Communist Manifesto Reaction

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The Communist Manifesto was originally published in 1848 as a reaction to the changing times of the Industrial Revolution. Written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, both of whom were German theorist, the Manifesto sought to clearly lay out the positions and goals of the Communist League. The short tract was translated into many languages to unite the many socialist movements of Europe. The composition has since become the defining work of Marx and Engels. Drastic changes in innovation and urbanization during the Industrial Revolution led Karl Marx and Frederick Engels to call for a radical reaction by the proletariat. They also made many predictions, including the continued pauperism of the proletariat, the vanishing of the middle class, and the crumbling of the bourgeoisie, which are shown to be severely misguided by today's capitalist society.
In the time when Marx and Engels were writing the Manifesto, there was a great deal of innovation, especially in terms of the improvement and increased use of machinery versus human labor. New forms of energy allowed for an increased output of goods and services. This use of “steam and machinery revolutionized industrial production” (10). Over the course of less than a hundred years, mankind appeared to pull itself out of barbarism into a new age of unprecedented production and
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With the creation of factories, many people moved to the city. Both blamed this change on the bourgeoisie, saying, “The bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns” (13). Yet they also admitted that it had brought some good about as the creation of “enormous cities has greatly increased the urban population as compared with the rural” and consequently “rescued a considerable part of the population from the idiocy of rural life” (13). Not only was there a consolidation of populations and cities, but also
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