strategies and approaches to try and resolve a conflict between two great powers. Although the United States and Soviets had fought together during World War II, they soon entered a time of pressure between the two, better known as the Cold War. The textbook explains the policy of containment as a way of fighting communism with the use of the military, military aid, and economic aid(Ayers,et al 819). The three presidents that were in office during the Cold War preferred using different aspects of the policy and each president’s mistakes helped influence the next president 's choices. Before the Cold War, Truman had been the one to make the final decision to use the first nuclear bomb and he saw the devastation it had brought with it.
Russia and France were against this, however. At France, the more western side, Germany was against France and Britain. At Russian Poland, the more eastern side, Germany, also helping Austria-Hungary, was against the Russians. Italy joined France and Britain because of a promise of some land at Austria and the Middle East, but they did not get as much as they had wanted. The world war began in Europe, but it also spread to the world.
The U.S and Russia were never friends just simply war allies working against a common foe. Following WWII the U.S and Russia sought to spread their government influence of capitalism and communism with the world. With differences in ideas the U.S feared that communism would take over the world and it was their job to allow each nation the freedom to be govern by the people. The cold war was never a direct war but more of a series of proxy wars. The countries never declared war on one another but rather contained the expansion of each other’s influences.
Competition with each other for better nuclear weapons and space arms all contributed to the increasing tensions between the two countries. The Cold war was also caused by mistrust,misconceptions,and misunderstandings on both sides. There were many things that led to the Cold War. It can be summarized into two main points: the competition and growing tensions between the USSR and USA due to their political difference, the nuclear arms race. The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other.
It was set up not only to deter an attack on Europe by the Soviet Union, but also to alley West European fears of revival of German militarism (Martin Griffiths,Terry O'Callaghan&Steven C. Roach, 2007). Moreover, from the political perspectives, US does so simply and mainly to balance its power with China who apparently seems cunning and bullying over many world’s issues. Another example that indicate this term is Cold War. Between 1947 and 1991, the international system was dominated by bipolarity; Russia and United States had the status of superpower and, as Mearsheimer suggests, due to the balance of power determined by the bipolar system, “the post-war era, the period of the Cold War, has been much more peaceful” (Voinea,
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides involved in the conflict, although there were major regional wars, known as proxy wars, supported by the two sides. The Cold War split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the Soviet Union and the United States as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences. The USSR was a Marxist–Leninist state ruled by its Communist Party and secret police, who in turn were ruled by a dictator (Stalin) or a small committee ("Politburo").
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.
1948 became very tense as Soviet planes went over the U.S. planes that were over East Germany, The Soviets didn’t try to shoot down any of the Western, because such it might lead to war. In 1949, the Soviets reopened the borders in order to meet with the Council of Foreign Ministers, to try to have some influence on the Western Allies ' plans for the future of Germany. Even though the Soviets lifted the blockade in May, the airlift did not end until September 30 because the allies wanted to build good amounts in West Berlin in case the Soviets blockaded it again. The blockade brought greater tension into the Cold War. It didn’t prevent an independent West Germany, but rather it fastened Allied plans to set up the state.
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.
The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however. And although the Soviet Union successfully infiltrated the United States information bases, and therefore knew more about atomic materials in the United States, Truman`s choices can be considered successes as they prevented many dangerous outcomes. Such as when leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin, approved North Korea`s invasion of the South , the United States were able to react in a way that prevented further harm to the situation, however shocked the Americans were at the
Douglas MacArthur stated, “It seems strangely difficult for some to realize that here in Asia is where the communist conspirators have elected to make their play for global conquest, and that we have joined the issue thus raised on the battlefield; that here we fight Europe 's war with arms while the diplomats there still fight it with words; that if we lose the war to communism in Asia the fall of Europe is inevitable, win it and Europe most probably would avoid war and yet preserve freedom. As you pointed out, we must win. There is no substitute for victory.” Truman was in favor of containment, simply keeping North Korea north of the 38th parallel. Seeing this, MacArthur overstepped his bounds and openly criticized the President. Truman promptly had him removed.