Cooperation and hard work were part of the Pilgrim's lifestyle. Nevertheless, they too were plagued with hunger, disease, and environmental hazards. The Pilgrims were dissenters from the Church of England and established the Puritan or Congregational Church. Since New England was outside the jurisdiction of Virginia's government, the Pilgrims established a self-governing agreement of their own, the "Mayflower Compact." Prior to the Pilgrims' arrival, an epidemic wiped out the majority of the New England Indians.
Document A explains from a Puritan point of view how much community was valued. Their desire for togetherness influenced the way their towns were organized, and, in turn, how close the colonists were to one another. Puritans' value of closeness and community also led to stable families. Family closeness was evidenced by Puritans traveling as whole families, unlike colonists in the Chesapeake, who were mostly single males. Divorce was basically illegal in New England, except under two circumstances: adultery and outright abandonment.
They were strictly condensed through religious studies in order to lean how to read and write. They had no sense of privacy throughout their childhood and no freedom. Most wore the same clothes as they were portrayed as the same status of intelligence. Commonly, puritans believed that well and behaved educated children would make a connection of purification though god, themselves, their relatives and the rest of the puritan
As we know it, the Pilgrims sought for peace and a new way of living that was fair, just and free from religious corruptions. While both settlers were met with Natives of the new land, each had two profound differences as to how they went about communicating and living with them. In order to best answer the question that still is of relevance to today’s nation, “Why did Plymouth, rather than Jamestown, earn pride of
They felt like society in England was corrupt and straying away from Christian belief so they sought for religious freedom and the idea that they could start a colony that would be whole and unified in God. By doing this, they ran into another form of division when they came across the Native Americans who were already habitants of the land. The Puritans looked at these people as if they were animals or savages and built a wall of division between the two different cultures of people. In John Smith’s, “A General History of Virginia, he said, “Each hour expecting the fury of the savages, when God, the patron of all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the hearts of the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits and provisions that no man wanted.” This just shows you of how they viewed the natives and since it wasn’t one of them, then they were bad people. Instead of trying to get along and work with the Indians, they fought them so that they could have land to establish their colony on.
The Pilgrims were also religiously intolerant of other religions, and believed that theirs were the correct religion. The factors. geography and religion, both helped shape the southern, and Plymouth colonies differently, The Southern colonies had a longer growing season which meant more cash crops, and the Plymouth colonies had a short growing season so that meant farms for only the family. These were how the colonies were
Two different colonies that started out on the land of America around the same time period, Plymouth, and Jamestown; they sailed to America for the same reason, freedom. Known as the Puritans, Plymouth came to America for the freedom of religion, and they did not want to associate themselves with the Church of England. Similar to the Puritans, the Jamestown colonists arrived in the New World in search for gold, silver and precious stones. During the arrival these colonists expected to receive many goods from the America in exchange of a small amount of labor. Although the colonies have a similar desire coming to America, each colony' perspective toward the New World differed.
Socially, the Puritans had certain ideals that related to the community coming together as a close family. The Puritans had a huge influence on New England politically through their government as shown in documents A, F, G,and H. Document A is from John Winthrop, as he discusses how all of the Puritans must work together in order for this colony of theirs to work, “...wee must be knit together, in this worke, as one man.” Which is taken to interpret a government run by a group of people,which is basically the sort of government
The Puritans were plaster saints. In other words, they considered themselves humans without failings. Puritans are primarily remembered for their devout faith, their repressive religious code, and their repressive and violent attitudes towards women and children. The Oxford English Dictionary confirms these attributes by stating, “A Puritan is a person who practices or who is characterized by extreme strictness or austerity in religion, morals.” Their extreme moral code caused the Puritans to have a sense of superiority to anyone who was not following their lifestyle. John Winthrop summarizes what he believes are the statutes of what Puritans should live by in, “A Model of Christian Charity.” Winthrop’s writings are based on his interpretation of bible scriptures.
Essentially, Puritans are expected to follow a strict set of religious and moral guidelines from which their actions and morality are derived. According to Hall’s A Reforming People, these moral expectations first introduced by the pilgrims were the driving force behind the power that the Puritan ministry had over society: “Ministers and laypeople looked ﬁrst to congregations as the place where love, mutuality, and righteousness would ﬂourish, and second to civil society. …Alongside love, mutuality, and righteousness they placed another set of values summed up in the word “equity.” Employed in a broad array of contexts, the concept of equity conveyed the colonists’ hopes for justice and fairness in their social world.” (Hall, 127). This idea of a fair and just society was the centerpiece of Puritan society, and it subsequently led to the virtue of community over the individual which was previously discussed. When it comes to The Scarlet Letter, the ideology that Puritan morality is fundamental to everything is truly front and center.