The early Virginia and New England colonies differed politically, socially, and economically due to the situations that the settlers faced. Throughout many of the letters written about some of the experiences of the earlier settlers, one can easily see a major difference in the way of life of the two colonies. Although many of these colonies differed in the way of life, each colony faced some similar things that they each had to overcome. These challenges made a massive difference in the way that each of the colonies started out and directly influenced the future for both colonies. When these challenges are faced, many of the settlers will create the foundations of their political, social, and economic systems.
The goal of the Spanish conquerors and colonizers in the beginning was not to provide a Native American economic life, but to enrich the Spanish metropolis with riches brought from the America’s. The first goal was the exploitation for the Spanish Crown. The conquerors had not come to America to work or settle in distant lands and start a new life. Most conquerors wanted to find enough gold and riches to be able to live like a gentleman. Living the wealthy life would became impossible without creating some productive economy in the New World.
The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
Kaplan, conversos were viewed with disdain during the early fifteenth century due to their ability achieve social advancement regardless of their status converts. He states “This perception was shaped by the forced nature of the mass conversions of the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, which produced neophytes who had little time to become educated in Christian doctrine” (25). Netanyahu states that many of the conversos “were extremely reluctant to stop performing all the Commandments, and even more so to take part in Christian rites and ceremonies” he continues “Nevertheless, such behavior was dictated to them not only by the laws of Church and state, but also by economic necessity; in fact, their survival depended on their readiness to behave publicly as Christians” (207). Therefore, it is not surprising that literature of this period reflected that need to demonstrate Christian knowledge. Kaplan refers to Albert S. Sicroff's research to develop the argument that “Purity of blood became an accepted convention for articulating a distinction between Old and New Christians, according to which conversos were 'guilty by association,' that is, their blood was unclean because they were essentially considered to be indistinguishable from Jews”
The original investors in Jamestown knew the risks they were taking and believed they could profit. They founded Jamestown in hopes of finding gold to sell. At first, there were certainly hardships. Connections with the natives were sour and there was actually little gold to find. Also, most settlers were unwilling to work.
How can survival be possible for both new Martians and Puritans landing on unknown soil? Well the Puritans had to develop a system of commerce with towns such as Marblehead “the Puritans allowed this for the sake of commerce. Many skills were necessary for a vibrant economy” (us history). These skills included farming and fishing they wanted to learn this new way of living to sustain their existence. On hand other they had no official training before they departed England therefore being assessing no survival skills having to rely on the Indians.
The missionaries were sent over here to spread their beliefs. They were Christian, so they were sent to the Americas to convert the natives to Christianity. I feel like that wouldn’t be their main priority. It was obviously important to them, but they needed the resources and land more than they needed their faith. This means that they were either merchants or explorers.
It was interesting to learn that race was not an immediate issue in the colonies until the intense need for labor came into play. It’s amazing how the people who first came to America as Christians who were seeking freedom of religion and freedom from poverty were so quick to turn on members of another race to better their lifestyles. It seems strange that Whites felt differently about Native Americans in the beginning than they did African Americans. I guess the difference would be that when Europeans first settled here they needed help learning the lay of the land and realized that cooperation with the Natives allowed for better success in their adventures. This allowed them to rationalize the idea that Natives were practically White and
The native americans saw spirits and gods in almost everything, while the Europeans did not think the same way. The Europeans would pray but would not take religion as earnestly as the natives. The commandments say to “Love thy Neighbor”, but the Europeans not only take advantage of the natives, but also take their land. Alongside the religious aspect of their differences, money was also a big factor in the bias. Native Americans did not need money to live in tranquility, as they did before the Europeans came into the picture.
The only place on their small block where you could stand or sit and not see the Bridge – though you could still hear it – was in the left hand corner of the front yard, under the canopy of an old plum tree. The front yard was a mess of trees and bushes that Mandy had let grow as a filter for the dusty dirty oily air. They were there to block the view of the oil tanks across the road, of the trucks and semis, of the Bridge – they were only partly successful but whenever Jo suggested they might cut some of the trees down, replace them with natives, tidy up the front yard Mandy refused, she couldn’t bear to be exposed to the