“Also during this period, Johannes Gutenberg invented a functioning printing press that allowed books, including Bibles, to be printed at a faster rate thereby making them more available, cheaper, and accessible.” (The Church in Moral Crisis: Prelude to the Reformation) Gutenberg’s printing press allowed cultural diffusion to happen at a quicker rate. Cultures mixed and literature was spread quickly, allowing books like the Bible to be accessed easily. Without Gutenberg’s printing press, books would not be so common and the way learning in schools is today would change drastically. “Gutenberg 's printing technology quickly spread from Mainz to Subiaco in Italy (1465), Paris (1470), and London (1476). By the beginning of the 16th century, there were approximately 240 printing shops in Europe.” (The Spread of Printing).
The articulation was smooth throughout most sections. However, some sections there was a switch to separate articulation mainly showed in the violin, such as the B is separate and F section ends with separate. The piano sections were separate, as well. The rhythm for most part was split in half the beginning half of the piece the rhythm was slow. A contrast would happen in the piece making the rhythm fast but would return to a slow rhythm in the next section.
The Classical Period followed the ostentatious Baroque Period: a time when the music was energizing and had a moving harmony. Enlightenment coincided with the Classical Period making this a time of growth and new ideas because people were able to think freely. Due to the new ideas, the world was introduced to new musical genres, instruments, forms, and styles. Probably one of the most well-known genre to come out of this period was the Classical Symphony Orchestra. Mozart’s Symphony No.
Each piece has a consonant harmony that is pleasing to the ear, and a homophonic texture. The pieces all carry some of the basic melody as well, with changes in format and differences in rhythm. Garland’s melody begins with a cheerful jump in octave on the first lyric of the song, just as Kamakawiwo’oles does for the first two notes. Unlike Garland’s version were each stanza returns to the base or tonic note of the octave, Kamakawiwo’ole ends the stanza climbing to the highest note of the octave introduced in the beginning. In Tatum’s version the main melody is often lost under the many harmonies and embellishments he provides, in contrast to Kamakawiwo’oles were the melody is always present.
Since the piece is so long, there are many themes and section s that are displayed. That being said, there are some common tones and groupings that repeat themselves. One key featured the piece uses is ritornellos and episodes. At first, this piece might not seem like a concerto, especially compared to those typical of western art music. The solo voice isn’t at all like the ones found in concertos like Vivaldi or Bach.
Very long pieces, or very short pieces. Dynamic markings like fff instead of f. One of the most prominent concepts of the romantic period was rubato, a pushing or pulling of tempo. In a general sense, romantic music was played with much more freedom and emotion than classical
Colonial and contemporary America have many similarities and differences. Differences can be obvious because our country has advanced so drastically over the different generations, but the similarities should not go unnoticed. Although there are many, major comparisons to be made between these two eras are their music and modes of transportation. Music has evolved greatly in America over the years. Colonial America’s music was played with instruments like the harpsichord, violin, fiddle, hammered dulcimer, tabor pipe, drum, and recorder.
Furthering the ease of access to higher education, the printing press’s creation in the fifteenth century allowed for greater production of books. Prior to the printing press, paper had been exported from Italy since the fourteenth century, which reduced the cost of creating books. With the growing literacy rates, creation and exportation of paper, cheaper production costs of books, and the demand for more books paved the way for the creation of the printing press. Although the printing press did increase the literacy rate, its main usage by Gutenberg, the creator, was to print multiple copies of the Bible, now known as the Gutenberg Bibles. Because people could read or, if they were wealthy enough, purchase the Bible, there was less of a need for the clergy to recite it.
Therefore the movements are much longer then those of the classical era. There was also innovations and advances in the orchestra that allowed more dramatic melodies. In Mendelssohn 's "Symphony No. 4", the first movement is longer than an average movement of a classical piece. He tends to repeat the same melodies and rhythms and tunes half way through the bar.
The Baroque period was identified as the “Age of Absolutism” because it was a period where rulers practiced their full power to control subjects. Also during the Baroque time frame music became more leant about where it was played. Instead it only being played at churches and occasionally in some courts, it was being played at specific functions and operas. It was at this time that operas were established for the first time in history. Musicians at this time were employed for aristocrat’s courts, churches and operas although they were considered high positions yet still viewed as servants.