Compare And Contrast The Biological Perspective Of Depression

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Title: Understanding Depression from a Biological-Psychology Perspective


Depression is a widespread mental health disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities that once brought joy. Depression can lead to impaired daily functioning, social withdrawal, and even suicide. This essay explores depression from a biological-psychology perspective, highlighting the biological and psychological factors that contribute to its development.

Definition and Symptoms:

Depression is a mood disorder that causes persistent sadness, loss of interest, and lack of energy. It affects how a person feels, thinks, and behaves and can interfere …show more content…

Depression is thought to be caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which are responsible for regulating mood. Low levels of serotonin, in particular, have been linked to depression. Research has also found that people with depression have reduced activity in the prefrontal cortex, a region of the brain responsible for decision-making and regulating emotions.

Genetics also play a role in the development of depression. Studies have shown that depression runs in families and that people with a family history of depression are more likely to develop the disorder. This suggests that there may be a genetic predisposition to depression. However, it is important to note that genetics alone do not determine the development of depression, and environmental factors also play a crucial role.

Psychological Perspective:

The psychological perspective of depression focuses on the emotional and cognitive factors that contribute to the disorder. Life events, such as loss, trauma, or stress, can trigger depression. Psychodynamic theories propose that depression may be caused by unresolved conflicts or early childhood experiences, leading to feelings of guilt, shame, or low

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