there were numerous differences between art in the Italian renaissance and the Northern Europe renaissance. While Italian artists were known for their cultural achievements, Northern artists were known more for their rapid development in the arts. Italian artists created detailed human figures that were symmetrical, balanced, and maintain a linear perspective, whereas Northern artists created landscapes and paid more attention to surface detail. Italian artists focused their work mainly around classic mythology and scenes from the bible. Northern artists also worked on religious scenes, but they also incorporated detailed domestic interiors and portraits. But their artwork was so different due to the fact that Italy and northern Europe were
Both J.S. Bach and G.F. Handel use different aspects of music to compose important pieces of music. The baroque period is often known as the time when artists exaggerated their motion and produced drama through interpreted detail. Both of these composers used this baroque style to convey messages through their music. The similarity in their music was that it is in a spiritual manner. J.S. Bach’s style was a harmonic and motivation manner, which Handel’s is more of a narrative. A cantana is a piece of music for worship and a oratoria is a genre that addressees a religious theme.
There are many differences in the works of those from the Northern Early Renaissance to those of the Early Italian Renaissance. However, there are also many similarities. The Style of art from the Northern Early Renaissance can be seen as truly remarkable. This is where realism starts to really take off. Perspective is used more appropriately and oil paints are introduced into the mix as a new medium. Giving artists something else try and master. All of this leading up to some of the greatest pieces of their respective era, including, but not limited to, Jan Van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece, Rogier Van Der Weyden’s Last Judgement, and Konrad Witz’ Miraculous Draught of Fish.
The Baroque period was identified as the “Age of Absolutism” because it was a period where rulers practiced their full power to control subjects. Also during the Baroque time frame music became more leant about where it was played. Instead it only being played at churches and occasionally in some courts, it was being played at specific functions and operas. It was at this time that operas were established for the first time in history. Musicians at this time were employed for aristocrat’s courts, churches and operas although they were considered high positions yet still viewed as servants. Some characteristics of Baroque music focused on the unity of mood, rhythm, dynamics and melodies. As for texture it consisted of being polyphonic with an emphasis on the highest and lowest melodies. Also the importance of bass and soprano and imitation were present. Word painting and symbolism kept making an appearance too. Chords and basso continuo were key elements to this period. A basso continuo is an accompaniment made up of bass parts usually played by two instruments. It was here that baroque orchestras started to gather which contained about ten to forty musicians. Through
In the Baroque era patronage is the most common way for an artists to get work. Patronage is the act of someone with a great deal of wealth giving their financial support to an artist to commission them to make a painting, a sculpture, a play or a piece of music. Since the Patrons hire the artists to not just make them beautiful art, but make them something that symbolizes their status and wealth, certain themes arise in these works of art. These are ones of ornamentation, grandeur, theatrical elements, and the notion that there is action happening beyond the frame. Artists like Bernini and Rembrandt are prime examples of how patronage affects their art, whilst still being part of the baroque era. These Baroque elements are so engrained in the system of patronage that even outside the Baroque era when an artist is commissioned through the patronage system their work can’t help but take on these and other baroque elements.
The Renaissance is a period in Europe from the 14th to 17th century. It was considered the time between the Middle Ages and modern history. It all started as a cultural movement in Italy in the late Medieval period and later spread to the rest of Europe, which started the beginning of the Early Modern Age. There are many highly interesting periods of history but the level of artistic and architectural production during this time is amazing. So much that centuries later they continue to capture the public 's imagination. Not only is the period highly engaging but it teaches us the power of looking into the past for insights and inspiration. It also shows the importance of continual imagination. Also, the Renaissance thrived by connecting
The Renaissance Period was a time of cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe. It was a humanistic revival of the classical influence that was also expressed in music. The vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during this period (1400s – 1600s) had more variety in range, rhythm, harmony, and form. Two Renaissance musicians of this time period are Josquin
Music was a big factor in the renaissance because there was a lot of church music that was involved. A Medieval composer would like to contrast the separate strands of his music, but as for a Renaissance composer, he aimed to blend them together. The style differences between the two continue for example, a renaissance compose would work gradually through the piece, attending to all parts simultaneously. Until the beginning of the 16th Century, instruments were considered to be less important than voices. Many composers thought about writing music for an instrument would be a good change, so the lute and racket got their attention fast. This type of music was based on modes and had richer texture in four or more parts. This embodies humanism because music was a lifestyle for some people because of religious matters.
Baroque music is a period of history that was widespread between 1600-1750 (newworldencyclopedia.org). Baroque changed music to make it more of an entertainment for people which helped generate its popularity amongst all types of people. The music was so widespread and diverse it is hard to label different musicians and songs under “baroque” but that what it is. The original meaning of baroque is actually “irregular pearl” which would help to understand that the music does not fit with say secular music it is to diverse and has become so widely used and accepted it just stuck (newworldencyclopedia.org). The Baroque period did not just affect the art of music, but the arts in general. It explored new ideas and thoughts and was more widely accepted by the people. It was patronized by the Roman Catholic Church and the middle class could afford it (Detrick “Baroque”).
The Baroque period covers one hundred and fifty years from 1600 to 1750. Its characteristics tend to include, lavish, over the top, expensive and much more then necessary. The period is painted literally with architecture, paintings, clothing, food and much more that continuously begs people of today to ask ‘why?’. The use of frill and extravagance in art in this period has become less of a question of ‘why’ and more of a question ‘where is the extra?’, because this part in history is centered around adding extra ornamentation to everything. With such an over the top part in history, it would seem impossible to pick one piece that could embody every aspect of the Baroque Era but it is to be proven that one piece has such potential. Gian Lerenzo Bernini’s, The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, sculpted in 1647 to 1652. The piece is of Saint Teresa being struck by an Angel’s
The renaissance was a time of many different improvements and changes to the era previous to it, the medieval ages, the renaissance re-introduced many different Roman and Greek traditional aspects, so much so that renaissance literally translates into “rebirth” in French. Other changes include social such as the rise of humanism and humanist beliefs, secularism, individualism, big changes in mathematical studies, sciences and all types of learning in general, the printing press invention, as well as religious changes, and the arts were also affected and changed with techniques such as chiaro-scuro, perspective, sfumato, and further more to be explained. The renaissance started in the end of the 14th century and ended in the 17th century.
The lower class wore light, dingy shades because they could not afford dyes that would give a pure color.
Throughout history, many periods of music have existed, some of which have left behind enduring contributions to music altogether. The most important period of music however is the Baroque period. This is because the beginning of its era marked the introduction of dominant musical devices that have been used ever since. The term “baroque” was derived from the Portuguese barroco meaning “oddly shaped pearl” and refers to a period of European music or Western European art music that flourished from about 1600 to 1750. This period began when the Renaissance period of music – a period of music full of choral music and chants – began to change. The Baroque period brought with itself key devices such as variation in musical compositions, the enlargement of standard scales and chords and the process of varying one or more properties within a piece; that are used today. In contrast the renaissance period of music whereby music was often sang, contained simple rhythms and melodic lines and was mostly for the purpose of praise, the Baroque period of music started off the use of distinct melodies and harmonies opposed to the polyphony used in the Renaissance period. This new music was then called “…expansive and dramatic”. Famous composers and performers of this period include Henry Purcell, Arcangelo Corelli, Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Vivaldi and many others.
The first period in music history is the Medieval, also called the Middle Ages, which instigated after the collapse of Roman Empire and prevailed between 450 and 1450 AD. This period was an era of Western music and begun with the Georgian chant (plainchant). The plainchant was monophonic;
Baroque music is a style of western art music. It was followed after the Renaissance music and was followed in turn by classical music. It emerged in the seventeenth century as a shorthand notation for keyboardists who were accompanying a soloist or small ensemble performing a work originally composed for a larger group. Key composers of the Baroque music are Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, Henry Purcell, Arcangelo Corelli, Alessandro Scarlatti, Jean Philippe Rameau, Johann Pachelbel, George Frideric Handle, Claudio Monteverdi Domenico Scarlatti and many others.