At the time of the Civil War, land was destroyed in the south due to the war being fought in the area. So, there came the Reconstruction era were the government worked on getting the land back to a working economy. Land was hard to come by in the south around this time, so the newly freed people were left without land to live off of. To provide for themselves, many had to work as laborers on white-owned land to earn a living. In a sense they were basically already doing this, tending to the farm land when they were slaves, though now they are actually collecting an earning for their hard work.
To fail to do work to a respectable level means to be sold to another plantation and ripped away from one’s family. To try to escape, is to die. It is constantly apparent that these values apply to Cora’s life as much as any slave of the time period. Big Anthony was one slave on the Randall plantation in which Cora worked. However, Big Anthony had tried to escape the chains of slavery.
Landowners would rent out a portion of their land to former slaves. In return, the farmers would sell the landowners their crops. The landowners took advantage of their tenants by overcharging for land and underpaying for the crops. The tenants began falling deeper into debt. They could not leave until they paid off their debt, which was nearly impossible.
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
Indentured servants sign a contract agreeing to work for a certain amount of years to get land, tools, and supplies to start of on their own. Which most of the time did not happen since they were treated so poorly that they either died or never got anything in return. The historical significance was that since there were not enough people in the colonies willing to work, indentured servants worked on the land. Also, the use of Indentured servants made people in the Chesapeake colonies accustomed to the use of free labor which turned to African slavery. This was tremendous significance for history.
The Southern United States remained virtually unchanged socially after the Civil War and Reconstruction. Former slaves were employed by previous owners with low-paying sharecropping, and freedmen could not vote. Jim Crow laws soon placed newly freed slaves back into a pseudo-slavery, keeping many in the south with mandatory Apprenticeship Laws. Mark Twain subtly comments on these issues in the American society, largely using satire as a way to display the failure of Reconstruction in the South. Society in Huck Finn displays racism towards Jim, with many characters’ actions and attitudes demonstrating overt racism.
Slave Struggles in the American South In the American South, slaves struggled with how they were treated and how their families got split apart and broken Slaves got chased and beaten, by their owners. They were mistreated and teased for their race. Slaves weren’t aloud to go to school and learn. Physical pain was a part of daily life for slaves. They got mistreated for the work that they gave, and deserved a better life.
White men consider themselves more religious than African American slaves until Mrs. Bird stands up to her husband and corrects him. "'You ought to be ashamed, John! Poor, homeless, houseless creatures! It's a shameful, wicked, abominable law, and I'll break it, for one, the first time I get a chance; and I hope I shall have a chance, I do! Things have got to a pretty pass, if a woman can't give a warm supper and a bed to poor, starving creatures, just because they are slaves, and have been abused and oppressed all their lives, poor things!
Since the creations of plantations, immense landowners controlled the economy in their market while diminutive landowners would often struggle to stay afloat or reach the success of wealthy plantation owners. During the industrial revolution, poor whites moved from plantations to factories and every member of a family, including young children, would get jobs in factories. Factory owners would often cut corners in order to save money while the factory workers were the ones affected. Factories were not safe and would catch fire often killing the workers inside and the pay received for the work was barely enough to support a family. All these examples show that poor and working-class whites also had little opportunity to realize the American Dream.
When the peasants and other poor people were unable to repay their loans they were enslaved. Nexum thus became a device for the big landowners to convert free peasants into unfree labor. The abolition of nexum was thus a crucial issue for the plebeians. In 326 B. C., a law was enacted which prohibited the enslavement of Roman citizens for non-repayment of debts. The peasants were victorious in their struggle against debt bondage but their fight for retaining possession over their land remained unsuccessful.
The system of sharecropping was only a modified alternative for slavery considering the workers would always have debt owed to the landowner and they were not treated much better. They would rent a small portion of land and then they would give the landowner the majority of the crops. Document D shows how sharecropping was spread widely throughout the South, replacing slavery. This prevented freedmen from being completely free, even after slavery had been abolished. In addition, many African Americans in the North were limited when it came to getting jobs.
Before the Civil War, the south depended on slavery to sustain its economy. Slaves provided free labor in which they were responsible for tending to the planters land. This included planting, growing, and yielding cash crops to be able to deliver a profit for the plantation owner. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship between the planter and the laborer, as well as deliberating on the interactions amongst mill owners and mill employees to be able to explain how the shared theme of why labor had to change in the south was prevalent in both articles. One of the results of the Civil War was that workforce in the south was set free from the plantation owners.
It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent. This only brought the farmers into more debt with which their tobacco could not render enough profit to get them out of. According to William Allason, the poor farmers were dedicated to lowering the duty on slaves as low as possible as opposed to shutting down the slave trade altogether, for the farmers needed hands to cultivate their product. (Holton, 71) Britain sided with the gentry’s opponents which were the poor farmers. This example of camaraderie between the British and the poor Virginians establishes the farmers’ stance on independence; despite the troubles they have had with the economy, the poor farmers are so bad off that they would rather turn to Britain (home of the Parliament that imposed sanctions negatively affecting the economy) for aide in lowering the duty on slaves.
Southerners eventually let african americans work for them. However, they were sharecroppers meaning they have to borrow money to get everything going, and by the time they make their money back they are so much in debt they aren’t making any profit off of it. The landowner is getting all the money. In reality, it’s like they are still slaves, because they are doing work and not getting paid for it. Whatever money that they get goes right to the landowner for the money they had to borrow to grow the crops.
They thought that working hard on the plantation without any payment would not get them anywhere, so they ran away and stayed in small villages. Lastly, the economic causes of the French revolution were the high taxes for the middle class people during that time. The slaves worked day and night to earn money but because of the taxes that the nobles proposed, they could not pay for it. Therefore, there was a large economic strain on France which was not the case with Haiti since they were thriving due to free labour and surplus goods. Despite their differences, the French and Haitian revolutions are also similar because of St. Domingue which was the common link between France and Haiti.