As the great technological advancement has raised our standard living, it brought some bad effects on our environment, specifically in some bodies of water. A lot of bodies of water got polluted so it can no longer serve its purpose on which it should be used for: source of drinking water, source of food, for recreation and others. Various efforts are being embarked to find the solution on the problems of water pollution especially chemical pollution. These problems caused people to use a more advanced technology to preserve water. Different sewage treatments are increasingly being used to address the problem on pollution like bioremediation.
(2006) reported that transition from synthetic fertilization to compost tea may be feasible because much of the environmental pollution was happened in recent years. Also, tea produced from compost manure suppressed plant disease. Enteshari et al. (2012) mentioned that excessive use of fertilizers disturb the ecological balance and biological environment and also has caused many environmental hazards. However, using of organic compost reduces the negative effects of chemical fertilizer and improves water retention and enhances soil
Proper waste disposal is very important in making sure that the place and environment is free from any waste that can cause health risks. For a clean and healthy environment, it is required to constantly clean the area, and have a garbage bin to help in keeping the area clean and free from harmful bacteria. Enger, Smith and Bockarie (2009) mentions that the products that people use can potentially be a hazardous waste (p. 415). An example of this is the plastic which can therefore generate organic chlorine compounds. An example of this is the organochlorine pesticides which are synthetic pesticides.
The traditional method of burning the waste can make harm to environment. For example, PVC (polyvinylchloride) after burning produces some organic pollutants (PoPs) such as furans and dioxins. (14) To solve global issue, the development of efficient microorganisms and product produce by them is an urgent need. (16) 4. PLASTIC
(Chandran N.D.,2010). Thus incorporation of hydrocarbons in natural environment is not desirable, makes its treatment and proper disposal inevitable. Various important processes influence the fate of hydrocarbons in nature, like sorption, volatilisation, abiotic transformation (chemical or photochemical), and bioransformation. Since microorganisms play an important role in biogeochemical cycles, the biotransformation is of major concern. The other methods mentioned either just fixes or transports the contaminants or are not very effective in nature (Peixoto R.S., 2011).
Role of Microbes in Hydrocarbon Degradation INDEX • Introduction • Rationale of Studies • Objective of the experiment • Materials and Methods • Factors Affecting Microbial Hydrocarbon Degradation Activity • Result and Discussion • Reference • Introduction – Hydrocarbon enter in environment accidently or due to human activity. It affects both marine and terrestrial ecosystem. They are some micro-organism which survive this due to their different enzymatic and physiological response. Hydrocarbon are the pollutants that cause mutation and sometime may be death when enter in environment. We can use different technology to remove hydrocarbons like burying, evaporation, dispersion and washing but these methods can be very costly, so we use microbes for this purpose.
There are a few things that an individual can do to help. Learning about the issue is the greatest and most important step to take. An individual should never throw rubbish away anyhow but always look for the correct waste bin. If there is none around it is advisable to take it home and put it in one’s trash can and this includes places like the beach, riverside and water bodies. By so doing one would have made a huge difference in pollution reduction.
Jute is a 100 percent biodegradable and eco-friendly material and doesn't contaminate our environment or surrounding like plastic items and poly bags, and we ought to energize the use of jute and jute products with the goal that we can likewise add to our environment to influence our planet to perfect and healthy place to live in. Advantages of Eco-friendly Jute Products: As the greater part of us don't think about the advantages of the jute as it is an exceptionally valuable material. I might want to specify some of them as takes after follows. Jute is a fiber type element which can be utilized to influence different sorts of various items and merchandise to like jute bags, jute floor coverings, jute mats, jute shopping bags, jute stationery,
Textile industries are important contributor to many national finances. Any industrial action causes pollution in the textile industry. The force of textile production on the environmental aspects such as air, water, land and human body, and the community aspects such as child labour and poor unhygienic working conditions must be considered. Recently, another element is introduced for the environment friendliness of the finished merchandise. This includes the ban on certain azo dyes, which are known or suspected to be carcinogenic.