Baroque Art and Architecture History The style dominating the art and architecture of Europe and certain European colonies in the Americas throughout the 17th and 18th century in certain places. The term Baroque is derived from Spanish and Portuguese word that denotes irregular shaped pearl. As human awareness towards the world continuously expands, art has not only been influenced by the many discoveries of science, but many aspects of baroque art are also determined by religion, especially the Roman Catholic Church which served as a highly influential patron. The monarchies of France and Spain are the examples that Baroque Art is also influenced by political situations. Generally, Baroque Art is a sense of movement, energy and tension.
Introduction There was marked the rise of some virtuoso male singer in the baroque period which has a specific name: castrato. It was common of a male had been castrated before puberty for being a singer in Italy from 1600 to 1800. Some of them were famous and favored by many nobleman and received the highest fees of any musicians (Kamien, 2016), but they need to bear a pain surgery, incomplete body, arduous school life for music training. Therefore, the questions arise here and hope to find out the answers. Why they chose to be a castrato?
1. Introduction 1.1 Baroque Art Baroque painting consists of a range of styles varying from Classical Religious Grandeur, Realism and Easel Art maturing during the beginning of 1600 and continuing throughout the mid 18th century. Therefore this new movement saw the proliferation of major themes of Baroque painting such as the de-emphasis of the figure, a mastery of light and shadow, realism in all things and last but not least, new subjects like landscapes, still life and self-portraiture. Compared to Renaissance, Baroque art was mainly characterized by outstanding drama which in paintings was richer, used deep colours, and used intense light and very dark shadows. Therefore whilst Renaissance art tended to show the moment before an event took place, Baroque artists chose the dramatic instant that is the moment when the action was taking place.
The relationship between the arts and the growing body of scientific knowledge is still evolving to this day. Imagination is the foundation of creation. While beliefs are influenced by theory, art serves as the medium to illustrate the thoughts that build out innovation. The three stylistic periods, Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo, made major contributions and influenced the way that the art world contributed and evolved in society. The Renaissance started in the fourteenth century, when Italian scholars and writers, calling themselves humanists, searched for knowledge.
The Renaissance and Baroque are both iconic periods of time revealed to the world, where both established different concepts based on architecture, interior and furnishing and known for their artistry, literature and music, Which lead to the construction of unique magnificent artistic styles that inspired the people and the other continents as well. According to architecture and interiors in the periods of renaissance and baroque, the artistic style differs from one other in various ways. The Renaissance it was the period of rebirth from the 14th to the 17th century, known as the relationship between the middle ages and modern history. Political stability led pursuits. In specific, the leaders in the Renaissance movement looked
Baroque art was a new art movement in Europe that evolved between 1600 and 1750. It was a distinguished art because of its movement and dynamism, and theoretically dependent on the mastery of geometry and space. The illusionism of baroque art is based on the capability to depict reality. All baroque art are varied outwardly but were the products of technical realizations of the renaissance. The term evolved in the mid-18th century when John Joachim used it to describe excessive art of the previous period (Rabb, 2000).
Baroque Baroque is a style of art. It is an era of artistic style that used sensational motion and obvious, easily interpreted features to produce drama, tension, and magnificence in architecture, sculptures, paintings, literature, theatre, dance, and music. Baroque art is usually very frisky and has several ornaments. It was between the styles of Renaissance and Neoclassicism. This means it began at the begging of the 16th century (around 1600), at that time, there were absolutist monarchs in Europe.
There have been several different music eras throughout the years, some of them being the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern era. The renaissance period gradually began in the 1400’s and slowly ended in the 1600’s. This was the transition period between the Medieval Era and the modern world. The renaissance period in Europe was a time of renewed interest in the arts. At this time people like Leonardo Da Vinci was painting his Mona Lisa, and Shakespeare was writing plays such as Hamlet , Romeo and Juliet.
This epoch was highly punctuated by artistic style which fused inflated motion and simple detail to generate drama, tension, enthusiasm and magnificence in painting, architecture, dance, music, sculpture, and literature. The style dates back to around 1600 in Rome Italy before finally diffusing to other parts of Europe. The Catholic Church played a very prominent role in popularizing the Baroque style. During the Council of Trench, the Catholic Church in
Baroque, an era from 1600s- 1750s, is known as a period which had overly exaggerated emotions, drama, tension, grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. It began in Italy and then spread to most of Europe. Baroque is a French word, which means a rough or imperfect pearl. Baroque era has not only changed architecture, painting, and sculpture, but it has also influenced theatre, and style of clothing for people around the world. Painting during the baroque period had exaggerated lighting, with intense emotions, and artistic viewpoint.
During the Baroque and Rococo eras, changes in historical, social and religious context had a great impact on the approach to design at the time. This essay will show, through critical reflection and through analysis of examples of furniture and product design, how historical, social and religious transformations affected design style and philosophy during those eras. Moreover, this essay will address the concept of absolutism and its impact on design at the time; the evolutionary nature of design styles; and explore defining characteristics of the Baroque and Rococo styles. This essay will make use of the following examples of furniture and product design that, due to their characteristic representation of the Baroque and Rococo eras, will help support discussions: Baroque-styleAmerican cupboard, Baroque dressing table, Baroque-style dresser, Rococo bouquetier, Rococo microscope, Rococo pier-table. In this essay, it is important to understand what is meant by the following terms in the context of the time period.
According to Hauser (1999), the term Baroque at first is used to describe the music of its style that has no coherent melody. Indeed, comparing to the contemporary style, Baroque demonstrates a characteristic of extravagance, drama, and dynamic rhythm that in the eye of Classicist a bad taste. For example, The Elevation of the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens (Fig. 1), the scene depicted concentrates on the two fighting forces and the use of diagonal lines provide motion and fluidly. The painting perfectly shows the characteristics of Baroque: it is dramatic, emotional and realistic, capturing a scene in its action.
Name Course Institution Tutor Date Introduction In the history of art, Baroque is considered one of the most opulent artistic styles. Baroque artistic style began in Rome about 1600 before spreading to other regions. The style is characterized by energetic movement and display. The style has however been criticized as one that is extravagant in terms of the sums spent on the public monuments. This paper is a defense of the magnificence and splendor of Baroque art of the King Louis XIV of France Royal Portrait, ST Peters Basilica, Versailles palace and Baladocchino structure.
The examination of a person as an individual in history has been an important aspect in understanding society and culture. The value that people in a society place on themselves as a whole has an effect on culture, art, and politics. Recognition of one’s individualism is an incredibly powerful tool for someone to possess. The role of individual, individual determination, and the value of the individual have evolved through the Baroque period to the Industrial Revolution to the Romantics. I believe the time where there was a major first shift from focusing on higher powers to the individual is when people split off from the Catholic church to pursue their choice of religion: The Reformation.
The Baroque Period, starting from the beginning of the 17th century to mid 18th century, was a period that continued to build upon the individualism of the Renaissance period and discover new ideas. From new and significant discoveries in science from people such as Galileo, to mathematical advances from people such as Isaac Newton, people were transitioning from being oblivious to the world to being more aware of the world around them. The music of the baroque period reflected the ambition of the new and radical changes. Well known composers such as Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, and Monteverdi were writing in newly unheard and revolutionary musical concepts, and were popularizing genres such as opera, and emphasizing the use of instruments barely used before such as the harpsichord, and the woodwinds. Their musical legacy continues to live on to this day, and is a wonderful discovery of beautifully composed compositions that continues to be performed worldwide by professional orchestras and bands.
Introduction: The Baroque era of music which ranged from 1600 until 1750 saw the birth of many great composers like J.S Bach and G.F Handel and creation of new techniques and forms of music. The Baroque era saw many changes and progressions through music. The formation of the Oratorio was an example of these changes that occurred during this time period. Handel’s oratorios that were set in English were gained popularity, it was also peculiar that they were composed in the English language instead of Italian, as it had been proclaimed the George Friedrich Handel was “German born and Italian trained” (). The purpose of this essay is to examine the dramatic content and musical styles of Handel’s oratorios.
The artist’s work in the baroque period often resemble dramatic artworks that sought to draw the viewer into the image, also images employ high contrast of light and shadow as well as a fluidity that were absent in Renaissance art. Baroque creates a strong sense of liveliness, spirit and attraction. And the churches of the baroque churches tend to be richly decorated and the elements in the structure are used more freely than Renaissance. An iconic artist in the renaissance period was Leonardo da Vinci intended to further perfect the aspects of pictorial art (lighting, linear and atmospheric perspective, characterization and foreshortening, anatomy) that had preoccupied artists of the Early Renaissance, His adoption of oil paint as his primary
Baroque Baroque style is a new phenomenon in 17th century. The word “Baroque” was derived from the Italian word barocco, meaning bizarre or artificial; some also stated that the word was originated from Portuguese or Spanish, meaning irregular or oddly shaped pearl. Baroque art has the following characteristics: whether it is sculpture, architecture, painting arts and crafts; all of them have stressed sense of movement, space, luxury, passion, feeling, or even mystery. There are several things that inspired the Baroque artist. Since the period was the man’s first modern age of art, there were certain freedom that the Baroque artists had in order to express themselves.
The music in the baroque period was a new age experience for all and has even influenced modern music today. The style and influence given has progressed music in ways that many do not even know. A prime example of this is ornamentation. This simple concept is preceded by the new ways that people of the baroque period have changed the theory of music as well as how the instrumentation, rhythmic, and tonal structure. These small changes have changed everyday aspects of music, everything from the classic musical periods after to everyday pop and rock and roll.
The Catholic Church has employed for millennia several forms of art, most notably baroque paintings. Consequently, this served as a firm response to the rise of Protestantism due to the efforts of Martin Luther to destabilize the Church for its institutional abuses. Furthermore, the upper echelons of the clergy mandated any artwork that was to be formulated should be characteristic to the dogmas of Catholicism such as the Transfiguration of Christ and canvases that pertains to Scripture should be direct and fathomable to the ordinary believer of Jesus at that time, such as country-dwellers. It would be carefully assumed that the raison d’etre of the espousal of baroque paintings by the Catholic hierarchy stemmed from its ability to evoke passion and devotion amongst the people, instead of rational thought, which would intensify the foundations of Catholicism at that time when it was vulnerable to Luther’s revolt. Moreover, baroque representations lean towards expressing prodigious drama penetrating light and dark shadows.