In spite of being established nearly 4,000 years ago, the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi exhibits a myriad of similarities that reflect our modern-day system of law. Marriage, divorce, land ownership, adultery, alimony, and inheritance were all social issues addressed in Hammurabi’s Code that are still relevant in today’s society Additionally, it appears as if one of the main motivations for erecting the law code was to maintain a sense of status quo within the society. A number of laws within the code outline how to resolve conflicts between two or more parties. If a crime were to be committed, there would be a specific punishment established to handle the situation accordingly. Similarly to ours, Hammaurbi's law code reflected a certain amount …show more content…
By examining these deviations, one can gain a more detailed understanding of Babylonian society. For example, it is notable that Babylonian society did not place the same value on lives as we do. The death penalty is considered one of the most extreme forms of capital punishment that exists and it is typically reserved for criminals who have committed heinous crimes. Yet, within Babylonian society, the death penalty was a common punishment for crimes that could be viewed as insignificant in comparison. However, harsh punishments were typically reserved for individuals of a lower class. The upper class enjoyed more societal privileges such as receiving a lighter sentence for a particular crime. Babylonian society was defined by a strict social hierarchy composed of freemen, dependents, and slaves. Further, monetary status also aided heavily in defining an individual's societal status. For instance, in law code number 8, a man accused of theft was expected to pay a fine as a punishment. However, if the individual accused was too impoverished to satisfy the fine, they would be executed. It is also important to note that Hammurabi's code contained no laws defining citizens' rights or freedoms. This further cements that citizens were not necessarily valued as …show more content…
In law code number 195, it was clear that male parental figures were highly respected members within the family household, and that harming him would result in harm upon yourself. Moreover, The Babylonians valued monogamous relationships and loyalty within a marriage as adultery was regarded as an offense worthy of execution. An arrangement was made for the wife and child to receive some of the husband's property in the event of a divorce. While families were valued, we can observe from the law code that the Babylonians lived in a patriarchal society where women were subordinate to men. According to law code number 110, women who were heavily involved in religious organizations were prohibited from drinking, and failing to do so would result in death by immolation. However, women were able to enjoy some form of privileges, such as the previously mentioned receiving a form of alimony after getting divorced from their
During the reign of king Hammurabi the ruler of Babylon a regional city-state (r. 1763-1755 BCE), he created and also was one of his greatest achievements while in throne was the development of the most integrated legal Babylonian codes written for his society to follow, “ The Law Code of Hammurabi was not the first law code produced during the first 3000 years of Mesopotamia, but it was the most famous one because it was the most permanent one “. The Code of Hammurabi affirms a society of strict justice there are 282 case laws decisions from economic provisions, to family law, even criminal law, and civil law, penalties varied according to the wealth of the individual offenders and their circumstances of the offences. The information
So, he decided to make Hammurabi’s code with 282 laws organized by specific themes. Although a set of laws was needed, the severity of punishments in property and family laws sure outweighed any of the good laws he made. Hammurabi’s code was not just because of his family law. In law 129 it states “if a married lady is caught in adultery with another man, they shall bind them and cast them into the water” (Doc C) and that isn’t just because That’s not fair
Soniyah Boun Ms. Kruse World History Honors Period 4 9/28/17 Hammurabi’s Code: Was it Just? Today’s current justice system requires police departments, court trials, and lawyers to determine right from wrong, but back in early history things were much more different. Straying away from legal court cases there was the first actual uniform set of laws to keep civilians in check called Hammurabi’s code. Four hundred centuries ago most of Mesopotamia (which was the first civilization) was under the rule of King Hammurabi who at first only had power over a limited part of the city in Babylon which was a city-state at the time.
The Document “The Law Code of Hammurabi” we are given a reading of a list of what laws were for Mesopotamians. The document informs us, the readers, know the two hundred and two seven written laws are consider as the most informative about life in Mesopotamia in regards of justice and social regulation concepts. According to the document The Law Code of Hammurabi basic principles of justice, punishment and compensation in Ancient Mesopotamia don’t act appropriate are most likely lead to be killed if they cannot prove their innocents. One example of how they handle common crimes is the first law “if a man accuses another man and charges him with homicide but cannot bring proof against him, his accuser shall be killed” (25). Not only can someone accuse you
The Code of Hammurabi was a comprehensive set of laws that are considered by many scholars and historians to be the oldest laws established. They were passed down for four thousand years by King Hammurabi of Babylon. Although the code was created with good intent and humanitarian intent it contained the “eye for an eye” theory of punishment, which is a very barbaric form of the concept of making the punishment fit the crime. This and many other laws within the code tell us humans a lot about the Mesopotamian civilization but one’s that stood out are code numbers 3, 5, and 6. The Code of Hammurabi was a unique set of laws and had many interesting ones, but one that I think that stood out and revealed a lot about Mesopotamian civilization is code number 3, “if anyone bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offence charged, be put to death.”
People in most of Mesopotamia didn’t help create the laws, Hammurabi and Shamash did. Punishments for the people were unfair and ended many lives or ruined lives because they made one mistake. Everyone didn’t receive the same punishments as other people. Although Hammurabi’s Code did protect the weak, there were more problems with the laws than there were good. However, government nowadays, learned from Hammurabi’s mistakes.
Was the ancient Babylonian monarch’s set of laws fair? Hammurabi’s Code was unjust because of its family laws, property laws, and personal injury laws. One way that Hammurabi’s Code is unjust is that it has unfair family laws. According to Law 148, if a wife is diseased, her husband may marry a second wife. The husband has to live in the same house as his first wife, and he has to take care of her.
Hammurabi’s code gives judgements and consequences for certain crimes. The punishment for a crime depended on one’s social rank. There were essentially three classes; the priests and noble landlords, the freemen, and slaves. Each law illustrated the division in the societies social status. As a particular law read; “If a man has destroyed the eye of another free man, his own eye shall be destroyed.
Upper-class members had to have harsher punishments that someone normal. Hammurabi’s code was guilty until proven innocent, unlike america it is innocent until proven guilty. Hammurabi once stated “to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil-doer, that the strong might not injure the weak." Hammurabi also wanted to make it possible that upper-class people won’t be robbed or killed as much as usual, his one of his code’s stated "If a man has destroyed the eye of a man of the gentleman class, they shall destroy his eye .... If he has destroyed the eye of a commoner ...
There are three areas of law where Hammurabi’s Code can be shown as just: property laws, family laws, and personal injury laws. First, there is the justness of property laws. The code states, “If a seignior committed robbery and has been caught, that seignior shall be put to death. ”(Code of Hammurabi 1). When a seignior chooses to rob another individual, that seignior has ultimately made the decision to take another’s property without the intention of returning it.
Hammurabi’s code revolves around maintaining the order in society and establishing political power while the Hebrew law outlines behavioral guidelines. In Exodus, the text reads, “...not to be partial to the poor or deaf or defer to the great.” This line demonstrates a caring concern for others and the obligation to assist the poor, the disabled, and the weak. As compared to Hammurabi’s code, the Hebrew laws displayed a hint of mercy as well as love and a desire for justice. To the Hebrews, these laws proved that Yahweh, their god, cared and loved them, whereas, Hammurabi 's code was primarily a document that fixed his order and power.
They are of complete fairness and help protect the security and welfare of the people. These laws concerning property, personal injury, and family would soon shape the way of the Mesopotamian culture. Hammurabi's code concerning family law for example was highly proficient. It brought order and civilian rights regarding family affairs. For instance in Law 195, (Doc C), if a son is to hit his father he shall have his hands cut off.
This can be seen by Hammurabi’s words, “If a men destroyed of a gentlemen, they shall destroy their eye… if he has the eye of a commoner, he shall pay one mina of silver… if he has destroyed the eye of a gentlemen’s slave, he shall pay one half the slave’s price.” This shows how the punishments depend on the social class of the victim and the criminal in Hammurabi's code. However, the modern law does NOT. Also, in the Modern Law, the criminals have a democracy. In Hammurabi’s Code, they punish you immediately.
With the help of laws that had punishments like loosing a hand or an eyeball, looking back into Babylonian society was made a lot easier. These laws were created by the king of the city-state Babylon around 1792 BCE, Hammurabi. His reasoning for enforcing the laws, known as Hammurabi’s code, was to protect the weak and those who could not help themselves (doc B). He created 282 laws, and carved them onto a stele, a pillar-like stone. The multiple steles, he created and placed around the kingdom, consisted of a carving of him with Shamash, the god of justice, a prologue, the written laws and an epilogue (doc A).