1. Lord Baltimore Lord Baltimore was the first of the English elites who received a proprietary colony from Charles I to populate, administrate, and protect. The king at the time was rewarding noblemen shares of the Virginia Company’s surrendered territories to create English colonies. Baltimore acquired his portion in 1632, with alleviation from royal taxation, the authority to employ judges, and the privilege of assembling a resident nobility. Baltimore intended the colony he named Maryland to be a sanctuary for England’s small population of victimized Catholics.
These two colonies were different, yet had a number striking similarities in government's, reasons for settlements, and differing economic activities. He joined the Puritans. Reformers who wanted to purify the Church of England and separate from it. With other Puritans, he migrated to Holland in search of religious freedom. ” The quote is describing William Bradford, who was a Puritan who moved to Holland and established the colony of Plymouth for religious freedom.
In the 1500s, the Protestant Reformation swept through England and caused people like John Calvin to make up their own religions. Henry VIII made the Anglicanism the official religion of England, and any dissenters, even dissenters who belonged to the Church of England, were persecuted. Puritans were some of these dissenters, and they migrated to the New World seeking religious freedom, a place to live the way they believed was pleasing to God. As the Puritans' lives were shaped by their religion, so too did their religious values and ideas influence the political, social, and economic development of the New England colonies. That their belief that people should obey religious authority and their value of unity shaped the northern colonies'
The settlers at Jamestown were members of the Anglican faith, the official Church of England. The colony was a representative government. The first representative legislative assembly in America convened in Jamestown’s Church at the end of July 1619, and it underlined that the colonists would have some say in running their own affairs. The Virginia colonists settled in the territory of the Powhatan Indians; the unstable relationship had already begun. Vast differences in culture, philosophies, and the English desire for dominance because they saw the Natives as savages, were obstacles too great to overcome.
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
People were poor and some migrated to this country in the hope of quick wealth. Individuals from England and Europe began to migrate to America. The book gives a detailed account of the first houses, or rather huts which have been built in America. The book also gives an account of the Pennsylvania Dutch. They were the settlers who came to America from Germany.
He used to oppose many teachings and sayings of the Roman Catholic Church. His “95 Theses,” which was based on two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been presented before, Martin Luther codified them at a moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided, and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by Luther’s ideas. His writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West.
“Amish Mennonites began migrating to Pennsylvania in the 18th century. This migration was a reaction to religious wars, poverty, and religious persecution on the Continent” (Hostetler). Soon the Amish community was growing and moving into other states, counties, and cities. Some of the Amish congregations stayed in Europe and merged with the Mennonites. The Mennonites are people that hold the same beliefs as the Amish people, but are less conservative (Patton).
Jamestown served as the capital of the colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699. History In June of 1606, King James I granted a charter to a group of London entrepreneurs, the Virginia Company, to establish an English settlement in the Chesapeake region
The five landmarks in the Protestant Reformation that were significate were Martin Luther , the 95 theses, the printing press, the translation of the bible into German, & Calvinism. The Roman Catholic Church was overrun with ambitious individuals who sought power and control. These landmarks were all significant in reforming the Roman Catholic Church in its beliefs and practices. Martin Luther is the primary source for beginning the Protestant Reformation. Luther publicly criticized the Catholic Church and its authority.