This term has its roots in Latin usage in connection with the condition of unconsciousness and loss of one 's mental power. From the psychological point of view, it means ‘abandonment ' loss, insanity and derangement of mental faculties. According to Marx, the alienation of the worker in his product means that not only solely that his labour becomes an associated object, assumes an external existence however that it exists independently, outside himself which it stands against him. Marx distinguishes clearly between externalization and the alienation of the product. According to Marx, the alienation of product
This sociological study will analyze the problem of commodity fetishism in American consumer culture. Karl Marx’s theory of commodity fetishism is a major problem in the United States due to the inability of consumers to see the intrinsic value of a commodity. American consumer culture tends to become trapped in the “magical qualities” of a product, which makes them unable to understand the object as it was made by a laborer. This abstraction of the commodity is part of Marx’s analysis of capitalist products that is separated from the labor and become valuable objects in and of themselves. This is an important sociological perspective on commodities, which creates an irrational consumer culture in the American marketplace.
Thus there is the alienation of the worker in the capitalist economy; the worker lacks control over the' disposal of his products, since what he produces is appropriated by others, so that he does not benefit from it. It is the core principle of the market economy that goods are produced for exchange; in capitalist production, the exchange and distribution of goods are controlled by the operations of the free market. The worker is alienated in the work task itself: if the product of labour is alienation, production itself must be active alienation; the alienation of activity and the activity of alienation. The work task does not offer intrinsic satisfactions which make it possible for the worker ‘to develop freely his mental and physical energies ', since it is labour which is imposed by force of external circumstances
At some point in their professional jobs people will most likely experience a disconnect or alienation to their job. According to Dalton Conley, author of the book “You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking like a Sociologist”, he notes that even though Smith and Simmel saw the benefits of the division of labor, Marx saw alienation. Dalton defines alienation as, “A condition in which workers are dominated by forces of their own creation that then confront them as alien powers” (Conley 2015), which comes with working in a capitalist society. Alienation occurs when the worker is not allowed to express individuality in the industrial jobs controlled by the bourgeoisie. This is because capitalists ensure that workers can be exploited to attain the maximum surplus value while being isolated from the products they produce.
Marx thought that social stratification is created by the unequal access to the productive properties. The capitalist or also called the bourgeoisie, exploit their workers by only paying them as much as necessary to scratch a living. The workers are not aware of their invidious position as they take the ideologies, norms and values which the capitalists promotes, for granted. Marx predicted a revolution of the workers. He believed that the proletariat will become aware of its misery and will unite to overthrow the capitalists and capitalism.
Marx believed that the base of a society lied in the economics and that the owners, who were making profit, were over the workers/laborers. This was wrong because the profit owners would create a “superstructure” that was made up by the state military, police, education, religion and ideology. Marx interpreted the “superstructure” as being, “…not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Ball eat
According to Karl Marx, in Alienated Labor, he believes that labor power becomes a commodity. He states “alienation is shown not only in the result but also in the process of production, in the producing activity itself.” Although Immanuel Kant explains in Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals his different views, his ending principles in philosophy come to agreement with Marx’s views. John Stuart Mill in Utilitarianism, on the other hand, has a completely different view on the Greatest Happiness Principle. Now, what precisely does Marx mean when he says “Man is a species- being”? Marx states that labor “not only produces commodities.
(Bowie 2013, 42) Therefore one could believe that the reason for why economics is a foe of ethics, is mainly because of the classical equilibrium economies, in which the economy is formed by the behaviours of individuals and firms. To expand, Bowie argues that the ideological "assumptions" which underpin equilibrium economics "obliterates ethics" (Bowie 2013, 32) However, Bowie's position is uncertain because he believes that the world of economics has moved past this theory of classic equilibrium
From the above, we can see the essential role played by the capitalist society and its relation to the theory of Marxist aesthetics under the discussion of Marxism. To develop a further understanding in the art history related to Marxism, the materialist art history should also not to be missed out in the context of Marxist aesthetics. From the point of view of Marx and Engels, they believed that the forms of society is the most hostile to art when the society is developed into industrial capitalism in a full way, while the division of material labor and mental labor may have to go through the point of extremeness. (Klingender, 1943) The art history of materialism has focused on the production modes of art, in the other words, the labor of
The fact that they created another class who are the beneficiaries of their labour, further divides them. In Marx’s views, it is the final type of alienation which is known as alienation from fellow humans. Theory of Alienation in The Contemporary World Alienation at work was depicted by Marx in the 1840s, yet keeps on being significant today. The Industrial Revolution constrained individuals into unfulfilling processing plant occupations that irritated them. The issue continued into the twentieth and 21st centuries, especially in low self-governance employments.