He also criticizes the capitalists in European economics. These people collect factories and raw materials for production, pay their laborers wages to produce goods, and as a result produce a profit due to good calculations. Although he says this is the rational thing to do to make more money, it is exploiting lower class laborers. Labor becomes an object, a type of commodity, instead of something people do. Consequently, laborers become an object and lose their humanity.
The worker realizes that his labors to be accomplished through the labor frustrated and leads to discouragement and frustration. To escape from the dead end must either review expectations in time either be detached from the labor area, the cause of that stress. Apathy: The last stage of work burnout, defined as apathy, the worker escapes any obligation towards others, despite the fact that is trying to fight the disappointment and frustration affecting his profession. Basically continues to labor for financial causes, even though invests diminutive energy for his responsibilities and ignores the necessities of its clients, to protect the lack that he feels towards them (Edelwich & Brodsky,
‘Focusing on capitalism and wage workers’ “estranged labour,” Marx broke with Hegels “ abstract” emphasis on consciousness and equation of objectification with alienation(Ritzer 2000:96) In the profound theory of alienation Marx continued to answer questions of the development of capitalism. He found that workers in a capitalist society do not possess the raw materials machines or factories in which they work with, but are owned by the capitalists in which the labours have to sell their ability to work in return of a wage. This arrangement of work shows four relations that lie at the centre of Marx 's theory of alienation 1, the worker is cut off or alienated from their productivity and not having any say in deciding what to do or actions to approach the productive activity that is given by the capitalist whom sets the conditions and speed that the labourer should be completing and having complete control the decision if the worker can work or not. Marx saw this as the ‘unequal relation between persons.’ (Ritzer 2000:101) 2, workers are alienated from the product meaning they have no control to how the product is being handled once it has left their station the labour is not free or enjoyable. ‘Marx saw all social life as bearing the imprints of material conditions’ (Ritzer 2002:107) 3, workers are alienated from others and their natural environment.
In his opinion, the division of labor and class inequality will eventually bring about the social stratification. Marx said: “he does not fulfil himself in his work but denies himself, has a feeling of misery rather than well-being, does not develop freely his mental and physical energies but is physically exhausted and mentally debased. The worker, therefore, feels himself at home only during his leisure time, whereas at work he feels homeless. His work is not voluntary but imposed, forced labor. It is not the satisfaction of a need, but only a means for satisfying other needs”.
This is because capitalism has three significant disadvantages. The first is that capitalism is outdated. Capitalism was useful at one point but its usefulness eventually ran out which would lead to the establishment of a freer Communist society. The second reason is that capitalism leads to isolation. According to Marx, under capitalism the workers were isolated for four different reasons:- • The workers are labourers who do not own the means of production or the products they create which is why they are isolated from the product.
However, this behaviour, as Marx believed based on Chris Hedges’ article, would cause capitalism to eventually exhaust its potential and collapse. Since capitalists are trying to gain as much profit as possible, there are no adjustments made in their conduct and decisions even though their actions are worsening the economic growth and social well-being in the country as a whole. Thus, capitalists keep competing with one another instead of cooperating with each other to solve the problems arising from their
As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too. So, it is the proletarians who are expected to eventually destroy the bourgeoisie. Proletarians base their living off of the way they live. As long as they can find some kind of work and their labor increases capital. The proletarians live a different lifestyle and they can be vulnerable to everything going on in society and because of the new developments and divisions of labor, proletarians wage decreases.
Beckton 1. Employees of this organization are characterized by high reluctance and strong lack of job satisfaction. There is a general dissatisfaction among them, that can be seen poor communication between the management and workers, and Human Resource seems to not understand the benefits resulting from the motivation of employees. The diagnosis of these problems will allow the organizations on the exact analysis of the reasons cause dissatisfaction, if management board understands how important it is job satisfaction will allow them to create a motivation system, which should effect on improvement of job satisfaction and following on the job performance. The creation of such a motivation system through rewards and development will have a positive impact on the development of motivation level and job satisfaction and following on the job performance.
To make matter worse, modernization theory, which Marxism believes is an essential element of capitalism, further worsens the imbalances between the economic classes. For example, globalization advocates for lesser intervention of government in economic activities but Marxists believe that such action would encourage the growth of bourgeoisie while proletariats would always suffer. Thus, Marxism is a humanity-cantered philosophy. It is also an activist view of looking at the society. It recognizes the constraints upon human action and also acknowledges that those constraints are the creations of other sets of human beings.
Thus this increase in engaging contract labour in the core operational and technically sophisticated jobs has posed a serious challenge to industrial relations at workplaces. Here are some challenges in different perspectives- To Industrial Unit: The cost of employing contract labour is infact dearer beside the service charges payable to the labour contractor. The industry works with thin profit margins cannot afford to spend extra percent more towards the service charge payable to the labour contractor. Due to Government’s policy of abolition of Contract Labour from one operation to the other, industry is finding it difficult to engage extra hands to discharge short-term contract including export commitments; as a result, employment generation is also